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A cover band (or covers band), is a band that plays mostly or exclusively cover songs. New or unknown bands often find the cover band format marketable for smaller gigs, such as those taking place at pubs, clubs or venues. The bands also perform at private events, for example, weddings and birthday parties and may be known as a wedding band, party band or function band. A band whose covers consist mainly of songs that were chart hits is often called a top 40 band. Some bands, however, start as cover bands and then grow to perform original material. For example, the Rolling Stones released three albums consisting primarily of covers before recording one of original material.
Cover bands play several types of venues. When a band is starting out, might play private parties and fund raisers, often for little or no money, or in return for food and bar privileges, although many professional musicians refuse to do this. With enough experience a band will begin to "play out" professionally at bars and night clubs. Some cover bands are made up of full-time professional musicians. These bands are usually represented by an 'entertainment agency'.
Cover bands are typically booked for different kinds of events including Weddings, Corporate Events, Festivals, Religious Ceremonies and Parties.
Unlike some famous bands, when the cover bands consist of professional musicians they often do not have a 'fixed line up' of musicians, rather they are often made up of a flexible line up with session musicians, utilising 'dep' musicians where necessary. The music industry is considered by many musicians as a relatively difficult industry to make an income from, and cover bands can be a good source of income for professional musicians alongside other work.
Cover bands play songs written and recorded by other artists, usually well-known songs (as compared to "original" bands which play music they themselves have written). There are a wide variety of cover bands - some cover bands play material from particular decades, for example a 1980s cover band. Others focus exclusively on the music of a particular group, usually iconic groups, and are called tribute bands: it is not uncommon to find The Beatles tribute bands, Led Zeppelin tribute bands, Kiss tribute bands, Pink Floyd tribute bands, Oasis tribute bands, Duran Duran tribute bands, Aerosmith tribute bands, or U2 tribute bands. Some cover bands will play a variety of song styles, of widely different artists, genres and decades. Another type of cover band is one that covers songs in a different genre or style than that of the original composition (e.g., jazz versions of what were originally hard rock songs).
Some cover bands perform covers that are of a different musical genre from the originals. For instance:
- Richard Cheese covers rock and rap songs in the style of lounge music.
- Gregorian covers pop and rock songs in the style of Gregorian chant.
- Ingenius covers pop/rock music between 1970 and today but plays everything with 3 guitars and a drum. No synthesizers are used and the effects are emulated by guitars.
- Gabba covers the pop songs of ABBA in the punk style of the Ramones (the name is also a reference to the chant "Gabba Gabba Hey" from the Ramones' song "Pinhead" from their Leave Home album).
- Nouvelle Vague covers new wave-era bands with a bossa nova twist.
- Me First and the Gimme Gimmes is known for punk covers of other artists, with each album picking a different genre or era (i.e. hits of the 1970s, showtunes, etc.)
- Dread Zeppelin specialized in reggae versions of Led Zeppelin songs, with an Elvis impersonator on lead vocals.
- Hayseed Dixie started as a "hillbilly tribute to AC/DC" and has become a bluegrass tribute band covering many well known rock bands in their own "rockgrass" style.
- Run C&W performed bluegrass arrangements of '60s soul music, primarily classics from the Motown catalog.
- Turetsky's Choir, a former synagogue choir from Moscow, is famous for its remakes of music pieces from different styles, ranging from opera classic to pop hits. The band's repertoire usually includes covers only. Some of them are arranged into medleys.
- Ten Masked Men is known for death metal covers of pop songs.
- The Baseballs are a German band, known for doing rockabilly covers of modern pop songs, like Bleeding Love and Umbrella (song)
- Mallavoodoo, a Brazilian band from Recife, plays instrumental covers of hard rock with keyboards and saxophone.
- Fretted Wall, an American band from Idaho Falls, mostly covers 80s hairband songs from bands like ACDC
Examples of cover acts
- The Maxx - Hugely successful top 40 cover band from Atlanta, GA. Their success has enabled them to form such music advocacy organizations as Musical Youth Of America, Band Room Nation, and AMC.
- Dark Star Orchestra - Widely renowned Grateful Dead cover band that recreates the feel of individual Grateful Dead performances.
- Three Dog Night - Tremendously successful '60s and '70s rock band that almost exclusively recorded covers of songs from many different artists and genres.
- Sha Na Na - Another successful '60s and '70s rock band that plays rock and roll music from the 1950s and early-1960s. They burst onto the scene in 1969 when they performed at the Woodstock music festival and went on to have their own variety show similar to The Monkees.
- Motown Gold - A well known Motown band that performs Motown (and similar style) music. Their playlists contain music from artists such as Stevie Wonder, The Supremes, Aretha Franklin and Ray Charles.
- Joe Cocker - The "Sheffield Soul Shouter" has covered music by many artists including The Beatles, Dave Mason, and The Lovin' Spoonful.
- Jimmy and the Soulblazers - Covers of '60's and 70's Soul music.
- The Somebodys - A modern function band, who performing covers of 60s music until present day, which are pop/rock male lead songs.
- Liquid Blue - Cover band from San Diego, California that mixes covers and originals and has performed in over 100 countries.
- Lt. Dan Band - a cover band founded by Kimo Williams and actor Gary Sinise. The band is named after the character Lieutenant Dan Taylor, whom Sinise portrayed in the film Forrest Gump.
- The Zoo - Philippine cover band featuring Arnel Pineda, who went on to join Journey in 2008.
- Apocalyptica - Finnish metal band with covers of Metallica, Faith No More, Sepultura, Slipknot, David Bowie, and Pantera performed by four cellists and a drummer, among original music.
- Laura-Jayne Hunter - Singer in one a cover and function bands
- Camp Freddy - Cover band featuring Dave Navarro of Jane's Addiction, and several other successful musicians.
- Ty Taylor (author) - Ty Taylor and the Powder River Band, a Top 40 Country music Cover Band.
- Highway Rockers - Classic Rock cover band from Dallas, Texas, specializing in hits from the 60s through the 90s featuring Kitty Haskins, female lead vocalist, covering male vocal dominated rock hits.
- Michael Bublé and Susan Boyle are internationally successful and most of their music consists of covers.
Fictional cover acts
- Rock Star starring Mark Wahlberg who had a small group that performs cover songs from a fictional band called Steel Dragon. He eventually became the lead singer of the said band when a recorded performance was seen by the band members.
- The Wedding Singer features Adam Sandler as a cover singer who performs for wedding parties.
- Detroit Rock City is the story of four teenagers in the '70s who are in a Kiss cover band called "Mystery".
- Saving Silverman features three friends who are diehard Neil Diamond fans, and they form a cover band called "Diamonds in the Rough".
- In an episode of The Simpsons, Otto Mann hires a cover band called "Cyanide", which he says is a tribute to Poison.
- In the American Dad! episode "Finances with Wolves", Klaus the goldfish swaps brains with the lead singer of an Earth, Wind and Fire cover band.