Covina, California

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Covina, California
City of Covina
City
Official seal of Covina, California
Seal
Motto: “One Square Mile and All There”, “Where Friendship is Traditional” (1965)
Location of Covina in Los Angeles County, California
Location of Covina in Los Angeles County, California
Coordinates: 34°5′30″N 117°52′45″W / 34.09167°N 117.87917°W / 34.09167; -117.87917Coordinates: 34°5′30″N 117°52′45″W / 34.09167°N 117.87917°W / 34.09167; -117.87917
Country  United States of America
State  California
County Los Angeles
Settled 1882[citation needed]
Incorporated (city) 1901-08-14[1]
Government
 • Type Council-Manager
 • Mayor Peggy Delach
 • Mayor Pro Tem John King
 • Councilmember Jorge Marquez
 • Councilmember Kevin Stapleton
 • Councilmember Walt Allen III
Area[2]
 • Total 7.041 sq mi (18.236 km2)
 • Land 7.026 sq mi (18.196 km2)
 • Water 0.015 sq mi (0.039 km2)  0.22%
Elevation 558 ft (170 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 47,796
 • Density 6,800/sq mi (2,600/km2)
Time zone PST (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP Code 91722, 91723, 91724[3]
Area code(s) 626[4]
FIPS code 06-16742
GNIS feature ID 1652693
Website http://www.ci.covina.ca.us/

Covina is a small city in Los Angeles County, California, about 22 miles (35 km) east of downtown Los Angeles, in the San Gabriel Valley region. The population was 47,796 at the 2010 census, up from 46,837 at the 2000 census. The city's slogan, "One Mile Square and All There", was coined when the incorporated area of the city was only (some say slightly less than) one square mile, making it the smallest city in area in the country.[citation needed]

Covina is often confused with West Covina which is actually larger in both area and population, located to its south and westside. Irwindale lies to the west, as well as the unincorporated area of Vincent, and the city of Baldwin Park. Azusa and Glendora are to the north, the unincorporated community of Charter Oak to the northeast, San Dimas to the east, the unincorporated areas of Ramona and Via Verde, and the city of Pomona to the southeast.

History[edit]

The city was founded in 1882 by Joseph Swift Phillips, on a 2,000 acres (8.1 km2) tract that was purchased from the John Edward Hollenbeck holdings. Hollenbeck purchased the failed coffee plantation from 3 Costa Rican brothers, Pedro Maria Badilla, Julian Badilla and Pedro Antonio Badilla, the latter who purchased it from the heirs of John A. Rowland in 1875.[5] The City of Covina was named by a young engineer, Frederick Eaton, who was hired by Phillips to survey the area. Impressed by the way in which the valleys of the adjacent San Gabriel Mountains formed a natural cove around the vineyards that had been planted by the region's earlier pioneers, Eaton merged the words "cove" and "vine", and in 1885, created the name Covina for the new township.[6]

The city’s slogan, “One Mile Square and All There”,[6] was coined by Mrs F. E. Wolfarth, the winner of a 1922 slogan contest sponsored by the chamber of commerce, when the incorporated area of the city was only (some say slightly less than) one square mile, making it the smallest city in area in the country.[citation needed]

The city was incorporated in 1901. It would be orange and grapefruit trees, not vineyards, that would soon blanket the area and make it famous. By 1909, the city was the third largest orange producer in the world,[6] and it still claimed to have “the best oranges in the world” as late as the 1950s. Since World War II, however, the orange groves have been largely replaced by single-family (houses) and multiple-family (apartments) dwellings.[7]

The Covina Valley Historical Society maintains an extensive archive illustrating the city’s history in the 1911-built Firehouse Jail Museum, Covina’s first municipal building, located immediately behind City Hall in Covina’s Old Town.[6]

Currently[edit]

Covina claims to have the largest movie multiplex in Los Angeles County. Opened in 1997, the Covina AMC 30 located at Arrow Highway and Azusa Avenue is one of the busiest theatres in the United States.[8] The movie theater was built on the site of a former Sears building.

It has been a sister city of Xalapa, Mexico, since 1964. A replica of a giant stone Olmec head, located in a place of honor in beautiful Parque Xalapa, was given to the city in 1989 by the state of Veracruz, Mexico.[9] According to the placard placed below the head, it was originally excavated from San Lorenzo de Tenochtitlan. The statue was recently moved from its location in front of the police department to Jalapa Park in the southeast portion of the city.

During the election held March 6, 2007, nine candidates ran for two of the five positions on the city council. The voters then rejected the 10-year renewal of a 6% Utility Users Tax the city has had since 1999. Only 3,797 ballots were cast out of 21,633 registered voters. The Utility Users Tax was subsequently renewed at the June 3, 2008, election which attracted 5,032 voters.

2008 marked both the opening as well as charter season of the Covina Center for the Performing Arts, a newly remodeled multi-million dollar theatrical venue in downtown Covina.

2008 massacre[edit]

Main article: Covina massacre

On December 24, 2008, a shooting and arson occurred in Covina, in which a man, Bruce Jeffrey Pardo, dressed in a Santa Claus costume entered a Christmas party at his ex-wife's residence and proceeded to open fire. After the shootings, Pardo unwrapped a Christmas package containing a homemade flamethrower and used it to spray racing fuel gasoline to set the home ablaze. Nine people were killed during the massacre. After the attack, Pardo put on his street clothes and drove his rental car to his brother's house in Sylmar, approximately 30 miles (48 km) away from the crime scene, where he was later found dead from a self-inflicted gunshot wound.[10]

Geography[edit]

Covina is located at 34°5′30″N 117°52′45″W / 34.09167°N 117.87917°W / 34.09167; -117.87917 (34.091609, -117.879193).[11]

No freeways pass through the city limits (except for a very small stretch of I-10), although it is centered in the midst of Interstate 210 (Foothill Freeway) to the north, Interstate 10 (San Bernardino Freeway) to the south, Interstate 605 (San Gabriel River Freeway) to the west, and the State Route 57 (Orange Freeway) to the east.[9]

The Southern Pacific Railroad, which reached Covina in 1884, and the Metrolink San Bernardino Line pass through the city just north of the downtown area. The town is located at the foot of the San Gabriel Mountains in the San Gabriel Valley.[9] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 7.0 square miles (18 km2). 7.0 square miles (18 km2) of it is land and 0.22% of it is water.

Climate[edit]

This region experiences warm, hot and dry summers. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Covina has a hot-summer Mediterranean climate, abbreviated "Csa" on climate maps.[12]

Demographics[edit]

2010[edit]

The 2010 United States Census[13] reported that Covina had a population of 47,796. The population density was 6,788.3 people per square mile (2,621.0/km²). The racial makeup of Covina was 27,937 (58.5%) White (29.9% Non-Hispanic White),[14] 2,013 (4.2%) African American, 532 (1.1%) Native American, 5,684 (11.9%) Asian, 104 (0.2%) Pacific Islander, 9,230 (19.3%) from other races, and 2,296 (4.8%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 25,030 persons (52.4%).

The Census reported that 47,361 people (99.1% of the population) lived in households, 68 (0.1%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 367 (0.8%) were institutionalized.

There were 15,855 households, out of which 6,396 (40.3%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 7,931 (50.0%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 2,815 (17.8%) had a female householder with no husband present, 1,072 (6.8%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 978 (6.2%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 94 (0.6%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 3,153 households (19.9%) were made up of individuals and 1,179 (7.4%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.99. There were 11,818 families (74.5% of all households); the average family size was 3.43.

The population was spread out with 11,896 people (24.9%) under the age of 18, 5,043 people (10.6%) aged 18 to 24, 13,113 people (27.4%) aged 25 to 44, 12,174 people (25.5%) aged 45 to 64, and 5,570 people (11.7%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35.7 years. For every 100 females there were 93.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.5 males.

There were 16,576 housing units at an average density of 2,354.2 per square mile (909.0/km²), of which 9,256 (58.4%) were owner-occupied, and 6,599 (41.6%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.1%; the rental vacancy rate was 6.4%. 28,707 people (60.1% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 18,654 people (39.0%) lived in rental housing units.

According to the 2010 United States Census, Covina had a median household income of $66,818, with 11.4% of the population living below the federal poverty line. [15]

An additional 31,072 residents live in zip codes associated with Covina but outside the city limits, making the total Covina area population 78,868 at the time of the 2010 census. [16]

2000[edit]

As of the census[17] of 2000, there were 46,837 people, 15,971 households, and 11,754 families residing in the city. The population density was 6,723.7 inhabitants per square mile (2,594.5/km²). There were 16,364 housing units at an average density of 2,349.1 per square mile (906.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 62.10% White, 5.03% Black or African American, 0.90% Native American, 9.82% Asian, 0.21% Pacific Islander, 17.18% from other races, and 4.78% from two or more races. 40.29% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.[9]

There were 15,971 households out of which 38.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.6% were married couples living together, 16.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.4% were non-families. 20.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.89 and the average family size was 3.36.[9]

In the city the population was spread out with 28.1% under the age of 18, 9.5% from 18 to 24, 31.1% from 25 to 44, 20.4% from 45 to 64, and 10.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 92.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.0 males.[9]

The median income for a household in the city was $48,474, and the median income for a family was $55,111. Males had a median income of $40,687 versus $32,329 for females. The per capita income for the city was $20,231. About 8.9% of families and 11.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.4% of those under age 18 and 6.9% of those age 65 or over.[9]

An additional 30,000 residents live in unincorporated areas of the three zip codes associated with Covina but outside the city limits, making the total Covina area population 76,417.

Government and infrastructure[edit]

Local government in Covina is run by an elected city council through their hired city manager. Covina residents are represented at-large, currently by the following elected officials: Mayor Peggy Delach, Mayor Pro Tem John King, Councilmember Jorge Marquez, Councilmember Kevin Stapleton, Councilmember Walt Allen III, City Clerk Mary Lou Walczak, City Treasurer Geoffrey Cobbett.

In the state legislature, Covina is located in the 24th Senate District, represented by Democrat Edward P. Hernandez, and in the 48th Assembly District, represented by Democrat Roger Hernandez.

In the United States House of Representatives, Covina is in California's 32nd congressional district, represented by Democrat Grace Napolitano.[18]

Covinians who access county health services may use the Pomona Health Center in Pomona or the Monrovia Health Center in Monrovia, both operated by the Los Angeles County Department of Health Services.[19][20]

Economy[edit]

Top employers[edit]

According to the City's 2009 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[21] the top employers in the city are:

# Employer # of Employees
1 Covina Valley Unified School District 1,291
2 Citrus Valley Medical Center 1,139
3 Charter Oak Unified School District 584
4 Wal-Mart 286
5 Magan Medical Clinic 270
6 City of Covina 268
7 Bert's Mega Mall 220
8 Pall Medical 202
9 MedLegal 193
10 IKEA 186

Appearances in fiction[edit]

Covina is the fictional setting for the Harold Teen comic strip and 1934 movie that depicted several teenagers from Covina High School. A downtown Covina malt shop was named the Sugar Bowl (with the permission of the artist Carl Eds), imitating the after-school gathering place in the comic strip.

Movie locations[edit]

Scenes from several movies were filmed in Covina, including:

  • The television series Roswell was filmed in various location in Covina[22] including the downtown area on North Citrus Avenue. City Hall, Charter Oak High School and several other businesses and residences served as locations for the fictional version of the town of Roswell, NM.
  • Multiple episodes of the hit television series Knight Rider were filmed in Downtown "Old" Covina, including an episode coincidentally shot at Knight's Photo Studio on Citrus, where David Hasselhoff greeted fans and passed out signed photographs.
  • One of the ending shots of the movie Frailty was filmed on Center St. off of Hollenbeck.
  • The Bohemian Rhapsody scene from the film Wayne's World was filmed on Citrus Ave. in downtown Covina, although some external shots were filmed in other locations.
  • The "Grey Poupon" scene from Wayne's World was shot on Citrus Avenue. Covina Hobby was visible in the background. Having two cars side-by-side reflect (incorrectly) that the main drag was four lanes.
  • The "cruising" portion of Hometown USA was filmed on Citrus Avenue.
  • The interior of Covina Public Library served as the Baltimore County Public Library for the 2004 television movie Back When We Were Grownups.
  • An episode of Tabatha's Salon Takeover was filmed in Downtown "Old" Covina at Tantrum on Citrus Avenue.
  • The theater in downtown Covina (refurbished in 2008), the library and neighborhood streets around downtown were used in the filming of "High School USA" - a movie starring Michael J. Fox and Nancy McKeon in 1983.
  • Small independent film Small Time starring Christopher Meloni and Bridget Moynahan was filmed at Clippinger Chevrolet (used to be at) San Bernardino Road and Citrus Avenue in Downtown Covina

Notable residents[edit]

Former Covina resident Ellen Beach Yaw in The Rose of Persia.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "California Cities by Incorporation Date" (Word). California Association of Local Agency Formation Commissions. Retrieved August 25, 2014. 
  2. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer File - Places - California". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 19, 2014. 
  3. ^ "USPS - ZIP Code Lookup - Find a ZIP+ 4 Code By City Results". Retrieved 2007-01-18. 
  4. ^ "Number Administration System - NPA and City/Town Search Results". Retrieved 2007-01-18. 
  5. ^ Covina Argus, May 4, 1912, p. 5, c. 2.
  6. ^ a b c d http://www.covina.com/about.htm
  7. ^ Pitt, Leonard, and Dale Pitt. Los Angeles A to Z : an encyclopedia of the city and county. Berkeley, Calif. : University of California Press, 1997. ISBN 0-520-20274-0
  8. ^ "North Azusa". City of Covina: The Tour. Retrieved 2007-05-04. "During the summer of 1999 the Covina AMC 30 Theater was ranked 28th in the United States in attendance." 
  9. ^ a b c d e f g http://www.covinacalifornia.com/local/cityinfo.html
  10. ^ "Coroner: Ninth body found in ruins of 'Santa massacre' home". CNN. 2008-12-26. Retrieved 2008-12-26. "The car was parked outside a Sylmar, California, home where Bruce Jeffrey Pardo, 45, committed suicide hours after he opened fire at a holiday party and then started a raging blaze inside a Covina, California, home, police said." 
  11. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  12. ^ Climate Summary for Covina, California
  13. ^ "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - Covina city". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2014. 
  14. ^ http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/06/0616742.html.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  15. ^ http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/06/0616742.html.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  16. ^ http://zip-codes.com/zip-code-statistics.asp.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  17. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  18. ^ "California's 32nd Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC. 
  19. ^ "Pomona Health Center." Los Angeles County Department of Health Services. Retrieved on March 27, 2010.
  20. ^ "Monrovia Health Center." Retrieved on March 27, 2010.
  21. ^ City of Covina CAFR
  22. ^ Roswell Filming Locations
  23. ^ Ramsey, Alice Huyler. Veil, duster and tire iron. Covina, Calif. : Printed at the Castle Press, 1961.

External links[edit]