|• Mayor||Bradley D. Crain (R)|
|• Total||1.18 sq mi (3.06 km2)|
|• Land||1.18 sq mi (3.06 km2)|
|• Water||0 sq mi (0 km2)|
|Elevation||564 ft (172 m)|
|• Estimate (2012)||2,634|
|• Density||2,241.5/sq mi (865.4/km2)|
|Time zone||EST (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0433050|
Fountain County was formed on April 1, 1826. Later that year, the county seat was established at Covington, and a two-story frame courthouse was built in 1827. The location of the county seat was a point of contention for some years, as Covington was not centrally located in the county. In 1831 an act was passed that called for the relocation of the county seat, but after further discussion it was decided that it should remain where it was. Eventually the coming of the railroads helped to alleviate the geographical concern. A brick courthouse was completed in 1833.
Covington is located at  It lies in the west part of Fountain County along the Wabash River, where U.S. Route 136 crosses the river. Interstate 74 passes about 0.5 miles (0.80 km) to the south of the city.(40.140518, -87.393106).
According to the 2010 census, the city has a total area of 1.18 square miles (3.1 km2), all land.
As of the census of 2010, there were 2,645 people, 1,120 households, and 712 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,241.5 inhabitants per square mile (865.4 /km2). There were 1,197 housing units at an average density of 1,014.4 per square mile (391.7 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 97.6% White, 0.2% African American, 0.5% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 0.4% from other races, and 1.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.1% of the population.
There were 1,120 households of which 28.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.8% were married couples living together, 11.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.4% had a male householder with no wife present, and 36.4% were non-families. 32.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.25 and the average family size was 2.83.
The median age in the city was 44 years. 22.4% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.5% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 22% were from 25 to 44; 25.4% were from 45 to 64; and 23.6% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 46.8% male and 53.2% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 2,565 people, 1,092 households, and 714 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,196.1 people per square mile (846.5/km²). There were 1,175 housing units at an average density of 1,006.0 per square mile (387.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 98.75% White, 0.04% African American, 0.12% Native American, 0.39% Asian, 0.23% from other races, and 0.47% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.51% of the population.
There were 1,092 households out of which 26.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.8% were married couples living together, 9.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.6% were non-families. 31.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.23 and the average family size was 2.79.
In the city the population was spread out with 20.9% under the age of 18, 7.2% from 18 to 24, 24.7% from 25 to 44, 25.2% from 45 to 64, and 21.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 88.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 80.1 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $40,432, and the median income for a family was $48,792. Males had a median income of $32,313 versus $24,079 for females. The per capita income for the city was $20,776. About 3.6% of families and 7.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.1% of those under age 18 and 7.5% of those age 65 or over.
The Covington Community School Corporation consists of one elementary school, one middle school, and one high school, all located within Covington.
Interstate 74 passes by the south edge of Covington, traveling east toward Indianapolis, Indiana, and west toward Champaign, Illinois. U.S. Route 136 passes through the middle of town, traveling west toward Danville, Illinois, and east toward Veedersburg.
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-11.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-11.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-25.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- Clifton 1913, p. 63–65.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "2010 Census U.S. Gazetteer Files for Places – Indiana". United States Census. Retrieved 2012-04-21.
- "Covington Community School Corporation". Retrieved 2012-07-04.
- Beckwith, H. W. (1881). History of Fountain County, together with historic notes on the Wabash Valley. Chicago: H. H. Hill and N. Iddings, Publishers.
- Clifton, Thomas, ed. (1913). Past and Present of Fountain and Warren Counties Indiana. Indianapolis: B. F. Bowen and Company. pp. 25–200. Retrieved 2010-09-19.
- Covington Business Association
- City of Covington
- Covington Community Foundation
- Covington Circle Trail