Covington Township, Clearfield County, Pennsylvania
Map of Clearfield County, Pennsylvania highlighting Covington Township
Map of Clearfield County, Pennsylvania
|• Total||52.5 sq mi (136.0 km2)|
|• Density||11.9/sq mi (4.6/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 52.5 square miles (136 km2), of which, 52.4 square miles (136 km2) of it is land and 0.2 square miles (0.52 km2) of it (0.29%) is water.
- Guenot Settlement
- Rolling Stone
As of the census of 2000, there were 621 people, 232 households, and 167 families residing in the township. The population density was 11.9 people per square mile (4.6/km²). There were 431 housing units at an average density of 8.2/sq mi (3.2/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 99.36% White, 0.32% from other races, and 0.32% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.32% of the population.
There were 232 households out of which 29.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.2% were married couples living together, 6.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.0% were non-families. 22.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.66 and the average family size was 3.10.
In the township the population was spread out with 22.7% under the age of 18, 8.4% from 18 to 24, 28.7% from 25 to 44, 25.8% from 45 to 64, and 14.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 98.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.8 males.
The median income for a household in the township was $38,438, and the median income for a family was $42,917. Males had a median income of $28,000 versus $21,161 for females. The per capita income for the township was $16,964. About 7.6% of families and 12.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.9% of those under age 18 and 11.5% of those age 65 or over.
The village of Frenchville within the township was begun in 1835 by French settlers from Normandy and Picardy. The village has a small population, and the local dialect evolved in isolation until being “rediscovered” by linguists in the 1960s. The Frenchville and neighboring Girard Township francophones spoke a distinct dialect of North American French that presently is moribund.
The village of Frenchville within the township was begun in 1835 by French settlers from Haunte Marne and [Haunte Saone]. The village has a small population, and the local dialect evolved in isolation until being “rediscovered” by linguists in the 1960s. The Frenchville and neighboring Girard Township francophones spoke a distinct dialect of North American French that presently is moribund.
Mrs Mignot was in error with this assumption. A very few original settlers came from Normandy or the west coast of France. A few came from Germany but the vast majority came from the Haute Marne region in Northeastern France. The archives at Chaumont have most of the names of the early (1830-1840) immigrants who bought land on credit and sight unseen from a Polish agent a rich man named Keating had commissioned to attract settlers to the vast property in the high elevation region of Central Pennsylvania he had claimed in a defaulted loan. This region was thickly covered with the largest white pine trees in the world but had no value without manpower to harvest them. He was successful in attracting enough settlers, including my great-grandfather, from the oppressed peasantry of France. I have copies of some of the archives containing many of the names of the original settlers. I found my great grandfather's name in the indigent files, indicating he did not have the funds to pay passport application fees for his wife, two small female children, his mother and aunt. One of the girls died during the three month passage from Le Harve but upon their arrival at Philadelphia had a male child, my grandfather, born on the water in 1835. My ancestors came from a small village named 'Rougeux' in Haute Marne about 40 miles north of Dijon—my own surname. The last fluent French speakers still residing at Frenchville, two brothers, have recently died, thus ending this unique situation after nearly 200 years. I have written a book titled "The Long Journey" with these and many other interesting facts about this migration. Don Rougeux 10605 Stonebreaker Rd Louisville, KY 40291
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Notes and references
- Bullock, Barbara E. French in Pennsylvania. 2010.
- King, Ruth Elizabeth. The Lexical Basis of Grammatical Borrowing. 2000.
- Merat, Frank. Prof. Merat’s Frenchville Page. 2002.
- Mignot, Margaret (née Bilotte). History of the French Settlers in Covington and Girard Townships. 1968.
- Pitzer, Sarah. American Gallic — The Mystery of Frenchville. Today Magazine:Philadelphia Inquirer. 1974.
- Louder, Dean. Le dernier francophone à Frenchville, PA. 2004. (French)