Cowboys-Stadium

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Cowboys Stadium)
Jump to: navigation, search
Cowboys Stadium
AT&T Stadium, Jerry World, The Death Star
Cowboys stadium.JPG
Exterior, July 2009
Former names Cowboys Stadium (2009–2013)
Location One Legends Way
Arlington, Texas 76011[1]
United States
Coordinates 32°44′52″N 97°5′34″W / 32.74778°N 97.09278°W / 32.74778; -97.09278Coordinates: 32°44′52″N 97°5′34″W / 32.74778°N 97.09278°W / 32.74778; -97.09278
Owner City of Arlington[2]
Operator Dallas Cowboys
Executive suites 342[3]
Capacity Football: 80,000 (expandable to 105,000 with standing room)[4][5]
Record attendance

Football: 105,121
September 21, 2009
Dallas Cowboys vs. New York Giants
Basketball: 108,713
February 14, 2010
2010 NBA All-Star Game

Boxing: 50,994
March 13, 2010
Manny Pacquiao vs. Joshua Clottey
Surface Matrix artificial turf[6]
Tenants
Dallas Cowboys (NFL) (2009 – present)
Cotton Bowl Classic (NCAA FBS) (2009 – present)
Construction
Broke ground September 20, 2005
Opened May 27, 2009[14]
Construction cost $ 1.3 billion[7]
($1.43 billion in 2014 dollars[8])
Architect HKS, Inc.[9]
Project manager Blue Star Development/Jack Hill[10]
Structural engineer Walter P Moore Engineers and Consultants
Campbell & Associates Consulting Engineers, Inc.[11]
Services engineer M-E Engineers, Inc.[12]
General contractor Manhattan/Rayco/3i[13]

Cowboys Stadium , officially known as AT&T Stadium, is a government owned stadium with a retractable roof in Arlington, Texas, United States. It serves as the home of the Dallas Cowboys of the National Football League. It replaced the partially covered Texas Stadium, which opened in 1971 and served as the Cowboys' home through the 2008 season. It was completed on May 27, 2009. The facility can also be used for a variety of other activities outside of its main purpose (professional football) such as concerts, basketball games, college football and high school football contests, soccer matches, and motocross races.

The stadium is sometimes referred to as "Jerry World" after Dallas Cowboys owner Jerry Jones, who originally envisioned it as a large entertainment mecca.[15] The stadium seats 80,000, making it the fourth largest stadium in the NFL by seating capacity. The maximum capacity of the stadium, including standing room, is 105,000. The Party Pass (open areas) sections are behind seats in each end zone and on a series of six elevated platforms connected by stairways.[4][16] It also has the world's largest column-free interior and the fourth largest high definition video screen, which hangs from 20-yard line to 20-yard line.[17]

Construction and design[edit]

The stadium was designed by the Dallas architectural firm HKS, Inc.[18] Besides the Cowboys, the new stadium is used by college football teams and other organizations for other sporting and non-sporting events. The Cotton Bowl Classic was moved to the stadium beginning in 2010.[19]

AT&T Stadium – Interior

Originally estimated to cost $650 million, the stadium's current construction cost was $1.15 billion,[20] making it one of the most expensive sports venues ever built. To aid Cowboys owner and general manager Jerry Jones in paying the construction costs of the new stadium, Arlington voters approved the increase of the city's sales tax by 0.5 percent, the hotel occupancy tax by 2 percent, and car rental tax by 5 percent. The City of Arlington provided over $325 million (including interest) in bonds as funding,[20][21] and Jones covered any cost overruns. Also, the NFL provided the Cowboys with an additional $150 million loan, following its policy for facilitating financing for the construction of new stadiums.[22]

A pair of nearly 300 ft (91 m)-tall arches spans the length of the stadium dome, anchored to the ground at each end. The new stadium also includes "more than 3,000 Sony LCD displays throughout the luxury suites, concourses, concession areas and more, offering fans viewing options that extend beyond the action on the field".[23] and a center-hung video display board that was the largest high-definition television screen in the world.[24] It has since been surpassed in size by the video board at Texas Motor Speedway.[25] Glass doors, allowing each end zone to be opened, were designed and constructed by Dallas-based Haley-Greer glass systems.

The retractable roof was designed by structural engineering firm Walter P Moore and the systems were implemented by mechanization consultants Uni-Systems. The electrification of Cowboys Stadium's retractable roof was developed by VAHLE, Inc.[26] These Kinetic Architecture fundamentals will be employed in order to create quick conversions of the facility to accommodate a variety of events. When the design was officially unveiled on December 12, 2006, it showed that, from inside the stadium, the roof (membrane installed by K Post Company of Dallas)[27] will look very similar to the Texas Stadium roof, with its trademark hole. However, it can be covered by the retractable roof panel to protect against the elements.

A Dallas Cowboys Hall of Fame is planned for the Hall of Fame level. The drawings also include a site for a large sculpture northeast of the stadium, close to Randol Mill Road.

Criticism[edit]

The stadium is the only NFL stadium that is completely inaccessible via public transportation, including bus, light rail, or people mover systems.[dubious ] This is partly because for a long time, Arlington was the largest city in the United States with no mass transit system; much of the sales tax money that would normally go towards building one is being used to pay for both AT&T Stadium and Rangers Ballpark in Arlington[28] Even with the construction of the MAX bus system, the only way to get to the stadium is via car or private shuttle. On September 1, 2012, thousands of fans were forced to wait in hours-long taxi lines after the Alabama vs. Michigan football game.[29]

Mayor Robert Cluck claimed to use eminent domain as a last resort but most of the properties refused to sell to the city, indicating that the incentive program as not adequate according to Glenn Sodd, an attorney representing some home owners in the area. Attorney Bob Cohen, who is representing some of the property owners, said the city gave many of his clients little incentive to sell. He said he represents the owners of some rental properties who were counting on that monthly revenue for their retirement and said most homeowners can't afford to re-build or buy in that area with the incentive package.[30]

Timeline[edit]

  • 1994: Cowboys owner Jerry Jones says he wants to expand the 65,000-seat Texas Stadium by up to 40,000 seats, add retractable roof panels and install a climate-control system to make the stadium a year-round venue for sporting events, including the Super Bowl, concerts, and conventions.
  • 1997–2000: The Cowboys hold preliminary talks with Arlington officials about building a stadium there. The team also publicly discusses a $260 million plan to upgrade Texas Stadium. In 2000, the Cowboys compile a list of potential stadium sites, which include Grapevine, Coppell, and Arlington. The team continues negotiating with Irving to renovate Texas Stadium.
  • 2001: Jones says Arlington is a leading contender for a $500 million stadium. The primary site considered is the 2,000 acres (810 ha) Lakes of Arlington tract on Farm Road 157. Other cities in the running include Grapevine and Grand Prairie. In October, Jones discusses the new stadium with the mayors of Arlington, Irving, Grapevine, and Dallas.
  • 2003: The Cowboys ask the Irving City Council to extend their lease at Texas Stadium, which expires at the end of the 2008 season, on a year-to-year basis. They narrow their search to sites in Las Colinas and Dallas, and state legislators file bills that would allow Dallas County to increase its hotel occupancy and car rental taxes to pay for a new stadium.
  • 2004: In April, the Cowboys announce plans to build a $650 million stadium at Fair Park in Dallas. The deal requires $425 million in public financing from a 3 percent hotel-occupancy tax and a 6 percent car-rental tax. The deal falls apart in June when Dallas County commissioners say they cannot justify asking voters to approve the team's request for $425 million in public funding. In July, the Cowboys and Arlington announce they are negotiating to locate the stadium near Globe Life Park (then Ameriquest Field). In August, the Arlington City Council agrees unanimously to put before voters a tax increase that would fund the city's $325 million portion of the project. Voters approve the tax increase on November 2.
  • 2005: Arlington and the Cowboys choose the site south of Randol Mill Road and east of Collins Street for the new stadium. The city begins notifying residents and property owners of its plans to acquire their property. The Cowboys hire the HKS architectural firm to design the stadium. Early blueprints show 414 luxury suites and a two-panel retractable roof. The city completes its sale of $297.9 million in bonds to pay for its portion of the construction. Demolition of houses begins November 1.
  • January 2006: The Cowboys hired Oklahoma-based Manhattan Construction as the general contractor for the stadium and the city completes its land purchases, although it still faces a number of lawsuits over land acquisition. Later that month, Tarrant County work crews begin demolition of more than 150 Arlington residences and small business structures to make room for the stadium.[31]
  • March 2006: Alliance announced between Manhattan Construction and two general contractors, Rayco Construction of Grand Prairie and 3i Construction of Dallas, to manage the stadium's construction.[32]
  • April 2006: Excavation begins by Mario Sinacola and Sons Excavating. By August, they had moved over 1.4 million cubic yards of earth, shaping a 13-to-14-acre (5.3 to 5.7 ha) stadium bowl an average of 54 feet (16 m) deep.[33]
  • August 2006: Two construction cranes are raised on the site.
  • October 2006: The grass amphitheater on Randol Mill Road is leveled to make way for the extension of Baird Farm Road.
  • December 2006: The stadium's structure begins to go up and on December 12, Jerry Jones unveils the in-depth plans and designs of the stadium to the public.
  • January 2007: A construction worker is injured in a 20 ft (6 m) fall.[34]
  • February 2007: Masonry work begins.
  • March 2007: Heldenfels Enterprises awarded the contract to manufacture and erect the pre-cast/pre-stressed concrete structural components and placement of them begins in April.[35]
  • June 2007: Work on the retractable roof, designed by Uni-Systems, starts.
  • July 2007: Exterior facade and enclosure work began.
  • October 2007: First steel arch is completed.
Armed Forces Color Guard at Super Bowl XLV
  • February 2008: Second steel arch is completed.
  • June 2008: Jones commissions the world's largest 1080p HDTV,[36] to hang above field.
  • June 2008: An electrician is electrocuted while working on the stadium. Two days before, three people were injured while assembling a crane.
  • 2009: The stadium is scheduled for 'substantial completion' in June. The artificial-turf field was brought into the stadium in July. The Cowboys played their first pre-season home game on August 21 and their first regular-season home game on Sunday, September 20.
  • May 13, 2009: Jerry Jones announced the official name of the new venue as Cowboys Stadium.[37]
  • February 6, 2011: The 2010 NFL Season Super Bowl was hosted at the Cowboys Stadium, which saw the Green Bay Packers defeat the Pittsburgh Steelers in Super Bowl XLV.
  • July 25, 2013: Jerry Jones announced that the official name of the venue was changed to AT&T Stadium as part of a naming rights deal.
  • January 12, 2015: Serve as host of the first National Bowl College Championship game in the College Football Playoff era.

Opening[edit]

  • July 19, 2009: The first sporting event is held in Cowboys Stadium. Costa Rica won in the Gold Cup Quarterfinal game versus Guadeloupe, with the first goal scored in stadium history during the 2nd minute by Celso Borges. That match was immediately followed by a sold out match between Mexico and Haiti, with 82,252 in attendance.
  • August 21, 2009: The Cowboys played the Tennessee Titans in their first preseason home game and first American football game ever played at Cowboys Stadium. The game was nationally televised on FOX at 7 PM CDT.[41] Dallas won the game 30–10, with one play from scrimmage blown dead when a ball punted by Titans' rookie punter A. J. Trapasso struck the main video screen after repeatedly striking it during pregame warmups.
  • September 20, 2009: The Cowboys played their first NFL regular season game in the new stadium, with former President and Texas resident George W. Bush handling the opening coin toss. The Cowboys lost to their long-time NFC East division rivals, the New York Giants, 33–31 with Eli Manning leading them on a last second field goal by Lawrence Tynes. It was televised on NBC.[42] This game attracted a record-breaking crowd of 105,121.[43] After the game, Manning signed the wall of the visitor's locker room with the message, "First win in the New Stadium".[44]
  • September 28, 2009: The Cowboys got their first home regular season win. They beat the Carolina Panthers 21–7 with 90,588 in attendance. The game was televised on ESPN's Monday Night Football and marked a record 42nd win for the Cowboys on MNF.[45]

Naming[edit]

Although the stadium had yet to sell naming rights, many fans started referring to the project with various nicknames such as JerryWorld,[37][46][47][48] the "Death Star",[49] "The Palace in Dallas" (for which announcer Bob Costas was criticized by the Arlington mayor[50]), "Cowboys Cathedral",[51] "Jerrassic Park" and others.[52] There was also a petition by some fans to have the stadium named after longtime Cowboys' coach Tom Landry.

On May 13, 2009, Jerry Jones announced the official name as Cowboys Stadium.[37]

On July 25, 2013, Jerry Jones announced that the Dallas Cowboys had agreed to grant naming rights to AT&T, changing the name of Cowboys Stadium to AT&T Stadium, effective immediately.[53] The sponsorship deal was reported to be worth about $17–19 million per year.[54] This is AT&T's fourth major sports venue where it holds the naming rights, which includes San Francisco's AT&T Park, San Antonio's AT&T Center, and Jones AT&T Stadium in Lubbock.

Facility Solutions Group installed the "AT&T Stadium" letters on the top of the stadium. Signage includes two sets of 43-foot-tall letters stretching 385 feet. The letters are made of lightweight components and aluminum and are insulated and heated to melt ice and snow.[55]

Video Board[edit]

Guinness World Records was on hand at the September 28, 2009 game against the Carolina Panthers to award certificates to the Chairman of Mitsubishi Electric and Dallas Cowboys owner Jerry Jones for the World's Largest High-Definition Video Display.[24] For basketball events played in Cowboys Stadium, such as the 2010 NBA All-Star Game, the video board is actually larger than the court. It has since been surpassed in size by the video board at Charlotte Motor Speedway and the video display at NRG Stadium.

During the debut preseason game of Cowboys Stadium on August 21, 2009, a punt by Tennessee Titans punter A. J. Trapasso hit the 2,100 in. screen above the field. The punt deflected backwards and was ruled in-play until Titans coach Jeff Fisher informed the officials that the punt struck the scoreboard. By rule, the down was replayed. Cowboys owner Jerry Jones believes that Trapasso was trying to hit the scoreboard, saying "If you look at how you punt the football, unless you're trying to hit the scoreboard, you punt the ball to get downfield. You certainly want to get some hangtime, but you punt the ball to get downfield, and you sure don't punt the ball down the middle. You punt it off to the side."[56] Whether the screen would affect an opposing team's punting strategy has been debated. For teams with strategies centered on maximizing hang-time, physicist Christopher Moore of Longwood University has shown via computer simulation that well-kicked punts have the potential to hit the screen no matter the field position.[57] Trapasso disputed Jones' suggestion that he was intentionally trying to hit the board, and other NFL punters have suggested that the board may pose a problem for longer hang-time punts. The screen was retrofitted with 16 custom winches using 11,000 ft. of 1-1/2" domestic galvanized wire rope to accomplish the safe, efficient transport of the video board in time to make room for U2's massive set during their 360° Tour, and was moved back down after the concert. The video board is also the primary attachment point for up to 370,000 pounds of concert and theatrical rigging.

On August 24, 2013, Cowboys punter Chris Jones became the second player to hit the scoreboard. He would concede a touchdown on the re-kick.[58]

Major events[edit]

NBA All-Star Weekend[edit]

On February 14, 2010, the stadium hosted the 2010 NBA All-Star Game. With an announced crowd of 108,713, the game became the highest-attended basketball game in history, setting a new Guinness World Record. The East squad prevailed with a 141–139 victory over the West.[59]

NFL[edit]

Cowboys playing at Cowboys Stadium
  • On January 3, 2010, the Cowboys defeated the Philadelphia Eagles in a 24 – 0 shutout to win the NFC East division title and complete the first ever back-to-back shutouts in franchise history.[60]
  • On January 9, 2010, the Cowboys hosted their first playoff game in the new stadium, again playing the Eagles. Dallas won 34–14, breaking their infamous 13-year playoff win drought. However a new drought has started, as since 2011 the Cowboys have not reached the playoffs.
  • On February 6, 2011, the stadium hosted Super Bowl XLV. Others bidding for the game's location were the University of Phoenix Stadium in Glendale, Arizona and Lucas Oil Stadium in Indianapolis, Indiana.[61] The Cowboys attempted to increase its capacity to 105,000 seats in hopes of setting the record for attendance at a Super Bowl. In a last-minute rush to add seats during one of the area's notorious ice-storms, seven construction workers were injured by ice sliding off of the stadium roof.[62] Hours before kickoff, over 1,200 seats were blocked off in the interest of safety; according to a police officer in the affected area, the seats hadn't been finished in time for the fire marshal to inspect them.[63] Approximately 800 people were given other seats inside the stadium, thus costing the NFL any chance of setting the Super Bowl attendance record (the final figure of 103,219 came 766 short of the record set in Super Bowl XIV). However, about 400 people were unable to be seated and were given a letter from the NFL that could be exchanged for three times the face value of the ticket. Those people were also given the option to either watch on a TV in one of the stadium's lounges, where they would be unable to see the field in person, or watch on screens outside the stadium. The NFL also announced that those 400 people would receive free tickets to the next year's Super Bowl. On February 9, 2011, the first lawsuit was filed against the NFL and Jerry Jones.[64]

College football[edit]

Big 12 Championship Game[edit]

University of Texas marching band during the Big 12 Championship game
  • December 4, 2010: The final Big 12 Championship game is held at the stadium. The Oklahoma Sooners and Nebraska Cornhuskers rekindle their rivalry as the Sooners win 23–20.
  • The Big 12 championship game is no longer held because of NCAA rules requiring that a conference have twelve members in order to stage a football title game. Two members left the conference in 2011, reducing the number of teams to 10.

Cotton Bowl Classic[edit]

Main article: Cotton Bowl Classic
  • January 2, 2010: In the first bowl game played at the stadium, the Ole Miss Rebels defeated the Oklahoma State Cowboys by a score of 21–7 in the 74th installment of the AT&T Cotton Bowl Classic. Attendance was 77,928 and was the third largest attendance of any preceding Cotton Bowl game. With Oklahoma State having played in the Cotton Bowl, all Big 12 South Teams have played at least one game in the Cowboys Stadium.[66]
  • January 7, 2011: In the 75th installment of the AT&T Cotton Bowl Classic, the LSU Tigers by a score of 41–24 defeated the Texas A&M Aggies with an outstanding attendance of 83,514 making it the second largest attendance in Cotton Bowl history. LSU finished with an 11–2 record Texas A&M finished 9–4 making it their 49th meeting all time.
  • January 6, 2012: The Arkansas Razorbacks defeated Kansas State Wildcats by a score of 29 - 16. Attendance was 80,956, currently the third-highest attendance in Cotton Bowl history. During the game, Arkansas receiver Joe Adams returned a punt 51 yards for a touchdown, which was the first punt return for a touchdown in the Cotton Bowl since former Arkansas Razorback Lance Alworth returned a punt 49 yards for a touchdown in a 7-6 loss to Duke in 1961. The win also propelled the Razorbacks to a #5 ranking in the final AP poll and gave them their first 11-win season since joining the Southeastern Conference in 1991. Kansas State ended the season with a 10-3 record and ranked #15 in the final AP poll.
  • January 4, 2013: The #10 Texas A&M Aggies defeated the #12 Oklahoma Sooners 41–13 to finish the season with an 11–2 record. Johnny Manziel rushed for 229 yards (on just 17 carries) during the game, a Cotton Bowl record and national bowl record for a quarterback, rushing for two touchdowns and throwing for two more. Manziel totaled 516 total yards also a Cotton Bowl record. Though the halftime score was 14–13 Texas A&M, the Aggies went on to score 27 unanswered second half points to win the game. The game's attendance of 87,025 is the second highest in Cotton Bowl history, behind the 2009 game between Mississippi-Texas Tech at 88,175.

Cowboys Classic[edit]

Main article: Cowboys Classic

Southwest Classic[edit]

The Arkansas Razorbacks vs. Texas A&M Aggies football rivalry, which dates back to 1903, was renewed in 2009 as the Southwest Classic which is played annually in Cowboys Stadium. In 2012, Texas A&M joined Arkansas in the Southeastern Conference, and the series will take a two-year break from Cowboys Stadium, moving to Kyle Field in College Station, Texas for 2012 and Donald W. Reynolds Razorback Stadium in Fayetteville, Arkansas in 2013. The series is scheduled to return to Cowboys Stadium in 2014 and remain there through at least 2020.

  • October 3, 2009: Cowboys owner Jerry Jones watched his alma mater, the Arkansas Razorbacks, defeat the Texas A&M Aggies 47–19 in the first of ten games called the Southwest Classic to be played at the stadium.[69]
  • October 9, 2010: The Arkansas Razorbacks jumped out to an early 21-7 lead, and held on to defeat the Texas A&M Aggies by a score of 24-17.[70]
  • October 1, 2011: The Arkansas Razorbacks rallied from an 18 point halftime deficit to defeat the Texas A&M Aggies 41-38.[71]

Texas Farm Bureau Insurance Shootout[edit]

In 2009, the Big 12 Conference game between the Baylor Bears and Texas Tech Red Raiders was held at Cowboys Stadium, the first time in the series the match-up was held on a neutral site. The game was the highest attended in the series' history, with 71,964 in attendance.[72]

After the 2010 game was held at the Cotton Bowl in Fair Park, Dallas during the State Fair of Texas, the series will return to Cowboys Stadium for the 2011 and 2012 games. The series' neutral site contract at Cowboys Stadium could continue until 2014.[73]

Basketball[edit]

Cowboys Stadium being set up for Texas vs. North Carolina game
  • December 19, 2009: In the first college basketball game at the stadium, before a crowd of 38,052, the Texas Longhorns defeated the defending national champion North Carolina Tar Heels, 103–90.[74]

Soccer[edit]

  • July 19, 2009 – Cowboys Stadium hosted two matches in the quarterfinal round of the 2009 CONCACAF Gold Cup. Costa Rica defeated Guadeloupe, 5–1. Mexico shut out Haiti, 4–0 in front of 85,000 fans.
  • July 17, 2010 – On July 17, 2010, two of the top professional soccer clubs in Mexico – Club America and San Luis F.C. – will compete in a friendly at Cowboys Stadium. Club America will be making its second appearance at Cowboys Stadium. In 2009, Club America played Chelsea FC in the World Football Challenge in front of 57,229 fans at Cowboys Stadium.[77]

September 9, 2010 – FIFA inspectors and commissioners of the U.S. soccer federation visited the stadium to be possible one of the venues of the 2022 FIFA World Cup which it remained Qatar.

  • June 5, 2011 – Cowboys Stadium hosted the opening matches of the 2011 CONCACAF Gold Cup. Costa Rica defeated Cuba 5–0 in the opener, while Mexico defeated El Salvador 5–0 in the nightcap in front of 80,108 fans.
  • July 24, 2013 - Cowboys Stadium hosted the semifinals matches of the 2013 CONCACAF Gold Cup. United States defeated Honduras 3-1 and Panama defeated Mexico 2-1 last game with the name of Cowboys Stadium, It is the first appearance of the U.S. soccer team at this stadium, will remember that the November 21, 1991 only played one match against Costa Rica in Texas Stadium of Irving.

Matches at AT&T Stadium[edit]

Date Competition Team Result Team Spectators
19 July 2009 2009 CONCACAF Gold Cup  Guadeloupe 1-5  Costa Rica 85.000
 Mexico 4-0  Haiti
26 July 2009 2009 World Football Challenge England Chelsea FC 2-0 Mexico Club America 57.229
17 July 2010 Friendly Mexico Club America 0-3 Mexico San Luis F.C. 57,229
5 June 2011 2011 CONCACAF Gold Cup  Cuba 0-5  Costa Rica 80,108
 Mexico 5-0  El Salvador
6 August 2011 2011 World Football Challenge Spain FC Barcelona 2-0 Mexico Club America 60.087
3 June 2012 Friendly  Mexico 2-0  Brazil 84.519
24 July 2013 2013 CONCACAF Gold Cup  United States 3-1  Honduras 81,410
 Mexico 1-2  Panama
31 May 2014 Friendly  Mexico 3-1  Ecuador 84,876

Other events[edit]

  • June 6, 2009 – Country music legend George Strait headlined in a summer concert at the opening of Cowboys Stadium along with performances by Reba McEntire, Blake Shelton, and Lee Ann Womack. 60,188 fans were in attendance, with the stadium project not entirely complete.
  • August 19, 2009 – Paul McCartney concluded his Summer Live '09 Tour at the stadium. This concert was the first official stadium event after the city of Arlington declared the stadium open.
  • October 12, 2009 – U2 brought their 360° Tour to Cowboys Stadium, with Muse as their opening act. To make room for the large claw shaped stage, the video board was raised 25 feet (7.6 m) and was not used during the concert.[78]
  • November 12, 2009 – The first Texas high school football playoff game played at Cowboys Stadium was between Bowie High School (Arlington, Texas) and Richland High School (North Richland Hills; Texas).[79]
  • February 2010 – The first MDA Muscle Walk in the Dallas/Fort Worth area takes place. This event was held annually, having returned in 2011, 2012, and 2013. That event is now moving to Globe Life Park in Arlington (formerly Rangers Ballpark) starting in 2014.
Several participants walk at the 2013 DFW MDA Muscle Walk.
  • February 27, 2010 – The stadium hosted their first Monster Jam event with 11 trucks. This event is now held annually, having returned in 2011 and scheduled for 2012.
  • June 30, 2011 – The final round of the 2011 US Women's Open in bowling was played at Cowboys Stadium,[82] with Leanne Hulsenberg winning.
  • Dec. 7-Dec. 17, 2011 -Cowboys Stadium hosted all the Texas 11-man football State Championships for the first time It was also the first time all 11-man State Championships were held in one location.
  • April 28, 2012 - Cowboys Stadium hosted the first opera simulcast in a sports venue in northern Texas when the Dallas Opera's performance of Mozart's "The Magic Flute" was broadcast to an audience of about 15,000 on the Cowboys Stadium video screen from a closed-circuit feed of the live performance at the Winspear Opera House in Dallas about twenty-five miles away.[83]
  • May 25, 2013 - Taylor Swift plays a sold out show to 53,020 people as apart of the North American leg of her Red Tour. This show marked her second sellout at AT&T Stadium.
  • June 7, 2014 George Strait performed his last show ever at the stadium to wrap up the "The Cowboy Rides Away Tour". With Jason Aldean, Alan Jackson, Martina McBride, Kenny Chesney and many more to be openers for his "last show ever". Over 104,793 fans came to see his last concert and breaking the world record as the largest indoor originally set at a 1981 Rolling Stones concert at 87,500 fans at the Louisiana Superdome.

Concessions and merchandising[edit]

On October 20, 2008, Cowboys owner Jones and then New York Yankees owner George Steinbrenner announced a joint business venture called Legends Hospitality Management LLC which would operate the concessions and merchandising sales at the new Cowboys stadium in Arlington, Texas, and at the new Yankee Stadium in the Bronx, New York, along with the stadiums of the Yankees' minor league affiliates. Former Pizza Hut President Michael Rawlings will run the company from its new headquarters in Newark, New Jersey. The company was also backed by Wall Street investment firm Goldman Sachs and Dallas private equity firm CIC Partners LP.[84][85][86]

Stadium Art Program[edit]

The Jones family commissioned 18 contemporary artists to create site-specific artworks for the stadium. The stadium features paintings, sculptures, and installations by Franz Ackerman, Doug Aitken, Ricci Albenda, Mel Bochner, Daniel Buren, Olafur Eliasson, Teresita Fernandez, Wayne Gonzales, Terry Haggerty, Trenton Doyle Hancock, Jacqueline Humphries, Jim Isermann, Annette Lawrence, Dave Muller, Gary Simmons, and Lawrence Weiner.[87]

Parking[edit]

The fees for premium parking at Dallas Cowboys games are estimated at $75 per game, based on season ticket holder parking charges.[88] The fees to park at major concerts and other sporting events will be nearly $40 per space at the new stadium.[89] A shuttle operates between the T&P Station and Cowboys Stadium for all Cowboys regular season and postseason games and selected college football games,[90] which averages approximately 900 riders per game.[90] For special events like Super Bowl XLV parking prices can increase to as much as $990.[91]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Guest Info". Stadium.dallascowboys.com. Retrieved October 27, 2010. 
  2. ^ "FAQ About Dallas Cowboys Project" (PDF). City of Irving. November 4, 2004. Retrieved June 19, 2008. [dead link]
  3. ^ http://www.seats3d.com/nfl/dallas_cowboys/#/level_4/
  4. ^ a b The new Dallas Cowboys Stadium
  5. ^ AT&T Stadium
  6. ^ "New Dallas Cowboys Stadium selects SoftTop grass system from Hellas Construction" (PDF). Dallascowboysturf.com. Hellas Construction. Retrieved May 22, 2009. [dead link]
  7. ^ Mosley, Matt (September 15, 2008). "Jones building a legacy with $1.3 billion Cowboys stadium". Retrieved November 28, 2008. 
  8. ^ Consumer Price Index (estimate) 1800–2014. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. Retrieved February 27, 2014.
  9. ^ Cowboys Stadium
  10. ^ Inspiration: Team Owner Travels World for Design Ideas
  11. ^ Going Long - Modern Steel Construction
  12. ^ M-E Engineers, Inc. - Projects[dead link]
  13. ^ "Cowboys Select Contractor For New Stadium". Dallascowboys.com. January 31, 2006. Retrieved May 12, 2012. [dead link]
  14. ^ "Cowboys Stadium Holds Ribbon Cutting Ceremony". Dallascowboys.com. May 27, 2009. Retrieved June 19, 2009. [dead link]
  15. ^ "What Costs $1.3 Billion, Holds 111,000 people and Has the World’s Biggest TV?". twistedsifter.com. September 22, 2009. Retrieved March 30, 2014. 
  16. ^ "Dallas Cowboys Target NFL Record by Making Fans Stand for $29". Bloomberg.com. August 3, 2009. Retrieved July 5, 2010. 
  17. ^ "Cowboys' new stadium to get over 20,000 square feet of video screen". Engadget. Retrieved February 6, 2011. 
  18. ^ "Arlington Welcomes Dallas Cowboys Selections for New Stadium". City of Arlington. January 31, 2006. Retrieved January 15, 2008. [dead link]
  19. ^ "Cotton Bowl to move to new stadium in Arlington". ESPN.com. February 28, 2007. Retrieved January 15, 2008. 
  20. ^ a b "Cowboys Stadium". Football.ballparks.com. Retrieved February 6, 2011. 
  21. ^ "Local Government Services Database Search". Retrieved 2012-10-19. 
  22. ^ "Cowboys unveil plans for new stadium". ESPN.com. December 13, 2006. Retrieved January 15, 2008. 
  23. ^ "Dallas Cowboys New Stadium Chock Full Of Sony HD". Sony Insider. April 20, 2009. Retrieved February 6, 2011. 
  24. ^ a b Chase, Chris (September 28, 2009). "Guinness World Records to Recognize Dallas Cowboys and Mitsubishi Electric Diamond Vision for World's Largest Video Display". finance.yahoo.com. Retrieved October 8, 2009. [dead link]
  25. ^ Sports News & Articles – Scores, Pictures, Videos - ABC News
  26. ^ "Stadium Systems & Technology : Vahle Electrification". Vahleinc.com. Retrieved May 28, 2012. 
  27. ^ "Snapshot: Key contracts awarded for Dallas Cowboys stadium". Dallas Business Journal. March 6, 2009. Retrieved April 16, 2009. 
  28. ^ Eskenazi, Joe (2010-10-29). "Arlington, Home of the Rangers, Largest City in U.S. Without Public Transit. Blame the Rangers.". SF Weekly. Retrieved 2012-10-19. 
  29. ^ Shon Gales (2012-09-02). "Cab chaos follows Alabama-Michigan game". WFAA. Retrieved 2012-10-19. 
  30. ^ Dallas Morning News: Arlington turning to eminent domain for stadium land.[dead link]
  31. ^ "Demolition Started for Cowboys Stadium". Associated Construction Publications. [dead link]
  32. ^ "Alliance Announced". Associated Construction Publications. [dead link]
  33. ^ "All Up From Here". Associated Construction Publications. [dead link]
  34. ^ "Construction Worker Remains Hospitalized". The Dallas Morning News. [dead link]
  35. ^ "Heldenfels Awarded Contract". Associated Construction Publications. [dead link]
  36. ^ "Dallas Slideshows – Cowboys Unveil World's Largest HDTV". Village Voice Media. 
  37. ^ a b c "New Dallas Cowboys stadium to be called Cowboys Stadium". ESPN. May 13, 2009. Retrieved May 13, 2009. 
  38. ^ "George Strait to Headline Debut of Cowboys Stadium". CBS 11 News/AP. February 17, 2009. Retrieved February 23, 2009. [dead link]
  39. ^ "CONCACAF Gold Cup Attendance Down Slightly From '07". SportsBusiness Daily. July 28, 2009. Retrieved October 19, 2012. 
  40. ^ Archer, Todd (August 20, 2009). "Dean Named PA Announcer for Cowboys Stadium". The Dallas Morning News. Archived from the original on October 28, 2009. Retrieved August 20, 2009. 
  41. ^ "Titans to Host Bucs, Packers in Preseason". The City Paper (Nashville). March 31, 2009. Retrieved May 25, 2009. 
  42. ^ "NFL releases full regular-season schedule". yahoo.com. April 14, 2009. [dead link]
  43. ^ "Football: NFL Sports News at wtvg". Abclocal.go.com. January 23, 2011. Retrieved February 6, 2011. [dead link]
  44. ^ "A Sign of Conquest, Eli Manning's Signature, Remains at Cowboys Stadium". The Dallas Morning News. October 25, 2010. Retrieved May 27, 2012. 
  45. ^ "Cowboys shut down Panthers", ESPN.com, September 28, 2009. Retrieved on September 28, 2009.
  46. ^ "Cowboys Hope New Home Brings NorCal Fans News10.net | Sacramento, California | Sports News". News10.net. June 21, 2009. Retrieved February 6, 2011. 
  47. ^ [1][dead link]
  48. ^ Kreindler, Eric, Hoops Heaven at JerryWorld: Crews prepare for Texas basketball game, December 16, 2009. Retrieved January 10, 2010.
  49. ^ Drape, Joe (January 29, 2011). "For N.F.L., Lockout Would Be a Risky Strategy". The New York Times. 
  50. ^ "Costas reference to "the palace in Dallas" irks Arlington mayor". Cowboys Stadium Blog. Stadiumblog.dallasnews.com. September 22, 2009. Retrieved May 28, 2012. 
  51. ^ Popik, Barry (August 7, 2009). "The Big Apple: Cowboys Cathedral or Cathedral of Football (Dallas Cowboys Stadium in Arlington)". Barrypopik.com. Retrieved May 28, 2012. 
  52. ^ Mosley, Matt (May 22, 2007). "Indy, Arizona had no chance". ESPN.com. Retrieved January 15, 2008. 
  53. ^ "Cowboys Stadium now called AT&T Stadium after deal". NFL.com. July 25, 2013. Retrieved July 25, 2013. 
  54. ^ Staff reports (July 25, 2013). "Report: AT&T naming rights for Dallas Cowboys' stadium $17-19M a year". Dallas Morning News. Retrieved July 26, 2013. 
  55. ^ Nagy, Monica (3 March 2014). "Crews finish mounting massive ‘AT&T’ letters on Cowboys’ stadium". Fort Worth Star-Telegram. Retrieved 22 June 2014. 
  56. ^ Chase, Chris (August 22, 2009). "Punt hits video screen at new Cowboys Stadium – Shutdown Corner – NFL – Yahoo! Sports". Sports.yahoo.com. Retrieved August 26, 2009. 
  57. ^ Archer, Todd (August 25, 2009). "The Cowboys Stadium digital board is a hot topic". The Dallas Morning News. [dead link]
  58. ^ Pre Wk 3 Can't-Miss Play: Cincinnati Bengals receiver Brandon Tate returns re-punt for touchdown
  59. ^ "2010 All-Star Game recap". National Basketball Association. 2011-12-05. Retrieved 2012-11-03. 
  60. ^ "Dallas Cowboys Schedule at". Nfl.com. Retrieved February 6, 2011. 
  61. ^ Spagnola, Mickey (May 22, 2007). "At Long Last, Super Bowl Coming To North Texas". DallasCowboys.com. Archived from the original on December 30, 2007. Retrieved January 15, 2008. 
  62. ^ Williams, Charean (January 29, 2012). "Super Bowl Bound to Return, But When?". Fort Worth Star-Telegram. Retrieved May 21, 2012. 
  63. ^ Sickles, Jason. Fans denied access to seats for Super Bowl. Yahoo! Sports, 2011-02-06.
  64. ^ "Super Bowl Seating Lawsuit: Why Jerry Jones Must Pay the Displaced Fans". February 9, 2011. Retrieved February 9, 2011. 
  65. ^ 8:00 PM ET, December 5, 2009Cowboy Stadium, ARLINGTON, TX (December 5, 2009). "Texas Longhorns vs. Nebraska Cornhuskers – Box Score – December 05, 2009 – ESPN". Scores.espn.go.com. Retrieved February 6, 2011. 
  66. ^ "Oklahoma State Official Athletic Site – Football". Okstate.com. January 2, 2010. Retrieved February 6, 2011. 
  67. ^ Apr 14, 10:22 pm EDT (April 26, 2009). "NFL releases full regular-season schedule – NFL – Yahoo! Sports". Sports.yahoo.com. Retrieved May 5, 2009. [dead link]
  68. ^ Oregon State vs TCU Stats
  69. ^ [2] ESPN.com, October 3, 2009. Retrieved on October 3, 2009.
  70. ^ [3] ESPN.com, October 9, 2010.
  71. ^ [4] ESPN.com, October 1, 2011
  72. ^ 6:00 PM ET, November 28, 2009Cowboy Stadium, ARLINGTON, TX (November 28, 2009). "Texas Tech Red Raiders vs. Baylor Bears – Box Score – November 28, 2009 – ESPN". Scores.espn.go.com. Retrieved February 6, 2011. 
  73. ^ "Baylor, Texas Tech to play football in Cowboys Stadium in 2011 | Texas Tech Red Raiders News - Sports News for Dallas, Texas - SportsDayDFW". The Dallas Morning News. February 23, 2011. Retrieved May 28, 2012. 
  74. ^ "Official website of University of Texas Athletics – Texas Longhorns – Men's Basketball". TexasSports.com. Retrieved February 6, 2011. 
  75. ^ South regional at Cowboys Stadium features a giant TV screen — and, oh yeah, a basketball court | The Dagger: College Basketball Blog - Yahoo Sports
  76. ^ [5][dead link]
  77. ^ "Events". Stadium.dallascowboys.com. Retrieved February 6, 2011. 
  78. ^ [6][dead link]
  79. ^ Four high school playoff games scheduled for Cowboys Stadium | Dallas Morning News
  80. ^ "PBR – Professional Bull Riders Invades the Brand-New Cowboys Stadium in 2010". Pbrnow.com. Retrieved February 6, 2011. [dead link]
  81. ^ "Boxing: Home". HBO. January 29, 2011. Retrieved February 6, 2011. 
  82. ^ "Leanne Hulsenberg triumphs in the 2011 Bowling's U.S. Women's Open". Bowlingdigital.com. Retrieved July 3, 2011. 
  83. ^ "Dallas Opera simulcast at Cowboy Stadium". Retrieved February 19, 2012. 
  84. ^ Dallas Cowboys, New York Yankees form joint concessions venture[dead link] (The Dallas Morning News)
  85. ^ Cowboys, Yankees form company for new stadiums (Associated Press)[dead link]
  86. ^ Yankees, Cowboys, Goldman Sachs Form Stadium Company (Bloomberg)
  87. ^ The Art Program At Cowboys Stadium
  88. ^ "Dallas Cowboys, Texas Rangers Reach Deal on Parking Spots". Fort Worth Star-Telegram. April 2, 2009. [dead link]
  89. ^ "KENNEDY: $40 for Cowboys Stadium Parking? Sure Would Be Nice to Have Mass Transit...". Fort Worth Star-Telegram. June 4, 2009. [dead link]
  90. ^ a b "Special Programs". The-t.com. January 7, 2011. Retrieved February 6, 2011. 
  91. ^ "$990 for a parking spot at the Super Bowl". USAToday.com. January 26, 2011. Retrieved December 9, 2011. 

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Texas Stadium
Home of the
Dallas Cowboys

2009 – present
Succeeded by
current
Preceded by

Georgia Dome
NCAA Men's Division I
Basketball Tournament
Finals Venue

2014
Succeeded by

Lucas Oil Stadium
Preceded by
Sun Life Stadium
Host of the Super Bowl
XLV 2011
Succeeded by
Lucas Oil Stadium
Preceded by
US Airways Center
Host of the
NBA All-Star Game

2010
Succeeded by
Staples Center