Golden Cypress trees on Thompson Avenue
|Population||4,053 (2011 census)|
|• Density||309.4/km2 (801.3/sq mi)|
|Elevation||12 m (39 ft)|
|Area||13.1 km2 (5.1 sq mi)|
|Location||140 km (87 mi) from Melbourne|
|LGA(s)||Bass Coast Shire|
Cowes is the main township on Phillip Island in the Gippsland region of Victoria, Australia. It is about two hours' drive from Melbourne and can also be reached by ferry from Stony Point on the Mornington Peninsula. Cowes is located on the northern side of Phillip Island and faces towards French Island and the Mornington Peninsula. At the 2011 census, Cowes had a population of 4053.
The area was originally known as Mussel Rocks. In 1865, a government surveyor Henry Cox returned from a holiday retreat in England and named the town he surveyed after the seaport town of Cowes on the Isle of Wight, England. The Post Office opened on 1 August 1869.
The town today
In recent years Cowes has seen a rapid expansion in its size. Many estates and apartments have been built in and around the town on what was previously rural farmland. An estimated 70% of houses are owned by absentee owners, most of whom live in and around Melbourne.
The main road of the island (Phillip Island Road) leads into Cowes and becomes the town's main road, Thompson Avenue. A distinctive feature of the road is the 1 km lining of Golden Cypress trees which were planted in the early 20th century. Further into town, the road begins a gradual descent before it terminates with a T-intersection at the waterfront. As the road approaches the waterfront, density of restaurants and general retail outlets increases. Cowes Jetty was built at the end of Thompson Avenue in 1870 and remains a focal point of the town. It is flanked by sheltered beaches which are a popular attraction for families. An annual fireworks event was held at 9pm on New Year's Eve until in 2010 they were cancelled. Occasionally a container ship can be seen from the waterfront heading to or from the port at Hastings which is located to the north.
Traffic tends to be heavy and accommodation may be scarce during holiday periods and large events at the Phillip Island Grand Prix Circuit.
Since the 1960s, Cowes has been home to Christian Youth Camps in Church St  and have run holiday camps for children, youth and young adults. CYC has since redeveloped another much larger campsite just outside of Cowes - the Phillip Island Adventure Resort. After this CYC then also bought campsites at Adanac and Forest Edge.
Golfers play at the course of Phillip Island Golf on Settlement Road.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Cowes (State Suburb)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 2012-10-27.
- Premier Postal History, Post Office List, retrieved 2008-04-11
- Full Points Footy, Phillip Island, retrieved 2008-07-25[dead link]
- Golf Select, Phillip Island, retrieved 2009-05-11
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