The Cowley Club store front, 2004.
|Headquarters||Brighton, England, United Kingdom|
|Services||Independent bookstore, café, members bar.|
The Cowley Club is a libertarian social centre in Brighton, England, United Kingdom opened in 2003. It provides resources and meeting spaces for groups and individuals active in areas such as workplace and unemployed struggles, international solidarity, animal liberation, ecological defence, feminist and queer activism and opposing the arms trade. Its political identity is close to anarchism or libertarian socialism. It also houses a vegan community café, a bookshop, and free English lessons for migrants.
The Cowley Club is named after local activist Harry Cowley, and is part of the UK Social Centre Network. In their study of the social centre movement in the United Kingdom, academics Stuart Hodkinson and Paul Chatterton characterise the Cowley Club as a similar type of collective-ownership initiative to the London Action Resource Centre (LARC), "with the added dimension of a housing cooperative". Chatterton depicts the club as one of a number of resurgent social centres in the 2000s.
History and organisation
The Cowley Club is a cooperative. As such, assets and control are collectively owned, the idea being that those using the centre share the responsibilities and work that comes with running it. The centre is collectively owned by "shareholders", and run as a base for those involved in grass-roots social change and those sympathetic to such activities. It is run entirely by volunteers – no-one is paid, and no private profit is made.
Funding was raised via a mortgage, loans from cooperative organisations such as Radical Routes, and loan-stock (loans made by individuals on a five-year basis). The building purchase was completed in February 2002, then the lengthy renovation began. Much of the property was in disrepair and volunteers worked to renovate it.
Volunteers are organised into groups to take on various aspects of running the centre – there are collectives for the café, bar, library, bookshop, mediation, cleaning, finances, maintenance and entertainments. There are monthly general meetings for overall co-ordinating, which have the ultimate responsibility for decisions taken.
According to a report in The Argus, the centre was intended to provide "cheap, wholesome food during the day and a member's bar in the evening", as well as "drop-in advice sessions, children's activities, community meetings and a local history archive." It was both critiqued and defended, along with other legal social centres, by articles in radical direct action journal Do or Die. A critical article called it "a posh looking bar", noting that "If meetings do take place in The Cowley Club, for example, and run into bar time, those attending the meeting must sign in to the club". The anonymous author maintained there was a danger in enterprises such as the Club "springing up on the back of the direct action movement, they will divert activist time and energy into an essentially non-radical and liberal project". It was defended in a second article as providing a stable base under collective control for a range of activities, a base which squatting is currently unable to provide on a long term basis.
The principles of the centre are summed up as being, "For a social system based on mutual aid and voluntary co-operation; against all forms of oppression. To establish a share in the general prosperity for all – the breaking down of racial, religious, national and sex barriers – and to fight for the life of one earth."
The Club is named after Brightonian Harry Cowley, a chimney sweep who was involved in grass-roots social activism from the 1920s until his death in the 1970s. He helped organise the unemployed, moved homeless families into squatted buildings after both world wars and was a key figure in confronting fascism in 1930s Brighton. Cowley also campaigned for cheap food, mobilised pensioners, was involved in running social events and social centres and generally organising whatever was needed to provide practical aid for the poor and disadvantaged of the town. His actions were based in local neighbourhoods and outside political parties. The club was named after him as a sign of its aim of furthering this tradition of grass-roots organising and class solidarity.
- "The Cowley Club – Safer Spaces". The Cowley Club. Retrieved 5 June 2014.
- Hodkinson, Stuart; Paul Chatterton (December 2006). "Autonomy in the city?". City 10 (3): 305–315. doi:10.1080/13604810600982222.
- Maximum Rocknroll, issue 254, July 2004.
- Gellatley, Juliet (2006). Guide to Vegetarian Brighton. Viva!. ISBN 0-9547216-5-9.
- "The Guv'nor's spirit lives on". The Argus. 7 January 2003.
- Chatterton, Paul (2006). ""Give up Activism" and Change the World in Unknown Ways: Or, Learning to Walk with Others on Uncommon Ground". Antipode 38 (2): 259. doi:10.1111/j.1467-8330.2006.00579.x.
- Brass, Richard (2 July 2005). "Where the protesters drink". The Times (London). Retrieved 18 November 2008.
- "The Cowley Club – Get Involved". The Cowley Club. Retrieved 16 April 2014.
- "Space Invaders". Do or Die (10): 185–188.
- "The Cowley Club – radical, libertarian, cafe, bookshop, library, Brighton". The Cowley Club. Retrieved 17 November 2008.
- "Names on the buses: 826 Harry Cowley". Buses.co.uk. Brighton & Hove Bus and Coach Company Limited. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 18 November 2008.
- Chatterton and Holland (2003) Urban Nightscapes: Youth Cultures, Pleasure Spaces and Corporate Power (Critical Geographies). Routledge. ISBN 0-415-28346-9