Cowlitz language

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Native to United States
Region Southwestern Washington
Ethnicity Cowlitz people
Extinct (date missing)[1]
110 listed in 2010 census are not native speakers
  • Coast
    • Tsamosan
      • Inland
        • Cowlitz
Language codes
ISO 639-3 cow
Glottolog cowl1242[2]

The Cowlitz language is a member of the Tsamosan branch of the Coast Salish family of Salishan languages.

The Cowlitz people[edit]

The Cowlitz people were originally two distinct tribes: the Lower Cowlitz and the Upper Cowlitz. Only the Lower Cowlitz spoke Cowlitz; the Upper Cowlitz, a Sahaptin tribe, spoke a dialect of Yakama.


Cowlitz is most similar to Lower Chehalis, another Tsamosan language, although it does contains some oddities, such as the word for one, utsus (in contrast to the Lower Chehalis paw).

English Cowlitz
Lower Cowlitz tribe Sł'púlmš
one (number) utsus
two salli
three kałi
four mus


  1. ^ Cowlitz at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Cowlitz". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 

See also[edit]