Cowpens National Battlefield

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Cowpens National Battlefield
IUCN category V (protected landscape/seascape)
Map showing the location of Cowpens National Battlefield
Map showing the location of Cowpens National Battlefield
Location Cherokee County, South Carolina, USA
Nearest city Gaffney, South Carolina
Coordinates 35°08′12″N 81°49′05″W / 35.13667°N 81.81806°W / 35.13667; -81.81806Coordinates: 35°08′12″N 81°49′05″W / 35.13667°N 81.81806°W / 35.13667; -81.81806
Area 842 acres (3.41 km2)
Established March 4, 1929
Visitors 208,936 (in 2005)
Governing body

National Park Service

Cowpens National Battlefield
Nearest city Chesnee, South Carolina
Area 178 acres (72.0 ha)
Built 1781
Governing body Federal
NRHP Reference # 66000072[1]
Added to NRHP October 15, 1966

Cowpens National Battlefield or Cowpens National Battlefield Park is a unit of the National Park Service just east of Chesnee, South Carolina, not far from the North Carolina state line.[2][3]

Main Entrance to Cowpens National Battlefield

Brigadier General Daniel Morgan won the Battle of Cowpens, a decisive Revolutionary War victory, here over British Lieutenant Colonel Banastre Tarleton on January 17, 1781. It is considered one of the most memorable victories of Morgan and one of the most memorable defeats of Tarleton.

Established as Cowpens National Battlefield Site March 4, 1929; transferred from the War Department August 10, 1933; redesignated April 11, 1972. Listed on the National Register of Historic Places on October 15, 1966.[1] Area: 841.56 acres (3.41 km2), Federal: 790.9 acres (3.2 km2), Nonfederal: 50.66 acres (205,010 m2).

The visitor center features a museum with exhibits about the American Revolution and the battle, including a fiber-optic map that illustrates the Southern Campaign of the American Revolution and the battle, a walking tour of the battlefield itself, and the reconstructed log cabin of one Robert Scruggs, who had farmed the land before the establishment of the park.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09. 
  2. ^ Brown, Lenard (December 1976). "Cowpens National Battlefield" (pdf). National Register of Historic Places - Nomination and Inventory. Retrieved 23 June 2012. 
  3. ^ "Cowpens National Battlefield, Cherokee County (jct. of S.C. Hwys. 11 & 110, Chesnee vicinity)". National Register Properties in South Carolina. South Carolina Department of Archives and History. Retrieved 23 June 2012. 

External links[edit]