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There is a large amount of new housing which now makes up around half of the village.
The earliest artefact to have been found in the area is a simple Bronze Age axe. There are few other remains from before the medieval period.
The area only really developed in the medieval period. As well as the village of Coxhoe itself, another, now deserted, village also grew up at Coxhoe East House, but this was probably deserted by the early 15th century.
The modern village of Coxhoe developed during the 18th and 19th centuries, spurred by coal mining, first recorded in 1750. Coxhoe Colliery was sunk in 1827; from 1801 to 1841 the population rose from 117 to 3904. Remains of other elements of the coal industry are still visible nearby. The buildings of Heugh Hall are now part of a farm, and the course of its wagon way is still visible as an earthwork.
Coxhoe had two railway stations, one at the south end and one at the north. There was a pottery at Coxhoe from 1769 producing coarse[clarification needed] brown pots, and from 1851 it also began to make clay tobacco pipes. Coxhoe also had its own gasworks, which produced gas from local coal; it was then sent around the village by a system of pipes. Most other coal was transported out of Coxhoe by the Clarence Railway.
Coxhoe Hall was a five-bay, 2 1⁄2-story house of c. 1725, built for John Burdon, on the site of a Tudor house. This plain, classical residence was later given a Gothic trim, with battlements and pointed windows. Poet Elizabeth Barrett-Browning spent her early childhood there.
The earlier medieval house on the site belonged to the Blakiston Family from c.1400 to 1600, and afterwards to the Kennets and the Earls of Seaforth. John Burdon, responsible for rebuilding the house, also created the landscape gardens at Hardwick Hall, near Sedgefield. The house was bought by the East Hetton Colliery Company in 1938 and was used to house Italian and German prisoners-of-war in WW2. The hall was condemned as unsafe by the National Coal Board and demolished in 1956, leaving the ground plan and service yard still visible. Cellars are now filled with rubble and appear to contain much decorative plaster work from the demolished structure. The drive and gate posts still remain, as does a walled garden to the north-east which is now much overgrown.
Coxhoe Working Mens Club FC play in the Durham & District Sunday League, Premier Division with their home games being played at Beechfield Park.
Coxhoe United play in the Durham Alliance League with their home games being played next to the FLIC Leisure Centre in Coxhoe Park.
The cricket first and second teams have had varying success over the years.
The darts team is recognised as one of the best semi-professional teams in the country, and included world BDO darts finalist Phil Nixon.
Media related to Coxhoe at Wikimedia Commons