Coyote attacks on humans
Coyote attacks on humans are uncommon and rarely cause serious injuries, due to the relatively small size of the coyote, but have been increasingly frequent, especially in the state of California. In the 30 years leading up to March 2006, at least 160 attacks occurred in the United States, mostly in the Los Angeles County area. Data from the USDA's Wildlife Services, the California Department of Fish and Wildlife, and other sources show that while 41 attacks occurred during the period of 1988–1997, 48 attacks were verified from 1998 through 2003. The majority of these incidents occurred in Southern California near the suburban-wildland interface.
In the absence of the harassment of coyotes practiced by rural people, urban coyotes are losing their fear of humans, which is further worsened by people intentionally or unintentionally feeding coyotes. In such situations, some coyotes have begun to act aggressively toward humans, chasing joggers and bicyclists, confronting people walking their dogs, and stalking small children. Non rabid coyotes in these areas will sometimes target small children, mostly under the age of 10, though some adults have been bitten.
Although media reports of such attacks generally identify the animals in question as simply "coyotes", research into the genetics of the eastern coyote indicates those involved in attacks in northeast North America, including Pennsylvania, New York, New England, and eastern Canada, may have actually been coywolves, hybrids of Canis latrans and Canis lupus, not fully coyotes.
In 1981, in Glendale, California, a coyote attacked 3-year old toddler Kelly Keen in the driveway of her home and ran off with her. She was rescued by her father and rushed to the hospital, but died in surgery due to blood loss and a broken neck.
In October 2009, Taylor Mitchell, a 19-year-old Canadian folk singer on break from a concert tour, died from injuries sustained in an attack by a group of eastern coyotes while hiking on the Skyline Trail in Cape Breton Highlands National Park in Nova Scotia, Canada.
Due to their small size, coyote attacks tend to be a greater threat to children than they are to adults. While their bushy hair can make them look quite large, they rarely weigh more than thirty-five pounds. Also, unlike some other canids, such as grey wolves, they are relatively less apt to hunt in packs and so cannot as easily take down prey as large as a full-grown adult human being as they can when they do hunt in larger groups.
A study published in 2004  documented 35 incidents (not all listed) in which a child escaped likely "serious or fatal injury" if the child had not been rescued in time, including:
- In May 1978, a coyote bit the leg of a 5-year-old Pasadena girl in the driveway of her home.
- In May 1979, a coyote grabbed by throat and cheek a 2-year-old Pasedena girl who had been eating cookies on her front porch.
- In July 1979, in Pasadena, coyotes lacerated the leg of a 17-year-old girl who was attempting to save a dog from being attacked.
- In August, 1979, a coyote attacked a 5-year-old La Verne girl. Her father and a neighbor saved the child from being dragged off, but not before she had suffered deep bites on neck, head, and legs.
- In July 1980, a coyote grabbed a 13-month-old Agoura Hills baby by the midsection and started dragging her off. The baby suffered puncture wounds but was saved by her mother.
- In August 1988, a coyote nipped and bruised a 4-year-old Oceanside boy who had been playing in his yard.
- In August 1988, a coyote in Oceanside bit the rollerskate of an 8-year-old girl who had just fallen but was chased away by two women throwing rocks.
- In August 1988, a coyote in Oceanside grabbed 3-year-old girl by the leg, pulled her down, and then bit her on head and neck before being chased off by her mother and neighbors.
- In June 1990, in Reds Meadow, a coyote bit a 5-year-old girl on the head while she was sleeping at a campground.
- In May 1992, a coyote attacked a 5-year-old San Clemente girl, biting her several times on her back. The girl climbed her swing set to escape, and her mother chased the coyote off.
- In October 1992, in Fallbrook, a coyote bit a 10-year-old boy on the head while he was asleep on back porch of a residence.
- In March 1995, in Griffith Park, a 5-year-old girl was knocked down twice by a coyote before being saved by her mother.
- In June 1995, a coyote chased three boys on University of California, Riverside property, biting a 7-year-old.
- In July 1995, a Griffith Park coyote was chased away once, but returned and bit the leg of a 15-month-old girl.
- In September 1995, a coyote attacked a 3-year-old Fullerton girl in her yard, biting her face, head, and thigh.
- In November 1995, a coyote at University of California, Riverside chased playing children, biting a 3-year-old boy.
- In June 1996, a coyote grabbed a 3-year-old Los Altos boy’s head and hand and began dragging him toward some bushes before he was saved by his 15-year-old brother.
- In February 1997, a coyote severely bit a 4-year-old girl in her yard in South Lake Tahoe. The heavy snowsuit she was wearing protected all but her face, and she was rescued by her father. The coyote stayed in the unfenced yard until police arrived and shot it dead. Earlier that morning, the coyote had bitten the hand of a man who was feeding it.
- In May 2000, in La Mesa a 3-year-old boy was bitten on his side, resulting in 4 puncture wounds.
- In June 2001, in Northridge, a coyote seriously injured a 7-year-old, but was finally fought off by her mother.
- In July 2001, a coyote bit a 3-year-old Irvine boy in the leg while he was playing in his yard. The boy was saved by his father.
- In October 2001, in San Clemente, a coyote attacked three children playing on a schoolyard, biting and scratching an 8-year-old girl on back of neck and a 7-year-old boy on the back and arm. A third student was also attacked, but the coyote only bit his backpack.
- In November 2001, a coyote that a San Diego family had been feeding bit their 8-year-old daughter.
- In December 2001, in San Gabriel, a coyote bit a 3-year-old girl in the head, grabbed her shoulder and started to drag her away, but was chased off by her father.
- In May 2002, in Anza-Borrego State Park, a coyote bit a boy, who was sleeping in a sleeping bag, on the head.
- In May 2003, in Highland, a coyote came into a neighbor’s garage chasing after 2-year-old girl, biting her on the arm.
- In July 2003, in Granada Hills, a boy was walking his family’s 2 dogs when they were attacked by three coyotes. One dog was killed and the other injured before they were rescued by his father.
- In August 2003, in Apple Valley, a coyote attacked a 4-year-old boy on a golf course, biting him on the face and neck before he was saved by his father.
Coyote attacks on children not included in the California study include:
- 2007, Texas, 2 coyote attacks on humans reported in: A History of Urban Coyote Problems.
- In December, 2008, in Erie, CO, a boy snowboarding with his brother on a golf course behind his house was attacked by a coyote. He used the snowboard to fend off the attack, but was bitten on the arm. A coyote in the area was then killed, but it wasn't clear if that was the same one that had bitten the boy, so he began a course of treatment for rabies.
- In June, 2010, a 5-year-old Vernon, BC girl was bitten by a coyote while walking with her parents and dog near a greenbelt area at about 5PM. An official quoted in the story stated that there had been four other attacks on humans in British Columbia in the preceding fifteen years. 
- In June 2010, a 3-year-old girl and a 6-year-old girl were attacked and seriously injured in separate attacks by coyotes in Rye, New York, a suburb of New York City. The six-year-old was attacked by two coyotes on June 25 and the three-year-old was attacked by one coyote on June 29. There was no indication the animals were rabid, but the girls were given treatment as a precaution.
- August 6, 2010, Port Aransas, Texas, Executive Lt. Darryl Johnson of the Port Aransas Police Department told Phil Reynolds of the South Jetty News that the latest coyote confrontation led to two Boy Scouts, 14 and 15-years-old, from San Antonio, Texas being bitten while sleeping outside their tent near Pole 3 on the beach. The boys were taken to to a Corpus Christi hospital were they were treated. The boys took preventive rabies shots.
- On April 15, 2011, in a playground in Cave Creek, Arizona, a group of adults witnessed a coyote stalk and attack a two-year-old girl, but the child was bitten on her back before the adults saved her. The coyote was not caught, so the girl began a course of treatment for rabies. 
- During a period of two months, from July to September, 2011, three children between the ages of two and six were bitten by a coyote, and a fourth was approached by a coyote within two feet in a neighborhood of Broomfield, CO. All four encounters are thought to have involved the same adult male coyote, who was lethally removed after the last attack.
- On August 24, 2011, before noon, a two-year-old Weymouth, Massachusetts girl was walking next to her stroller with her grandmother when a coyote lunged out of some hedges along the sidewalk in a suburban residential area. The animal attacked from behind, knocked the child down, and bit her on the back of her head, leaving a somewhat large wound. The grandmother was having trouble saving her from the coyote, when a neighbor came out of a nearby house and got the pair into the house, shutting the coyote outside, where it stayed, listening, while the homeowner dialed 911. The girl was taken to the hospital to have her scalp stitched.  The authorities hunted the coyote but finding nothing, called off the hunt, but later that night police were called back to the area by calls that the coyote had returned. They shot the animal, and although it escaped, it was presumed to have been fatally wounded, but the body was not found, so the girl began a course of rabies treatments. One week earlier, a coyote in the same area tried to attack a landscaper, who successfully fended the animal off, sustaining no injury, so the area coyotes had not been hunted or trapped. 
- On October 12, 2011, in Saginaw, Texas the Star-Telegram Deanna Boyd reported that a 3-year-old boy was about to get into the car Wednesday morning for his daily ride to day care and spilled his Cheerios. His mother dashed back inside the house to refill the bowl then heard a scream and ran back outside where she found the boy lying on the ground confronted by a coyote. The toddler, Colton, said he had seen it "coming too fast" and that it had "knocked me over." He suffered a scratch or welt on his right hand that did not break the skin. The coyote turned its attention to the mother and then the father who came out of the house and shot the coyote, which tested negative for rabies.
- In January 2012, an eight-year-old Oakville, Ontario girl was playing in her backyard with a friend when a coyote jumped the fence and attacked. The coyote chased the children inside the house, then stalked around outside the house, but ran away before the police arrived. The authorities killed a coyote found in the area later that day, and the girl was taken to the hospital, treated for bites to the leg, and given rabies shots because it was not clear whether the rabies-free animal that was killed was the same one which had attacked the child.
- On February 22, 2012, a 17-year-old Hopkinton, New Hampshire boy was attacked by a "possibly rabid" coyote while walking his dog in the woods near his house. The coyote approached, the dog ran away, and the coyote attacked the boy, who stood his ground and punched until the animal ran off. The boy was scratched by the animal's claws and possibly teeth and so began precautionary rabies treatments. 
- On May 15, 2012, a 14-year-old Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia child's motocross boots helped him survive a coyote attack.
- On June 22, 2012, at Nehalem Bay State Park on the coast of Oregon, a coyote attacked a 5-year-old girl who was following her family back from the beach on a sand path through beachgrass. The coyote first grabbed a stick which the girl had been trailing behind her, then "lunged at" the screaming child, nipping at her ribcage and feet and breaking the skin on her back, before cutting off the attack to confront her father, who succeeded in driving the determined coyote off. The coyote was not caught, so the child began precautionary treatments for rabies.
- On September 21, 2012, a sixteen-year old New Waterford, Nova Scotia girl was attacked by a coyote while she was walking to school. She had heard some growling in the bushes, but, seeing nothing, continued walking and was hit from behind and knocked down. Just at that moment, a car happened along, and the motorist sounded his horn, scaring the coyote away. The Department of Natural Resources hired a professional to trap the animal.
- October 15, 2012, Austin, Texas. KVUE abc - KVUE.COM Heather Kovar reported a 14-year old boy was knocked down by a coyote then attacked on a trail near his home. Neighbors say they have encountered aggressive coyotes. Texas Wildlife Services said they have had lots of sightings and animal attacks reported. The teen has had a series of 11 rabies shots. 
- On September 25, 2013, in St. Catharines, Ontario, a coyote attacked an 8-year-old girl who was walking on a sidewalk behind her stepfather, when the coyote leaped up at her, biting her ribcage. He turned around and saw it biting her foot, and then her torso. The girl was treated and released for "coyote bite." The animal was not found, so she underwent a course of rabies treatment as a precaution.
- In the evening of March 12, 2013, two young boys in Boulder, Colorado were playing near a creek some distance away from their father, when they were surrounded by two coyotes. The boy who did not run was not bitten, but the five-year-old who ran toward his father was bitten on the leg before being saved by his father. Before this incident, the city had been having problematic encounters with coyotes for some time in the area, known as Boulder Creek Path, including attacks on adults, so they had instituted and just completed a four-week “hazing program” to instill fear of humans into the animals. After the incident, officials hunted down and killed two coyotes believed to be the same ones that had bitten the boy.
- On May 16, 2013, between six and seven PM, a two-year old girl in Goose Gossage Park, Colorado Springs, CO, was playing on the slide with her mother and her brother. She came down the slide, her mother caught her, and set her aside, and just in the brief moment when her mom turned to catch her brother, a coyote bit the girl by the head and ran away. Doctors used stitches to close a large gash just over her right eye, and staples to close the gashes on the back of her head. The animal was not caught, so she began a course of rabies treatments. In the aftermath of this and the second attack, below, authorities conducted a large scale hunt for the animal, which resulted in the death of two adult animals. Also, the media printed criticism from area residents that the authorities had been slow to act to their complaints and warnings that the animals were dangerous. Authorities were quoted as saying that hunting or trapping would not help because other coyotes would take their place, and that the state "wasn't interested" in spending the money. 
- On May 16, 2013, within an hour before the above attack and in the same place, a coyote had attacked a four-year-old girl, knocking her down and biting her on the backside, tearing her clothes. Authorities thought it was probably the same animal, and planned to kill it.
- On Thursday, July 18, 2013, at about 3:15PM, at a cemetery in Cypress, CA, a two-year old girl was attacked by a coyote while playing about ten feet away from her mother, who was visiting her grandmother's grave. The coyote grabbed the playing child and started to drag her off into the bushes, but dropped the child and ran away when "lunged at" by the mother. The child was hospitalized for a 2.5 inch gash to the leg and began precautionary treatment for rabies. Authorities killed three coyotes at the cemetery later that day, and cemetery officials ordered warning signs be posted and traps be set around the cemetery but away from the public.  On October 9th, the mother filed suit alleging that the cemetery, by not warning her of the risk, had liability. 
- On October 31, 2013, Austin, Chicago, Illinois a child in an alley was bitten by an animal badly enough to require plastic surgery. The authorities suspected a coyote, and trapped "a handful" in the area.
Much of the published scholarly research on coyote attacks on adults comes from California, but press reports detail attacks all across the continent.
Not all the coyote attacks on adults in California between 1979 and 2003 reported by Timm, et al. resulted in injury. In some, bitten articles of clothing or backpacks show that injury was narrowly avoided. In others, the attack was immediately broken off by the coyote once it could make off with an item the uninjured victim was carrying. While several victims were hiking, working, or jogging in unpopulated areas, many occurred at the victim’s own home. Many appear to have been “test bites” on people who seemed incapacitated, but as soon as the victim reacted, the attack was abandoned. A selection of these attacks are listed below. Some add context to one or more of the attacks on children listed above. Many began as attacks on a person’s pet, provoking sequential counter-attacks.
|Year||Time of year||Location||Victim||Activity||Surroundings||Result||Time of day|
|1979||June||Pasadena||M||Picking up newspaper||Yard||Heel bitten||Early morning|
|1979||July||Pasadena||M||Jogging||?||Both legs bitten, chased up tree||?|
|1988||Oct.||San Diego||F||Talking on phone||Yard||Bitten||?|
|1990||June||Reds Meadow||?||Sleeping||Campground||Hand bitten||Night|
|1990||June||Reds Meadow||?||Sleeping||Campground||Foot bitten||Night|
|1992||Mar.||San Marcos||F||Defending dog||Yard||Face bitten||?|
|1995||Mar.||Griffith Park||F||Preparing food||Yard||Bitten||Day|
|1995||June||Laguna Niguel||M||Stargazing||Yard||Foot bitten||Night|
|1995||June||Laguna Niguel||M||Picking up newspaper||Yard||Foot bitten||Mid-morning|
|1995||July||Griffith Park||M||Sleeping||Lawn||Foot bitten||2:45 PM|
|1995||July||Griffith Park||M||Sleeping||Lawn||Foot bitten||4 PM|
|1997||Jan.||San Juan Capistrano||Two F||?||?||Ankle bitten twice, pulled to ground||?|
|1997||Jan.||San Juan Capistrano||F||?||?||Lunch pail stolen||?|
|1997||Jan.||San Juan Capistrano||F||?||?||Purse stolen||?|
|1997||Jan.||San Juan Capistrano||M||?||?||Shoe bitten||Before dawn|
|1997||Jan.||San Juan Capistrano||M||?||?||Backpack successfully defended||?|
|1997||Feb.||South Lake Tahoe area||M||Feeding the coyote||?||Hand that fed it bitten||?|
|1997||Sept.||Pomona||M||?||?||Bitten on ankle||?|
|1998||Nov.||San Mateo County||F||Hiking in a group||?||Buttock bitten||?|
|1998||Nov.||San Mateo County||F||Hiking in a group||?||Pant leg bitten||?|
|1999||Spring||South Lake Tahoe area||Two||?||?||Bitten||?|
|1999||Spring||South Lake Tahoe area||F||?||Motel parking lot||Bitten||?|
|1999||May||Canyon Country||M||Defending dog||?||Scratched||Night|
|1999||Aug.||Green Valley Lake||F||Defending dog||Yard||"Attacked", captive in car||8:30 AM|
|1999||Oct.||Ventura County||M||Bicycling w/dog, six coyotes||?||"Attacked"||?|
|2000||Feb.||Calimesa||M||Defending dog||Yard||Cuts, scrapes, and bruises||9 PM|
|2001||April||Pomona||54-year-old F||Defending dog||Yard||Leg bitten||4:30 PM|
|2001||Aug.||Hollywood Hills||M||Defending dog||?||Bitten 8 times||11:50 PM|
|2001||Aug.||Irvine||F||Defending dog||?||Bitten||4:30 PM|
|2001||Sept.||Agoura||F||Defending dog||?||"Attacked"||7:15 AM|
|2001||Sept.||Lancaster||M||Walking||?||Fought off 4 coyotes with walking stick||Morning|
|2001||Nov.||La Habra Heights||F||Walking||Golf course||Arm bitten||Daytime|
|2002||May||Los Angeles||M||Walking dog||?||"Attacked"||Evening|
|2002||July||Woodland Hills, Los Angeles||F||?||?||Arm bitten||6 AM|
|2002||July||Woodland Hills, Los Angeles||M||Walking||Between car and garage||Boot bitten||?|
|2002||July||Carlsbad||F||Walking dog, 8-10 coyotes||?||Bitten||10 PM|
|2002||Nov.||Woodland Hills, Los Angeles||F||Defending dog||?||Fractured elbow, scratched||1 PM|
|2002||Dec.||East Highland||M||Working||Utility work area||Pants bitten||Evening|
|2003||Feb.||Lake View Terrace||"Jogger"||Jogging||Near "neighborhood coyote feeding station"||Ankle bitten||?|
|2003||Nov.||Claremont||M||3-4 coyotes||?||Successfully defended self w/ walking stick||8 AM|
Although some minor coyote attacks on adults may go unreported in the news media, news reports of such attack can be found.
- In June, 2008, in the Shadow Wood area of the Brooks community of Estero, Florida, a woman was walking her dachshund on a short leash when a coyote suddenly appeared, grabbed the dog, and tried to run away with it. She dropped to the ground, grabbed the severely injured dog, saving it from being carried off, but the coyote bit her on the right calf. She was taken by ambulance to a hospital where she was treated for four puncture wounds and began precautionary treatment for rabies, as the animal could not be found and killed for rabies testing right away. The incident was proceeded by coyotes regularly feeding on dogs in the area, and followed by authorities hiring a professional trapper to cull area coyotes. 
- In January, 2010, in Greenburgh, NY, a woman was taking a daytime walk through a wooded park when she was pounced on by a coyote. She screamed and, although she was aware that experts don’t recommend it, she turned and ran as fast as she could and escaped, but not before she received puncture wounds and scrapes to her arms, legs, back, and buttocks. The coyote later attacked a pit bull terrier at its home adjacent to the same park, was spotted and chased by a police helicopter, and plans were being made for policemen with hunting backgrounds to try to track down the animal. The woman's wounds were treated and, although the coyote did not appear sick, she began a course of treatment for rabies. 
- In February, 2010, in Saint-Charles, New Brunswick, a woman brought her puppy on leash outside in the middle of the night to relieve himself, when a coyote suddenly appeared and made for the dog. The woman tossed the puppy about ten feet away to save it, and the coyote turned on her. The pair fought for more than ten minutes until the woman managed to land a left hook to the jaw, and the animal finally ran off. The woman was not seriously injured, although she needed a bandage on the knuckles of her left hand and a tetanus shot.
- On May 22, 2010, a 24 year-old man sleeping on his friend’s patio in Port Aransas, Texas was awakened by a coyote biting him four times in quick succession on the arm and hand. When he stood, it retreated to the street, but stayed in the area, watching. The man took a series of rabies shots as a precaution.
- On July 13, 2010, a man sleeping on a beach in Port Aransas, Texas was bitten by a coyote licking and biting his hand. He completed a precautionary course of rabies treatments.
- On August 04, 2010, in Port Aransas, Texas, Port Aransas Animal Control Officer Jim Williams stated "In the 9 and a half year's I've been there, this is the worst I've ever seen it," when speaking to KRIS TV about a 19-year-old female from San Antonio, Texas that was bitten in the head by a coyote. The 19 year-old underwent rabies treatment in San Antonio. 
- On December 25, 2010, in Dalton, Minnesota, a 48-year-old man walking his dog near a trailer court when a coyote attacked his dog. While defending the dog, he was bitten on both hands by the coyote.
- January 23, 2011, Port Aransas, Texas, Corpus Christi Caller Times writer Mark Collette's article confirms a sixth person reported a coyote bite in Port Aransas. The man was sleeping on the beach when bitten by a coyote. Police Chief Scott Burroughs said precautionary rabies vaccinations were received. 
- In September, 2012, in Kamloops, British Columbia, a man on a bicycle was attacked by a coyote and forced to stop and fend it off. He used his bicycle to defend himself and stood his ground and behaved aggressively and the coyote soon ran off.
- In December 2012, in Kent, Washington, a man spent the night in the hospital after being attacked by coyotes in his own backyard.
- On Wednesday, December 12, 2012, at about 2:00AM, in Waltham, Massachusetts, on the campus of Brandeis University, an animal, thought to be a coyote, attacked a student walking back to her dorm. The animal appeared from dense cover and in a very dark location, and quickly disappeared, so the victim did not get a good look. Multiple residents had sighted a pack of coyotes in the area. The woman was treated for a tooth or claw wound.  
- On the evening of October 8, 2012, a security guard was manning a booth at the Bingham Canyon Mine, Salt Lake County, Utah, when a coyote entered through an open door and attacked her. She managed to escape and call for backup, but not before she received defensive wounds to her forearm. The coyote was shot by a policeman and the victim was taken to the hospital for stitches. Results of rabies tests were not available at presstime. 
- In October 2012, in Malabar, Florida, a woman armed with a broom rushed to her backyard chicken coop to see what was causing a commotion, when she was attacked by a rabid and extremely mangy coyote. She was being very badly mauled, but was saved by her daughter who shot the coyote and, as she was a trained medical professional, performed first aid and called an ambulance.
- In January 2013, in Boulder, Colorado, officials were trying to decide what to do about coyotes attacking joggers, bicyclists, and dogwalkers on a popular bike path along the Boulder Creek. The jogger who was bitten at first stood her ground and acted aggressively toward the coyote, but then turned and tried to run away, and was then bitten on the ankle. 
- In May, 2013, in Wrentham, Massachusetts, a woman was with her dog at night when it was attacked by a coyote. The woman was bitten on the hand by the coyote while trying to save her dog. The coyote was not caught, so the woman began treatment for possible rabies. 
- On 21 May, 2013, at a campground in Kamloops, BC, at about 00:30AM, a coyote attacked a camper in a sleeping bag but not in a tent. The man drove himself to the hospital to get his wounds stitched. The coyote was described as somewhat large and healthy-looking. Conservation officers began hunting for the coyote. 
- In late June, 2013, residents of the Rocky Creek subdivision of eastern Wichita, KS received an email from the homeowners' association stating that an irrigation worker had been attacked by a coyote near a sidewalk west of a bridge. The email stated that the attack resulted in torn clothing, not skin, but residents were warned to watch the area. 
- On Monday, September 2, 2013, at 5:30PM, a man was waxing his car in the driveway of his home northwest of Cumming, GA, when he was painfully bitten by a coyote on the back of the left leg just above the knee. He slapped the coyote with a towel, but the coyote kept attacking, but then the man's white German Shepard came running and body-slammed the coyote. Both animals tumbled and ran off chasing each other. The dog, "Charmin", returned without the coyote but with a bite wound to the back right leg. The man was treated for the bite and started a precautionary course of treatment for rabies, but the dog's vaccinations for the disease were current.
- On Monday, October 14th, 2013, at about 5:00AM, on a dark road just outside of Niwot, Colorado in Boulder County, three coyotes attacked a 22-year-old man who was walking to work. The attack lasted one or two minutes before the pack retreated. The man concentrated on keeping his balance, wielding his flashlight with one arm and pushing the coyotes with the other, keeping the animals in front of him, protecting his neck and face, and retreating. He landed at least one solid blow with his flashlight to the side of the head of one of the animals. They circled, dodged, and attacked in turn, lunging at his throat, biting, clawing, and landing leaping body-blows. He was treated and released for multiple bleeding cuts and abrasions to the arms, head, face, and neck.  Two days later, officials announced the three coyotes had been killed and that none of them were rabid.
- On Friday, November 1, 2013, about 11AM, on a property near a country club on the north end of Mansfield, OH, a groundskeeper did not notice a pack of at least three coyotes until one latched onto his arm. The attacking animal was with at least two others. The man knocked the animals off him, escaped on a riding lawnmower, and drove himself to the hospital to have the arm bite wound and clawmarks treated and to get precautionary injections. Authorities responded, but the coyotes were not found. Before the attack, the coyotes had been seen "almost every day" on the nearby golf course.  
- Dell'Amore, Christine (2006-03). "City Slinkers". Smithsonian. Smithsonian. Retrieved June 14, 2012.
- "Coyote Attacks: An Increasing Suburban Problem". Archived from the original on September 26, 2007. Retrieved August 19, 2007.
- Coyote Attacks on Children. Varmintal.com. Retrieved on July 9, 2011.
- "Coyotes kill woman in Cape Breton". CBC News. October 29, 2009. Retrieved October 28, 2009.
- Timm,, Robert M., University of California, Davis; Baker, Rex O., California State Polytechnic-Pomona (retired); Bennett, Joe R., USDA APHIS Wildlife Services; Coolahan, Craig C., USDA APHIS Wildlife Services (2004-03-03). "; Coyote Attacks: An Increasing Suburban Problem". Hopland Research and Extension Center. pp. 47–49. Retrieved 2012-06-25. "From the information gathered, we now list 89 coyote attacks in California (incidents when one or more coyotes made physical contact with a child or adult, or attacked a pet while in close proximity to its owner) (Table 1). In 56 of these attacks, one or more persons suffered an injury. In 77 additional encounters (not listed), coyotes stalked children, chased individuals, or aggressively threatened adults. In 35 incidents (not all listed), where coyotes stalked or attacked small children, the possibility of serious or fatal injury seems likely if the child had not been rescued."
- A History of Urban Coyote Problems, 04-01-2007, Robert M. Timm, Hopland Research and Extension Center, University of California, Hopland CA, USA; Rex O. Baker, California State Polytechnic University - Pomona (retired), Pomona CA, USA
- "Erie Boy Undergoing Rabies Treatment After Coyote Attack". ABC 7 News, Denver, CO. 07. Retrieved 22 May 2013. "The boys said the coyote started circling Tony. Tony tried to fend it off, but the coyote eventually bit him from behind. "Vincent saw a coyote up there, but I didn't (at first)," said Tony. "I wasn't screaming really loud, but I was screaming, Tony! Tony!," said Vincent. Tony kept his snowboard between himself and the coyote. "But then (the coyote) stopped and went the other way and bit him," said Vincent. "I pushed him away and then he started circling again," said Tony. Tony then got his own lick in with his snowboard. I whacked him.""
- "Coyote attacks 5-year-old Okanagan girl". Global News, CHBC News. 01. Retrieved 22 May 2013. "A young Vernon girl is recovering after being attacked by a coyote Monday afternoon. The girl suffered minor puncture wounds when the animal attacked as the family walked their small dog in a greenbelt area near Alexis Park Drive and 35th Avenue at 5pm. Conservation Officer Josh Lockwood says coyote attacks in BC are rare, with only four attacks on humans in the last 15 years. “In this incident, the people walking had a small dog which probably attracted the coyote’s attention to them,” says Lockwood. The animal was not found following a search by a special response team."
- Coyote Attack – Rye PD Press Conference and Statement. MyRye.com. Retrieved on May 10, 2011.
- http://abcnews.go.com/US/wireStory?id=11051852 Play Moves Indoors Near NYC After 2 Coyote Attacks, Associated Press, via ABC News/U.S., June 30, 2010. Retrieved June 30, 2010
- 12 August 2010 Port Aransas South Jetty News http://www.portasouthjetty.com/news/2010-08-12/Island_Life/Coyote_control.html
- Shabazi, Rudabeh. "Coyote attacks toddler at Phoenix park". ABC Channel 15 News. Retrieved 3 April 2013.
- Assessment of Human-Coyote Conflicts: City and County of Broomfield, Colorado Memo and final report. Retrieved on June 5, 2012.
- "Report: One coyote responsible for four summer attacks in Broomfield". Broomfield Enterprise. May 10, 2012. Retrieved June 5, 2012.
- Brogadir, Josh (24). "Coyote attacks two-year-old girl in Weymouth, MA". New England Cable News. Retrieved 11 August 2013. ""She was walking along and from behind a coyote came up and knocked the baby down and took a bite from the back of her head, a pretty good sized bite, " said Robin Gallagher, the aunt of the two-year-old girl who now has stitches in her head."
- Schiavone, Christian (25). "Weymouth Police believe toddler-biting Coyote is dead". The Patriot Ledger. Retrieved 11 August 2013. "Police believe a coyote that attacked a toddler on Wednesday has most likely died after being shot by an officer later that night. Lt. Richard Fuller said there have been no sightings of the animal since police were called to a Main Street home at about 8:20 p.m. Wednesday, where an officer fired two shots at the coyote, which then ran into the woods. Police continued searching the woods in South Weymouth on Thursday. They didn’t find the coyote, but did find blood they believe came from the animal, Fuller said. “They haven’t found it yet and their belief is that it’s probably expired,” he said. “We’re hopeful it’s deceased deep in the woods.” Local police and state Environmental Police began searching for the coyote after it approached a 2-year-old girl on Clarendon Street at about 11:30 a.m. Wednesday, bit her on the head and then ran into the woods. She was treated at South Shore Hospital and began receiving shots to prevent rabies. The search was called off after several hours, but police were called back in the evening when the coyote reappeared."
- Boyd, Deanna (Posted Friday, Oct. 07, 2011). "Coyote confronts 3-year-old at Saginaw home". Star-Telegram. Retrieved 15 November 2013. "Her husband, Jarred Coursey, who had been showering, hurried outside and found the coyote still standing there. With his wife and Colton safe inside and his 1-year-old son still strapped inside the car -- and oblivious to what was happening -- Jarred ran back inside, grabbed a shotgun and fatally shot the animal. "It never left the yard," Jarred said. "It never acted afraid. Normally coyotes would run off. It was standing its ground. It was almost as if it was wanting something from us, like it expected us to give it something. We don't know if it was sick or what." Read more here: http://www.star-telegram.com/2011/10/06/3426010/coyote-confronts-3-year-old-at.html#storylink=cpy"
- "Possibly rabid coyote attacks NH teen". Bangor Dailty News. 23. Retrieved 2 October 2013. "New Hampshire officials say a teenager walking his dog in Hopkinton was attacked by a coyote and is receiving a course of rabies shots as a precaution. Fish and Game officials say the teen, whose name was not released, was walking the family dog in a wooded area near his home when the coyote approached. His dog ran and the coyote attacked the teenager....Officials say the teen punched the coyote repeatedly in the nose until it ran off. The teenager was scratched and possibly bitten by the coyote.""
- "Nova Scotia Coyote Bites Teen". CBC News. May 15, 2012. Retrieved May 17, 2012.
- "Coyote attack has New Waterford on alert". CBC News Nova Scotia. Retrieved 2012-09-22.
- Austin, Texas. KVUE abc KVUE.com - 16 October 2012 http://www.kvue.com/news/Austin-teen-says-coyote-attacked-him-174283131.html
- Fraser, Don. "Family sounds alarm after coyote bites child". The St. Catharines Standard. Retrieved 26 October 2013. "Kevin Gaudet, stepdad to Dakota, 8, says the two were together on the sidewalk last Sept. 25, when the animal lunged at the girl and bit her ribcage area. "I turned around, it had a hold of her foot, the animal was about knee-high," he said, adding it then bit Dakota further up her torso. "If I'd grabbed a hold of it, I was going to break its neck....Dakota was taken to St. Catharines hospital, where it was assessed as a coyote bite, they say....as it could not isolate the animal for a 10-day observation period, locate the animal or confirm its health status, it recommended the anti-rabies vaccine as a "precautionary measure.""
- Garrison, Robert. "2 coyotes shot, killed after boy attacked". KUSATV News 9 (a Gannet News company). Retrieved 28 March 2013.
- "Toddler Attacked By Coyote In Colorado Springs". CBS NEWS LOCAL. CBS Denver. Retrieved 19 May 2013.
- Vogrin, Bill (30). "Coyote attacks cause Colorado Springs residents to question wildlife policies". Colorado Springs Gazette. Retrieved 7 June 2013. ""Of course, a second child was mauled by a coyote a short time later, triggering a full-scale hunt that resulted in two adult coyotes being killed by CPW officers at the park along Monument Creek north of Fillmore Street. On Wednesday, I called the agency to learn lab results of the coyotes’ remains and to give wildlife officials a chance to respond to complaints they’ve been slow to act.....“There’s no way you can remove all coyotes from an area,” Churchill said. “If you have the habitat, you are going to have coyotes.” And the state isn’t interested in spending thousands of dollars to trap and remove “good” coyotes from cities, she said."
- Oravetz, Janet. "Coyote attacks two small children at park". NBC. Retrieved 19 May 2013.
- Venegas, Ana (22). "2-year-old recovering from coyote attack at Cypress cemetery". ORANGE COUNTY REGISTER. Retrieved 23 July 2013.
- Foxhall, Emily (23). "2-year-old girl in 'good spirits' after coyote attack at O.C.". Los Angeles Times. Local News: Tribune Newspaper Websites. Retrieved 24 July 2013.
- City News Service. "Woman sues Forest Lawn after coyote attack while visiting her mother’s grave". LA Daily News. Retrieved 27 October 2013. "According to the suit, it happened because of insufficient gating and the lack of other preventive measures by cemetery officials. The park also allegedly failed to warn visitors of the risk of being in a cemetery where the wild animals freely roamed, the suit states. Teroganesian suffered “various severe and permanent injuries” because of the incident, according to the complaint."
- "Boy Bitten By Animal, Possibly a Coyote". Channel 5 News, Chicago. NBC News. Thursday, Nov 14, 2013 | Updated 10:54 PM CST. Retrieved 15 November 2013. "Residents in the Austin neighborhood are keeping a close eye on their children after a 3-year-old boy was bitten around three weeks ago, possibly by a coyote. Family friends tell NBC 5 that the boy was bitten in an alley at Madison and Mayfield, close to Columbus Park. The victim was bitten on the cheek and is recovering from his injuries, however he's undergone several rounds of rabies shots and will need plastic surgery, according to the family friend. Animal control officers captured a handful of coyotes in the area following the attack, but it's not clear if a coyote was responsible for the boy's injuries. Source: http://www.nbcchicago.com/news/local/Boy-Bitten-By-Animal-Possibly-a-Coyote-232009821.html#ixzz2kkYTHsha"
- Finney, Valli (9). "Coyote bit Estero woman in latest attack, report says". Naples Daily News. Retrieved 4 July 2013.
- Bookman, Sandra (27). "Hunt on for Greenburgh coyote that attacked woman". Eyewittness News, WABC-TV, Channel 7. Retrieved 27,.
- Varma, Sonya (12). "Coyote attacks N.B. woman". CBC News. Retrieved 11 January 2013. ""CBC did not show the back of my head were it got a hold of my hair.The also only showed a little bit of my hair that was ripped out I also gota fractured nose where the coyote slamed in my face..I still have Red marks there from the teeth.I was just exsteamly LUCKY theat it didn't break the skin.I also got bruised musles in my back from landing on the ice.So for the people that think I got only a scrape,there u go you know all my injurys.The people that don't believe Are also welcome to come over and take a walk in my back yard and see all the coyote tracks for themselves I also thank all the DNR,andTrappersfor setting all the snares I THAK YOU ALL SO MUCH." — Marie Simon, Saint-Charles, N.B., 2010/02/16 at 4:58 PM ET"
- Powell, Jaime (Posted July 31, 2010 at 9:13 p.m.). "Coyote incidents increasing: Two people in Port Aransas bitten while asleep outside". Corpus Christie Caller-Times. Scripps Interactive Newspapers Group. Retrieved 14 November 2013. "“He bit me four times real quick on the arm and hand,” said Blanton Robertson, 24, who was asleep on a friend’s patio near 11th Street when he was bitten in late May. “I hopped up to my feet, and we ran the coyote off. But he stood there in the street and kind of looked at us for a while.”"
- Port Aransas KRIS TV #4300583 - 04 August 2010 http://www.kristv.com/news/port-a-coyote-attacks-continue-teenage-girl-recovering-after-face-bitten/
- "48-year-old Dalton, MN Man Bitten by Coyote". WDAZ.com. WDAZ Channel 8 ABC Network. 29. Retrieved 25 July 2013. "The Otter Tail County Sheriff's Department says a 48-year-old man was attacked by a coyote. Martin Frohnapfel was walking his dog near a trailer court in Dalton, MN, when a coyote tried to attack the dog. Frohnapfel stepped between them, to fight off the coyote, and was bitten on both hands. - See more at: http://www.wdaz.com/event/article/id/5447/#sthash.EZ0cashC.dpuf"
- Corpus Christi Caller Times 29 January 2011 caller.com http://www.caller.com/news/2011/jan/29/port-aransas-tries-to-control-coyotes-after-of/
- "Brandeis Student Attacked, Possibly By A Coyote". WBZ-Boston. December 13, 2012 10:14 PM. Retrieved 20 October 2013. "A student at Brandeis University is recovering from what the school is calling a possible coyote attack."
- "Possible coyote attack at Mass. university". WBZ-CBS Boston. December 13, 2012 10:14 PM. Retrieved 20 October 2013. "Brandeis University is telling students to be on the lookout for wild animals. The Waltham, Mass. school sent out an advisory saying a female student was possibly bitten by a coyote Wednesday morning. It has not been confirmed that the animal was, in fact, a coyote."
- Prettyman, Brett (9). "State officials investigate coyote attack on Kennecott guard". The Salt Lake Tribune. Retrieved 9 January 2013.
- "Elderly Brevard County woman attacked by coyote". Last Updated: Friday, October 26, 2012, 10:16 AM. Retrieved 21 October 2013. "a woman thought she heard a dog trying to get into her chicken coop in her backyard. When she went to investigate, she hit the animal with a broom and it turned and started to attack her. Her adult daughter, who lived in a separate house on the same property, heard the commotion and got a gun and shot the coyote. Brevard fire officials said the 84-year-old woman was taken to Palm Bay Hospital in stable condition. BCSO, Fire Rescue, as well as the Florida Fish and Wildlife Commission were called to the scene. The coyote was sent to the state lab to test for rabies."
- McCarron, Heather (09). "Wrentham woman bit by coyote, animal control investigating". Country Gazzette. Retrieved 10 May 2013. "It is unknown if the coyote is rabid or was displaying any signs of the illness. In such cases where a contact occurs and a wild animal is not captured, bite victims are usually treated for rabies as a precaution, according to the health board. The woman is undergoing the treatment. Read more: Wrentham woman bit by coyote, animal control investigating - Bellingham, MA - Country Gazette http://www.wickedlocal.com/wrentham/news/x94505817/Wrentham-woman-bit-by-coyote-animal-control-investigating#ixzz2SuWfzQH1 Under Creative Commons License: Attribution Non-Commercial Share Alike Follow us: @WickedLocal on Twitter | 119311408344 on Facebook"
- "Coyote 'plays around' with camper Visitor was outdoors in sleeping bag at Silver Sage Campground". Kamloops The Daily News. 21 May 2013. Retrieved 21 May 2013. "the man was in a sleeping bag outside when the coyote attacked him at about 12:30 a.m. at the campground on Athabasca Street East"
- De Good, Jade (25). "Email claims coyote attack in east Wichita". KWCH 12 Eyewitness News. Retrieved 27 June 2013. "An email sent to homeowners in the Rocky Creek subdivision warns of coyotes in the area. It says, "Last week one of my irrigation guys was attacked by 2 coyotes near the sidewalk west of the bridge... They tore his pants but did not break the skin." The email was initially sent to the Homeowners Association in order to get the word out for people to watch the area."
- Ledford, Chrystal (06). "Dog chases off coyote after it bites owner". Forsyth News. Retrieved 7 September 2013.
- Brice, Jennifer (16). "Coyote Attack Victim Glad It Was Him And Not A Child". Video and Text reports. CBS-4, Denver. Retrieved 17 October 2013. "“So I took my flashlight and hit it over the side of the head to get it to let go. As soon as I got it to let go then another one went to lunge at me. All I really thought to do was swing and knock it to get it from jumping at me again,” Dickehage said. “Picture closing your eyes and having the three figures, you can barely see them, and all you could do is keep your hands up and just make sure that they weren’t going for the face. “You feel the initial impact, and as soon as you felt it, then you could react and go to shove, but, I mean, after that … all I could try doing was make sure I was moving backwards.”"
- "Wildlife officials: Coyotes that attacked Niwot man did not have rabies". ABC Channel 7 News. 23. Retrieved 24 October 2013. "Officers with Colorado Parks and Wildlife said they captured the three coyotes within two days of the attack. "All three animals tested negative for rabies," officials said."
- Greer, Dena (November 2013=A man was attacked Friday morning by a coyote near a country club in Mansfield, said Mansfield Police and an ODNR spokesperson. Police said the victim called 9-1-1 to report seeing a pack of four coyotes around 11 a.m. in the 900 block of Springmill Road near the Westbrook Country Club. Mansfield police responded to the scene to find the man had been bitten, said the ODNR spokesperson. The ODNR game warden was called in to investigate. The spokesperson said the man was transported to the hospital with injuries that appear to be coyote bite marks. ODNR did not find any coyotes in the area, but said the victim’s supervisor and a law enforcement officer reported seeing the coyotes. The victim worked for a golf club in the area.). "Coyote bite sends man to hospital". Mansfield, OH: WEWS-TV ABC News 5. Retrieved 7 November 2013.
- Carr, Dillon (02). "Coyote attacks man near Westbrook Country Club". Richland Source. Retrieved 7 November 2013. "Earlier today, a pack of coyotes reportedly attacked 21 year-old Matthew Storer. The incident occurred while Storer was blowing leaves in a parking lot near Westbrook Country Club off of SR 39. “I was blowing leaves and out of nowhere, a pack of coyotes came up to me and one of them latched onto my arm. I knocked it off and hit it on the snout and went to make some phone calls,” says Storer. Storer went to MedCenrtral but did not receive puncture wounds. He received shots at the hospital for precautionary purposes. “In fifteen years of being a wildlife officer, I have never heard of anything like this,” said Wildlife Officer Greg Wasilewski. He said this seems to be an isolated incident, because something like this does not happen often. “ He [Storer] had his headphones on and his hood up so maybe [the coyote] didn't associate him with being a human being,” said Wasilewski....The officer also pointed out that Richland County has a population of coyotes. A den has been identified near Harmon Street off Bowman Street, which is close to Hamilton Park. The park is set in a neighborhood community. According to the officer, a pack can be as large as 12 to 14 coyotes. “In this situation, there were three coyotes, so we would have to take them all out if we got here in time to see them. It is very hard to do that though,” said Wasilewski."
- Whitmire, Lou (02). "Man escapes coyote pack near country club: Storer was mowing, injured when animals attacked". Mansfield News Journal. Retrieved 7 November 2013. "MANSFIELD — A man who was riding a lawnmower at the former Lumbermens Office Village was taken to the emergency room Friday after he told authorities he was attacked by a pack of coyotes. Matthew Storer said he was on the riding mower, wearing headphones and blowing leaves off the lot when the coyote attacked. “Next thing I know I’ve got a coyote latched to my left arm,” Storer said upon his return to the scene from MedCentral/Mansfield Hospital. Storer said he only suffered scratches and a wound, and did not require stitches, only rabies shots. His arm was injured in the incident which took place just before noon near Westbrook Country Club on Ohio 39, in Mansfield’s northwest side. Mansfield police Sgt. Angie Eichinger said she saw three coyotes when she arrived, but they disappeared into the woods. Police contacted the Richland County game warden, Greg Wasilewski. Wasilewski said he doesn’t know why they attacked the man. “In 15-plus years of being a wildlife officer in Richland County I’ve never heard anything like that,” Wasilewski said. “We get reports of lots of coyotes in the county and it doesn’t sound like it was provoked at all. He didn’t see it coming.” The wildlife officer said he believes it’s an isolated incident. “He had his headphones on and his hoodie up and maybe they didn’t associate him with a human being,” he said. “Typically when coyotes see us they go the other way. People just need to be aware that coyotes are here, don’t let it become a cat and mouse game,” he added. “Don’t turn your back on them.” Wasilewski said the coyotes are long gone and since Storer had a wound, the Mansfield-Ontario-Richland County Health Department would have liked to have the animal tested. Friday was the opening day of small game season, rabbits and pheasants. The incident, albeit unique, did not surprise Wasilewski. “There’s coyotes in the county, they live in Mansfield, the townships. We have to co-exist with them. We have to be aware of them,” he said. Storer said he escaped them by driving the lawnmower away from the coyotes. Coyotes usually travel in a family unit when they are hunting or foraging for food. Wasilewski said he never says never or always in his job. “When you’re dealing with wildlife, they’re unpredictable,” he said. “We manage wildlife in the state of Ohio and we discourage people from having wild animals as pets because they are unpredictable. This is a good example of this, you can’t trust them. They are wild animals for a reason.” Eric Howarth, golf course superintendent at Westbrook, said he sees the coyotes around every morning, but they usually have not been a problem. “Our deer population has gone down,” he said, noting the deer have probably been killed by the coyotes."