Cozumel Island coati

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Cozumel Island coati
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Family: Procyonidae
Genus: Nasua
Species: N. narica
Subspecies: N. n. nelsoni
Trinomial name
Nasua narica nelsoni
Merriam, 1901
Cozumel Raccoon area.png
Cozumel Island coati range

The Cozumel Island coati (Nasua narica nelsoni) is a coati from the Mexican island of Cozumel. It is in the family Procyonidae, which also includes raccoons, olingos, and kinkajous. It has been treated as a species, but the vast majority of recent authorities treat it as a subspecies of the white-nosed coati.[1][2][3][4] Cozumel Island coatis are slightly smaller than the white-nosed coatis of the adjacent mainland (N. n. yucatanica); but, when compared more widely to white-nosed coatis, the difference in size is not as clear.[5] The level of other differences also support its status as a subspecies rather than a separate species.[5]

It has been speculated that it is the result of an ancient introduction to Cozumel by the Mayans,[6] Although not rated by the IUCN (where included in the widespread white-nosed coati),[4] it is believed that the Cozumel Island coati is highly threatened and close to extinction.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Wozencraft, W. C. (2005). "Order Carnivora". In Wilson, D. E.; Reeder, D. M. Mammal Species of the World (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 625–626. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494. 
  2. ^ Kays, R. (2009). White-nosed Coati (Nasua narica), pp. 527-528 in: Wilson, D. E., and R. A. Mittermeier, eds. (2009). Handbook of the Mammals of the World. Vol. 1, Carnivores. ISBN 978-84-96553-49-1
  3. ^ Reid, Fiona A. (1997). A Field Guide to the Mammals of Central America and Southeast Mexico. pp. 259–260. ISBN 0-19-506400-3. OCLC 34633350. 
  4. ^ a b Samudio, R., Kays, R., Cuarón, A.D., Pino, J.L. & Helgen, K. (2008). Nasua narica. In: IUCN 2008. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Retrieved 6 May 2012.
  5. ^ a b Decker, D. M. (1991). Systematics Of The Coatis, Genus Nasua (Mammalia, Procyonidae). Proceedings of The Biological Society of Washington 104: 370-386
  6. ^ Nowak, R., eds. (1999). Walker's Mammals of the World. Vol. 1, p. 700. Baltimore, Maryland: The Johns Hopkins University Press University Press. ISBN 0-8018-5789-9
  7. ^ McFadden, K. W.; García-Vasco. D.; Cuarón, A. D.; Valenzuela-Galván, D.; Medellín, R. A.; Gompper, M. E. (2009-08-15). "Vulnerable island carnivores: the endangered endemic dwarf procyonids from Cozumel Island". Biodiversity and Conservation 19 (2): 491–502. doi:10.1007/s10531-009-9701-8. Retrieved 2012-05-06.