Craig County, Virginia

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Craig County, Virginia
Craig County VA courthouse.jpg
Craig County Courthouse in New Castle, Virginia
Map of Virginia highlighting Craig County
Location in the state of Virginia
Map of the United States highlighting Virginia
Virginia's location in the U.S.
Founded 1851
Named for Robert Craig
Seat New Castle
Largest town New Castle
Area
 • Total 331 sq mi (857 km2)
 • Land 330 sq mi (855 km2)
 • Water 1.1 sq mi (3 km2), 0.3%
Population
 • (2010) 5,190
 • Density 26/sq mi (10/km²)
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.craigcountyva.gov

Craig County is a county located in the Commonwealth of Virginia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 5,190.[1] Its county seat is New Castle.[2]

Craig County is part of the Roanoke Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Nestled in the mountains of Southwest Virginia, Craig County was named for Robert Craig, a 19th-century Virginia congressman. Formed from Botetourt, Roanoke, Giles, and Monroe (in present-day West Virginia) Counties in 1851, it was enlarged with several subsequent additions from neighboring counties. The secluded, mountainous New Castle community, the county seat, features one of the commonwealth's antebellum court complexes, including a porticoed courthouse built in 1851. Craig Healing Springs, a collection of well-preserved early-20th-century resort buildings representative of the architecture of Virginia's more modest mountain spas, is located here.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 330.6 square miles (856.3 km2), of which 329.5 square miles (853.4 km2) is land and 1.1 square miles (2.8 km2) (0.3%) is water.[3]

Adjacent Counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 3,553
1870 2,942 −17.2%
1880 3,794 29.0%
1890 3,835 1.1%
1900 4,293 11.9%
1910 4,711 9.7%
1920 4,100 −13.0%
1930 3,562 −13.1%
1940 3,769 5.8%
1950 3,452 −8.4%
1960 3,356 −2.8%
1970 3,524 5.0%
1980 3,948 12.0%
1990 4,372 10.7%
2000 5,091 16.4%
2010 5,190 1.9%
Est. 2012 5,213 0.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[4]
1790-1960[5] 1900-1990[6]
1990-2000[7] 2010-2012[1]

As of the census[8] of 2000, there were 5,091 people, 2,060 households, and 1,507 families residing in the county. The population density was 15 people per square mile (6/km²). There were 2,554 housing units at an average density of 8 per square mile (3/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 98.94% White, 0.20% Black or African American, 0.22% Native American, 0.16% Asian, 0.14% from other races, and 0.35% from two or more races. 0.33% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 2,060 households out of which 30.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.90% were married couples living together, 7.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.80% were non-families. 23.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.88.

In the county, the population was spread out with 23.60% under the age of 18, 6.40% from 18 to 24, 29.70% from 25 to 44, 26.70% from 45 to 64, and 13.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 103.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $37,314, and the median income for a family was $41,750. Males had a median income of $26,713 versus $21,337 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,322. About 6.60% of families and 10.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.90% of those under age 18 and 10.50% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

Board of Supervisors[edit]

Craig City District: Fred Craft (Vice Chairman) (I)

Craig Creek District: Keith Dunbar (I)

New Castle District: Millie Harrison (Chairwoman) (I)

Potts Mountain District: Carl Bailey (I)

Simonsville District: Martha Murphy (I)

Constitutional Officers[edit]

Clerk of the Circuit Court: Sharon P. Oliver (I)

Commissioner of the Revenue: Elizabeth Huffman (I)

Commonwealth's Attorney: Thaddeus R. Cox (I)

Sheriff: Clifford Davidson (I)

Treasurer: Jackie Parsons (I)

Craig County is represented by Republican Stephen D. "Steve" Newman in the Virginia Senate, Republican Gregory D. Habeeb in the Virginia House of Delegates, and Republican H. Morgan Griffith in the U.S. House of Representatives.

Politics[edit]

Presidential election results
Year GOP DEM Others
2008 64.7% 1,695 33.5% 877 1.9% 49
2004 65.1% 1,706 34.4% 901 0.5% 14
2000 63.4% 1,580 34.1% 851 2.7% 62
1996 45.3% 979 41.5% 895 13.2% 285
1992 43.9% 1,008 42.0% 965 14.1% 324
1988 55.5% 1,112 43.1% 864 1.4% 29
1984 57.7% 1,173 41.6% 845 0.7% 15
1980 43.2% 768 53.2% 946 3.6% 65
1976 32.8% 546 66.2% 1,103 1.1% 18
1972 63.4% 774 34.8% 425 1.7% 21
1968 46.2% 581 33.3% 419 20.3% 256
1964 38.3% 477 61.7% 767 0.0% 0
1960 44.8% 433 55.2% 534 0.0% 0

Communities[edit]

Town[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 1, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  4. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 1, 2014. 
  5. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 1, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 1, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 1, 2014. 
  8. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 

Coordinates: 37°29′N 80°13′W / 37.49°N 80.22°W / 37.49; -80.22