Crakehall

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Crakehall
Crakehall.jpg
The east end of the village, known as Great Crakehall.
Crakehall is located in North Yorkshire
Crakehall
Crakehall
 Crakehall shown within North Yorkshire
OS grid reference SE243899
   – London 203 mi (327 km)  SSE
District Hambleton
Shire county North Yorkshire
Region Yorkshire and the Humber
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town BEDALE
Postcode district DL8 1
Dialling code 01677
Police North Yorkshire
Fire North Yorkshire
Ambulance Yorkshire
EU Parliament Yorkshire and the Humber
UK Parliament Richmond
List of places
UK
England
Yorkshire

Coordinates: 54°18′18″N 1°37′36″W / 54.3049°N 1.6266°W / 54.3049; -1.6266

Crakehall is a village and civil parish in the Hambleton district of North Yorkshire, England, approximately 2 miles (3 km) west of Bedale. The village is split into two parts by Bedale Beck, a tributary of the River Swale. The north-west part is known as Little Crakehall, and the south-east part as Great Crakehall and lies along the route of the A684. It is 8.3 miles (13.4 km) west-south-west of the county town of Northallerton.

History[edit]

The White Cross at Great Crakehall was near the site of Bedale cattle market in medieval times.

The village is mentioned in the Domesday Book as Crachele. It was part of the head manor of Masham. The manor lands were split between Gilli and Ulfkil before the Norman conquest. After 1086 the manor was tenanted to two men-at-arms of the household of Count Alan of Brittany.[1] The line of descent for the manor follows that of Ribald of Middleham, whose main tenants were named 'Crakehall', until 1624. From then it was granted by the Crown to Edward and Robert Ramsay until they granted it to John Heath and John White around 1658. Records thereafter are unclear until mention of the manor being ion the possession of the Place family in the early 18th century. From 1732 to 1810 the manor was passed from Henry Goddard via Mary Turner, Watson Bowman and Anthony Hardolph Eyre to Henry Pulleine. Pulleine's grandadughter, Lady Cowell, inherited in the late 19th century. That part of the manor that was in Little Crakehall was held by the 'Crakehall' Family until the 14th century and it eventually passed to Christopher Conyers of Hornby whose descent it followed thereafter.[2][3]

The etymology of the name of the village is made of the Old Norse word kráka meaning crow or raven and the Anglian word halh meaning a nook of land. Kráka could also have been the given name to a person.[4][5]

By the stream is the 17th-century corn mill, once owned by the Neville family of Middleham Castle. The mill closed in 1930 and lay derelict until it was restored in 1980. It is open in the summer.[6]

The Northallerton to Hawes branch Line of the North Eastern Railway passes to the south of the village and had a halt where the Station Cottages now stand.[7] The Wensleydale Railway now runs over the same track.

Geography and governance[edit]

Crakehall Beck becomes Bedale Beck as it passes through the village. Bedale Beck is a tributary of the River Swale 4.6 miles (7.4 km) to the east of the village. It lies just 2 miles (3.2 km) north west of the market town of Bedale and 3 miles (4.8 km) west of Leeming Bar on the A1(M) near to RAF Leeming. The smaller settlements of Kirkbridge, Langthorne and Patrick Brompton all lie within a mile distance of the village.

The village lies within the UK Parliamentary constituency of Richmond (Yorkshire). It also lies within the Bedale electoral division of North Yorkshire County Council and the Crakehall ward of Hambleton District Council.[8] The Parish Council has six members, five represent Crakehall and one for Langthorne.[9]

Demography[edit]

Population[10][11][12]
Year 1881 1891 1901 1911 1921 1931 1951 1961 2001 2011
Total 484 444 396 420 373 399 384 372 655 677

2001 Census[edit]

According to the 2001 UK Census, the parish was 48.2% male and 51.8% female of the total population of 655. The religious make-up was 87.5% Christian with the rest stating no religion. The ethnic distribution was 100% White There were 297 dwellings.

2011 Census[edit]

According to the 2011 UK Census, the parish had a total population of 677 with 49.3% male and 50.7% female. The religious make-up was 78.3% Christian, a small Jewish minority with the rest stating no religion. The ethnic distribution was 99.8% White with a small Mixed Ethnic minority. There were 300 dwellings.

Community[edit]

Crakehall CE Primary School provides education from age 5 to 11. It is a Voluntary Controlled establishment with a pupil capacity of 90.[13] The school is within the catchment area of Bedale High School for secondary education between age 11 and 16.[14] The village is served by a mobile Post Office which visits three times a week. There is one public house in the village, The Bay Horse. The village field a weekend Cricket team in the Nidderdale League and a midweek evening team in the Wensleydale League.[9]

Religion[edit]

Saint Gregory Crakehall

The church in the village is dedicated to St Gregory and was built in 1839-1840.[3] It is part of the Deanary of Wensley and the Archdeaconary of Richmond.[15] The Wesleyan chapel on Station Road was built at the same time in the village, but has now moved to a newer building opposite built in 1935.[3][9] The Primitive Methodists had a chapel in Little Crakehall built in 1855.[3]

Notable buildings[edit]

Crakehall Hall, built in 1732, is situated in the village overlooking the 5-acre village green. It was once the country seat of the Duke of Leeds, who lived at Kiveton Park in South Yorkshire. It is a Grade II* listed building.[16]

A Bronze Age round barrow, identified at grid reference SE235886 as a Tumulus and 540 m south-west of the Bay Horse Inn, is a scheduled ancient monument.[17]

The White Cross is a Grade II listed mediaeval cross which stands at the side of the A684.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Crakehall in the Domesday Book. Retrieved 21 December 2013.
  2. ^ "History". Retrieved 14 December 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c d Bulmer's Topography, History and Directory (Private and Commercial) of North Yorkshire 1890. S&N Publishing. 1890. pp. 411–413. ISBN 1-86150-299-0. 
  4. ^ Watts (2011). Cambridge Dictionary of English Place-names. Cambridge University Press. p. 128. ISBN 978-0521168557. 
  5. ^ A.D. Mills (1998). Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford Paperbacks. p. 136. ISBN 978-0192800749. 
  6. ^ "Water Mill". Retrieved 21 December 2013. 
  7. ^ Butt, R. V. J. (1995). The Directory of Railway Stations: details every public and private passenger station, halt, platform and stopping place, past and present (1st ed.). Sparkford: Patrick Stephens Ltd. p. 70. ISBN 1-8526-0508-1. OCLC 60251199. 
  8. ^ Ordnance Survey Open Viewer
  9. ^ a b c "Parish Council". Retrieved 21 December 2013. 
  10. ^ "Population at Censuses". Vision of Britain. 2009. Retrieved 31 May 2013. 
  11. ^ "2001 UK Census". Office for National Statistics. 2002. Retrieved 31 May 2013. 
  12. ^ "2011 UK Census". Office for National Statistics. 2013. Retrieved 31 May 2013. 
  13. ^ "Crakehall CE Primary School". Retrieved 21 December 2013. 
  14. ^ "North Yorkshire Secondary School Catchment Areas". North Yorkshire County Council. Retrieved 21 December 2013. 
  15. ^ "St Gregory's Crakehall". The Church of England. Retrieved 21 December 2013. 
  16. ^ English Heritage. "Crakehall Hall and garden walls (1150922)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 8 December 2013. 
  17. ^ English Heritage. "Round barrow 1/3 mile (540m) SW of Black Horse Inn (1004150)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 8 December 2013. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Crakehall at Wikimedia Commons