|This article needs additional citations for verification. (April 2009)|
The parish church of St. Nicholas
Cramlington shown within Northumberland
|Population||39,000 (2004 est.)|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||North East England|
|UK Parliament||Blyth Valley|
Cramlington is a town and civil parish in the county of Northumberland, North East England, situated 9 miles (14 km) north of the city of Newcastle upon Tyne. The town's name suggests a probable founding by the Danes or an Anglo-Saxon origin, the word "ton" meaning town. The population was estimated as 39,000 in 2004. It sits on the border between Northumberland and North Tyneside with the traffic interchange at Moor Farm, Annitsford (in the latter) linking the two areas.
The first record of the Manor of Cramlington is from a mention in 1135 when the land was granted to Nicholas de Grenville. A register of early chaplains begins with John the Clerk of Cramlington (c. 1163–1180). The register continues to the present day.
From the 12th century onwards, its history has been mostly rural incorporating several farms and the parish church of St. Nicholas (built at a cost of £3,000 during 1865–1868 in the Gothic style). During the early 19th century, coal mining with several mine shafts in the immediate vicinity began to change that. In 1813 Collingwood Main Colliery suffered an explosion of firedamp in which 8 people were killed. Six miners were carrying timber through the "old workings" when their candles set fire to firedamp. The resulting afterdamp and chokedamp resulted in a wider loss of life to men and horses. It remained small, however, until 1964 when it was proclaimed a New Town and developers such as William Leech and J.T. Bell developed large housing estates. Those estates have since been named Beaconhill, Collingwood, Eastfield, Mayfield, Shankhouse, Southfield, and Whitelea and the town has effectively become a dormitory town of the much larger city to its south.
During World War I, the North East of England was protected by the No. 36 Home Defence Squadron. The squadron was formed at Cramlington on 1 February 1916 by Capt. R. O. Abercromby, with Cramlington subsequently becoming an important base for military planes and airships. The Airship Station was at Nelson Village. A reference to Cramlington airfield is made in W. E. Johns 1935 book The Black Peril from the extremely popular Biggles series.
During the BBC Domesday Project in 1986 it was recorded that Cramlington's population was around 30,000.
With the establishment of the new town, the area was arranged into estates, primarily with a designator of the part of the town in which the estate was to be found.
The estates are:
- Northburn (constructed between the late 1980s and the 1990s)
- Eastfield (constructed primarily in the late 1970s with an estate added in the mid-1990s)
- Westwood (constructed in the early 1980s)
- Southfield (constructed in the early 1970s)
- Southfield Gardens (constructed in the early 2000s)
- Mayfield (partially existing prior to the new town designation but with addition building in the late 1960s)
- Whitelea (one of the earliest of the new town estates, constructed in the late 1960s and early 1970s)
- Barns Park (constructed in the 1970s)
- Parkside (constructed in the 1970s)
- Beacon Hill (constructed in the 1970s)
- Beacon Lea (constructed in the 1970s)
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There are several large industrial zones in Cramlington, most to the town's north-west near the sewage treatment plant, housing major pharmaceutical companies including Merck Sharp and Dohme. Other growing chemical companies including Aesica Pharmaceuticals are also present. The Officers Club menswear firm previously had its headquarters and supply warehouse in Cramlington, in part of the old Wilkinson Blade factory while other companies such as GE Oil & Gas also occupy large sites.
The Manor Walks shopping centre was constructed in the centre of the town in the 1970s, and was subsequently expanded in the mid-1990s and in 2003/4. The centre now includes retailers such as Argos, Asda, Boots, Next and Sainsbury's. In 2011, plans were put forward to revamp the main center and build a new cinema. The scheme also includes improved retail facilities, restaurants and cafes and more car parking spaces.
Manor Walks was extended into the southern car park in 2012 / 2013 and a new Vue Cinema and two new restaurants opened in July 2013. This coincided with the re-opening of a prominent pub in the town (previously the Traveller's Rest but now named John the Clerk of Cramlington). It is hoped that these developments will boost the town's leisure and visitor economies.
Plessey Woods Country Park lies just to the north of Cramlington, with the River Blyth flowing through the country park. Northumberlandia, a huge land sculpture in the shape of a reclining female figure is located on the outskirts of Cramlington. Within the town itself, Nelson Hill is a prominent landmark to the north of the town centre.
Cramlington has an extensive bus service which is provided by Arriva North East, including a number of express services to Newcastle upon Tyne.
Cramlington is located approximately 12 miles from Newcastle International Airport and 10 miles from North Shields International Ferry Terminal.
In line with many of the UK's post-war New Towns, Cramlington has an extensive bicycle network. With a grid spacing of approximately 500m, segregated cycle routes are provided free of motorised traffic.
Until September 2008, all schools in Northumberland operated under a three tier system, however, following a decision to convert the county to a two tier system, Cramlington was chosen as one of the first towns to complete this. Prior to the closure of the area's many middle schools, [clarification needed] some primary schools relocated to the former middle school sites. There had been concern from local residents over traffic and parking arrangements at the new sites.
Cramlington Learning Village
In September 2008 Cramlington Community High School was renamed Cramlington Learning Village in line with the transfer from three to two tiers. The village has three sections: a Junior Learning Village (for Years 7 and 8), a Senior Learning Village (for Years 9 to 11) and an Advanced Learning Village (for Years 12 and 13). The school has been rated outstanding in its last 4 OFSTED inspections.
Cramlington has a number of Christian churches of various denominations:
- Doxford Place Methodist Church
- Welcome Methodist Church (formerly Station Terrace Methodist Church)
- St. Nicholas Parish Church
- St. Andrew's
- St. Peter's
- St. Paul's
Cramlington's main leisure centre, Concordia, is situated in the town centre adjacent to the shopping mall and was opened by Queen Elizabeth II in 1977. It consists of a leisure pool, originally designed as an indoor tropical paradise, indoor football pitches, tennis, badminton and squash courts, as well as a climbing wall. It also features a gymnasium, sauna, bowling green, and bar. 2008 sees a number of improvements to the centre to bring it in line with the current Disability Discrimination laws in England.
As part of the new town design, the town has a large cycle path network. A cycle route also connects the town to the nearest beach, in Blyth. As of late March 2007, Blyth Valley council have announced that the cycle network is to be extended to allow access to the neighbouring town of Bedlington.
Cramlington participates in a town twinning scheme with three other towns — two in Germany and one in the Russian Federation.
|Country||Place||County / District / Region / State||Date|
|Russian Federation||Gelendzhik||Krasnodar Krai||1991|
- Ross Noble, comedian
- Sting, musician, briefly was a schoolteacher at St Paul's Roman Catholic Voluntary Aided First School
- Charles Fenwick, trade unionist
- Ray Stevenson, actor
- Sam Heads, entomologist and palaeontologist
- Footballers Alan Shearer, Steven Taylor and Peter Ramage played youth football for Cramlington Juniors F.C.
- Joe Brown, football player in the 1940s and 1950s, Burnley manager
- James Brown, Hartlepool United striker was born in Cramlington
- Jimmy Isaac, footballer in the 1930s and 1940s for Huddersfield Town
- Andy Sinton, former Sheffield Wednesday and Spurs footballer
- Roger Uttley, former England national Rugby Union player, was a sports teacher at Cramlington High School
- Gary Robson, professional darts player
- Peter Haddock, professional football player lived in Cramlington; most notable for playing for Leeds United, he also played for Newcastle United and Burnley
- Jamie McClen, footballer
- John Carver, former footballer, assistant manager at Newcastle United
- Mark Clattenburg, Premier League referee
- Michael Oliver (referee), youngest ever Premier League referee, resides in Cramlington
- Stephen Caldwell, former Newcastle United Defender and current Burnley captain and Scotland international, once lived in the town's centre while he was at Newcastle
- Stephen Miller, Paralympic triple Gold Medalist comes from Cramlington
- Martin Brittain, professional footballer and former Newcastle United and current Gateshead F.C. midfielder
- Martin Taylor, professional footballer currently with Sheffield Wednesday; attended Cramlington High School
- Thomson, Thomas, ed. (1814), Annals of Philosophy II, Robert Baldwin, pp. 284 – 287, retrieved 14 December 2014
- Durham Mining Museum (28 February 2014), Burdon Main Colliery, retrieved 14 December 2014
- "Officers Club Contact Details". The Officers Club. Retrieved 2 November 2009.
- "Officers Club deal saves 900 jobs". BBC News. 23 December 2008. Retrieved 24 December 2008.
- "GE in the UK". Retrieved 21 June 2010.
- This was completed in 2014 with Cramlington now home to a brand new Vue multi screen cinema, the revamped units that line the extended car park are currently occupied by, The Seven Oaks a Hungry Horse pub, Prezzo, Frankie & Benny's, Red China buffet, Saks Hair Salon, Domino's Pizza, Subway & Ladbrokes "Works starts on new Cramlington cinema". Newcastle Chronicle.
- "Cramlington £200m redevelopment 'to create 500 new jobs'". BBC News. 22 December 201. Check date values in:
- "Site visits to schools as residents raise issues". Blyth-wansbecktoday.co.uk (27 March 2007); retrieved on 20 July 2013.
- Cramllington Learning Village: "We have been graded 'outstanding' in the last four OFSTED inspections."; accessed 20 September 2014.
- "The Blagdon Arms". Images of England. English Heritage. Retrieved 21 April 2009.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Cramlington.|
- History of the No. 36 Home Defence squadron
- Northumberland Communities Photos and maps of Cramlington from 1610–1910.
- Cramlington United FC Children's football in Cramlington for kids from aged 4 to young adult.