Cranaus

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

In Greek mythology, Cranaus (Ancient Greek: Κραναός) was the second King of Athens, succeeding Cecrops I. He is supposed to have reigned for either nine or ten years.

He was autochthonous (born from the earth), like his predecessor. He married Pedias, a Spartan woman and daughter of Mynes, with whom he had three daughters: Cranae, Cranaechme (alternate reading: Menaechme), and Atthis.[1] Atthis gave her name to Attica after dying, possibly as a young girl,[1][2][3] although in other traditions she was the mother, by Hephaestus, of Erichthonius. Rarus was also given as a son of Cranaus.[4]

During his reign the flood of the Deucalion story was thought to have occurred. In some accounts, Deucalion is said to have fled Lycorea to Athens with his sons Hellen and Amphictyon.[5][6] Deucalion died shortly thereafter and was said to have been buried near Athens. Amphictyon is said to have married one of the daughters of Cranaus.

Cranaus was deposed by Amphictyon son of Deucalion, who was himself later deposed by Erichthonius.[7] Cranaus fled to Lamptrae, where he died and was buried. His tomb was still there in the times of Pausanias.[8] Cranaus was venerated as hero in Athens; his priests came from the family Charidae.[9]

The people of Attica were referred to as Kranaoi[10] after Cranaus, and Athens as Kranaa[11] or Kranaai.[12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca, 3. 14. 5
  2. ^ Pausanias, Description of Greece, 1. 2. 6
  3. ^ Strabo, Geography, 9. 1. 18
  4. ^ Hesychius of Alexandria s. v. Kranaou hyios
  5. ^ Parian Chronicle, 4 - 7
  6. ^ Eusebius, Chronicle, 2, p. 26
  7. ^ Ps.-Apollod. 3. 14. 6
  8. ^ Pausanias, Description of Greece, 1. 31. 3
  9. ^ Hesychius of Alexandria s. v. Kharidai
  10. ^ Aristophanes, Birds 123; Herodotus, Histories, 8. 44; Suda s. v. Kranaōn; Aeschylus, Eumenides 993: "children of Cranaus"
  11. ^ Aristophanes, Acharnians, 75; Lysistrata, 481; Stephanus of Byzantium s. v. Kranaē
  12. ^ Pindar, Olympian Ode 7. 82

Sources[edit]

Regnal titles
Preceded by
Cecrops I
King of Athens Succeeded by
Amphictyon