||This article may contain an excessive amount of intricate detail that may only interest a specific audience. (March 2012)|
|Population||18,622 (2011 census)|
|• Density||1,940/km2 (5,024/sq mi)|
|Elevation||62 m (203 ft)|
|Area||9.6 km2 (3.7 sq mi)|
|LGA(s)||City of Casey|
Cranbourne is a suburb in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 43 km south-east of Melbourne's central business district. Its local government area is the City of Casey. At the 2011 Census, Cranbourne had a population of 18,622.
The greater Cranbourne area consists of Cranbourne, Cranbourne North, Cranbourne East, Cranbourne South, Cranbourne West. Some suburbs and townships that surround Cranbourne are Narre Warren South, Devon Meadows, Langwarrin, Clyde, and Junction Village.
Prior to European settlement the Cranbourne area is thought to have been occupied by the Boonwurrung Aboriginal people. The first white settlers, the Ruffy brothers, arrived in 1836. They later opened the Cranbourne Inn.
The area was greatly opened up by settlers from the 1860s. Cranbourne Post Office had opened on 1 August 1857.
Progress in developing the land around Cranbourne was hampered by the Koo Wee Rup swampland. However William Lyall (who bought land in the swamp area) assisted in coordinating the draining of the swamp to make it usable as farmland.
Cranbourne was, from 1860 until 1994, the administrative centre of the Shire of Cranbourne, (known for most of 1994 as the City of Cranbourne). The council building is still in existence, and is now used as a health care centre known as 'The Cranbourne Integrated Care Centre'. Prior to 1978, Council met at the Old Shire Offices, on the corner of Sladen Street and South Gippsland Highway.
At the 2006 census Cranbourne had a population of 14,750.
In the south of Cranbourne is the Royal Botanic Gardens, Cranbourne, and the Cranbourne Racecourse & Recreation Reserve. Cranbourne also contains the Cranbourne Golf Club, the Amstel Golf Club, the Ranfurlie Golf Club and an indoor swimming pool.
- The Casey Complex was opened in December 1994 by the former City of Cranbourne. It is located off Berwick Cranbourne Road, and features a wide variety of community facilities, including The Shed (an indoor skating facility), the Cranbourne Indoor Sports Centre (basketball, netball, and indoor soccer), the Cranbourne Branch of the Casey-Cardinia Library Corporation
- The Factory – Rehearsal Centre for the Arts (Cranbourne, Caseyville (traffic school) and Bowland (a ten-pin bowling complex) 24 lanes.
- The new Cranbourne Multicultural Community Centre is set to open in early 2007. Contractors, on behalf of Casey City Council are currently building a new indoor swimming complex which will open in mid-2009. It will include a new wave pool, main lap pool (50m), slides and a hydrotherapy pool. This will be based next to the Casey Complex. Along Berwick-Cranbourne Road is the new Casey Fields Complex
Schools in the Cranbourne area include:
- St. Peter's College,
- St. Agatha's Catholic School,
- St. Therese's Catholic Primary School,
- Cranbourne Secondary College,
- Lyndhurst Secondary College (formerly known as Cranbourne Meadows Technical School),
- Casey Grammar School (formerly known as Cranbourne Christian College),
- Cranbourne Primary School,
- Cranbourne North East Primary School,
- Cranbourne East Primary School,
- Cranbourne East Secondary College,
- Lyndhurst Primary School,
- Alkira Secondary College (formerly known as Casey Central Secondary College),
- Marnebek School,
- Hillsmeade Primary School,
- Cranbourne South Primary School,
- Cranbourne Park Primary School,
- Cranbourne West Primary School,
- Rangebank Primary School,
- Courtenay Gardens Primary School,
- Cranbourne Specialist School.
- Chisholm Institute of TAFE also has a campus in Cranbourne, to the city's east. To cater for the growth in Cranbourne several primary schools have been proposed.
FReZza or Spectrum Entertainment run occasional youth programs including All Ages music events, charity programs and other youth services. Over the years a number of local artists have emerged that have featured at many of Spectrum Entertainment's live events. These include bands such as Josh Wins Again, Arpejio, Closure in Moscow, Ellora just to name a few who have all hailed from Cranbourne or the City of Casey
Cranbourne has two major shopping precincts. In the north of Cranbourne, on the corner of Thompson Road and the South Gippsland Highway is the Thompson Parkway Shopping Centre (anchored by Safeway) and Cranbourne Homemaker Centre complex with JB Hi Fi, The Good Guys, Officeworks, La Porchetta, Hungry Jacks and more major stores. This complex has largely developed around the Bunnings Warehouse. In the centre of town is High Street and Centro Cranbourne, anchored by a 21 aisle Coles Supermarket and an 8 aisle Woolworths supermarkets, and Kmart Australia, Homeart, Harris Scarfe, Manchester and More, Best & Less, Reject Shop, Priceline and Dick Smith Electronics department stores. The centre previously included a 5-cinema complex. Smaller shopping centres include the Sandhurst Shopping Centre anchored by an 11 aisle Coles Supermarket in Cranbourne West, and the planned Hunt Club Shopping Centre development. Other supermarkets include an Aldi Supermarket in Bakewell St and Ritchies Supermarket in the High Street Retail area.
Cranbourne is home to several churches. These include the Cranbourne Salvation Army, Cranbourne Baptist Church, the Anglican Regional Church Cranbourne, Cranbourne Regional Uniting Church,Freedom Christian Church(Assemblies of God), Cranbourne Presbyterian Church, St Agathas Catholic Church, Life Community Church, TurningPoint Church and the Cranbourne Ward of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Cranbourne North has Hope Christian Centre.
Sports facilities and clubs
Australian Football/Cricket There are 9 Australian football/cricket ovals available at J&P Camm Reserve (2 ovals), the Donnelly Recreation Reserve (2 ovals), the Clyde Recreation Reserve (1 oval), the Lawson Poole Reserve (2 ovals), the Junction Village Reserve (1 oval) and the Glover Recreation Reserve (1 oval). Eight of the nine ovals each have a synthetic centre cricket wicket, whilst the E.G. Allen Oval at the Cranbourne Racecourse and Recreation Reserve has a turf centre wicket. The Cranbourne Cricket Club was established in 1881 with the Cranbourne Football Club established in 1889. There are 2 rugby fields at the Lawson Poole Reserve (1 field) and the Clyde Recreation Reserve (1 field). Sports reserves There are currently 3 football fields available on the Cranbourne Racecourse & Recreation Reserve. The town has an Australian Rules football team competing in the Mornington Peninsula Nepean Football League.
Soccer/Football Casey Comets Football Club is a soccer team which plays on O'Tooles Road at Comets Stadium. In 2009 the club has senior teams in the FFV Victorian State League 2 South East & the FFV Victorian Women's Premier League.
Basketball and Netball There are 6 basketball courts available at the Terry Vickerman Centre at the Casey Indoor Leisure Complex (shared netball). There is a netball court the Glover Recreation Reserve (1 outdoor court).
Tennis There are 32 tennis courts available at Cranbourne Tennis Club, Cranbourne Racecourse & Recreation Reserve (6 porous)and Casey Fields(10 poly clay and 2 plexipave); the Clyde Tennis Club, Clyde Recreation Reserve (6 plexipave); the Devon Meadows Tennis Club, Glover Recreation Reserve (6 poly clay); and the Cranbourne South Tennis Club, Morning Mist Recreation Reserve (2 artificial grass; 2 plexipave). There are an additional 8 courts (sand-filled artificial grass) available inside the Terry Vickerman Centre at the Casey Indoor Leisure Complex.
There are three golf courses privately owned and managed:
- Amstel Golf Club (public course).
- Ranfurlie Golf Club (members course).
- Cranbourne Golf Club (public course).
Horse Riding and Racing
Club-based horse riding is available at the Morning Mist Recreation Reserve. There are other privately owned and managed facilities, such as the Briars Equestrian Centre in Clyde. Both Cranbourne greyhound and harness racing clubs are on Grant Street.
Shooting facilities are available at the Cranbourne Dandenong Pistol Club (Cranbourne Racecourse & Recreation Reserve). The Cranbourne RSL Gun Club (Thompsons Road, Cranbourne North) was demolished in late 2006, the Victorian Deer Association now meet at Akoonah Park in Berwick.
- Merinda Park (outdoor skate park).
The MRA Cranbourne GP Run is held each year on the Saturday of the Australian Motorcycle Grand Prix.
- Casey Radio 97.7FM
The terminus of the Cranbourne railway line is at Cranbourne railway station. The Cranbourne line is part of the South Gippsland Railway, which is currently disused between Cranbourne and the start of the private South Gippsland Tourist Railway in Nyora. The Cranbourne Line is to be extended by 2 km to Cranbourne East by 2015, as stated in the Victorian Transport Plan.
The restoration and reopening of the disused line was proposed by the Victorian Government in 2001, at which time the government described the line as being in a state of significant disrepair. By 2008, a report had concluded that the rail service to Leongatha would not be restored due to the high cost in returning services. Instead, extra money will be spent on improving road coach services.
Vic Roads have upgraded Sladen Street between Hall Road and Lamb Street to a fully duplicated road. Duplication is now continuing westards towards Western Port Highway. This duplication will include a roundabout at Pearcedale Road.
Thompson Road at Cranbourne North was duplicated to full dual carriageway conditions between Lesdon Avenue and Narre-Warren Cranbourne Road. There are now three lanes in either direction between Lesdon Avenue and Rosebank Drive, and two lanes in either direction onwards to Narre Warren- Cranbourne Road.
The Cranbourne Stink
Since 2007 residents of Cranbourne, especially of the Brookland Greens residential estate, have been concerned with potentially deadly levels of methane gas in their neighbourhood. In 2008 residents were told to evacuate as methane levels reached as high as 60 percent, many times the level at which explosions may occur.
The source of the methane was identified to be the closed Stevensons Road landfill which operated until 2005. The City of Casey council implemented a range of measures to limit the escaping methane and the EPA continues to monitor the site.
In 2009 residents raised complaints against the Cranbourne Waste Transfer Station, which sits on a site adjacent to the Stevensons Road landfill. About 400 signatories have signed a petition for the closure of this facility.
- "2011 Census QuickStats: Cranbourne". Australia Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 17 December 2012.
- Premier Postal History, Post Office List, retrieved 2008-04-11
- 'Into the Dawn Of A New Day, Cranbourne Shire 1968-1988
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Cranbourne (State Suburb)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 2007-09-15.
- Full Points Footy, Cranbourne, retrieved 2008-07-25 Archived 7 June 2011 at the Wayback Machine
- Golf Select, Amstel, retrieved 2009-05-11
- Golf Select, Ranfurlie, retrieved 2009-05-11
- Golf Select, Cranbourne, retrieved 2009-05-11
- Country Racing Victoria, Cranbourne Turf Club, retrieved 2009-05-07[dead link]
- Australian Harness Racing, Cranbourne, retrieved 2009-05-11
- Greyhound Racing Victoria, Cranbourne, retrieved 2009-04-15[dead link]
- "Government announces return of rail services to South Gippsland". Victorian Government. 2001-05-11. Archived from the original on 28 September 2007. Retrieved 2007-07-30.
- Communication for Minister Lynne Kosky,3 June 2008
- Vic Roads
- "Landfill gas leak danger". Star News Group. 2 August 2007. Retrieved 29 January 2012.
- "It stinks in Cranbourne with methane gas leak". Herald and Weekly Times. 12 September 2008. Retrieved 29 January 2012.
- "Stevensons Road Landfill (closed), Cranbourne". EPA Victoria. 16 January 2012. Retrieved 29 January 2012.
- "Sick of stink". Star News Group. 17 February 2011. Retrieved 29 January 2012.