Cranbrook, British Columbia
|— City —|
|City of Cranbrook, British Columbia|
|Motto: Mountains of Opportunity|
|Regional District||East Kootenay|
|• Mayor||Wayne Stetski|
|• Governing body||Cranbrook City Council|
|• MP||David Wilks|
|• MLA||Bill Bennett|
|• Total||31.95 km2 (12.34 sq mi)|
|• Agglomeration||4,568.03 km2 (1,763.73 sq mi)|
|Elevation||921 m (3,021 ft)|
|• Density||604.7/km2 (1,566/sq mi)|
|Time zone||Mountain Standard (MST) (UTC-7)|
|• Summer (DST)||Mountain Daylight (MDT) (UTC-6)|
|Postal code span||V1C|
|Area code(s)||250, 778|
|Telephone Exchanges||250-417, 250-420, 250-421, 250-426, 250-464, 250-489, 250-581, 250-919, 778-261, 778-450, 778-517, 778-520, 778-963|
|Website||City of Cranbrook|
Cranbrook, British Columbia (Ktunaxa: ʔa·kisk̓aqǂiʔit ) is a city in southeast British Columbia, located on the west side of the Kootenay River at its confluence with the St. Mary's River, It is the largest urban centre in the region known as the East Kootenay. As of 2011, Cranbrook's population is 19,364, with a census agglomeration population of 25,037. It is the location of the headquarters of the Regional District of East Kootenay and also the location of regional headquarters of various provincial ministries and agencies, notably the Rocky Mountain Forest District.
Cranbrook is home to the Canadian Museum of Rail Travel which presents static exhibits of passenger rail cars built in the 1920s for the CPR and in the 1900s for the Spokane International Railway. It is also the home of the Kootenay Ice, a WHL hockey team, who has won the league title 3 times and the Memorial Cup once. The Ice have made the playoffs 15 straight years (1998-99 to 2012-13) and have a record of .500% or better for 14 straight years (1999-00 to 2012-13). Cranbrook is also home to many former NHL players to where it has won 11 Stanley Cup Championships within 13 years. (1994-95 to 2006-07).
Originally inhabited by Ktunaxa peoples, the land that Cranbrook now occupies was bought by European settlers, notably Colonel James Baker who named his newly acquired land Cranbrook after his home in Cranbrook, Kent, England.
In 1898 Baker had successfully convinced Canadian Pacific Railway to establish their Crowsnest Pass line through Cranbrook rather than nearby Gold Rush Boom Town Fort Steele. With that accomplishment Cranbrook became the major centre of the region, while Fort Steele declined; however, the latter is today a preserved heritage town.
On November 1, 1905, Cranbrook was incorporated as a city.
Public schools and colleges
- Aqamnik Elementary School (Private School)
- Amy Woodland Elementary
- Gordon Terrace Elementary
- Highlands Elementary School
- Kootenay Orchards Elementary School
- Laurie Middle School
- Mount Baker Secondary School
- Parkland Middle School
- Pinewood Elementary School
- Steeples Elementary School
- T M Roberts Elementary School
- Kootenay Christian Academy
- St. Mary's Catholic Independent School
While much of the city is relatively flat, Cranbrook is surrounded by many rising hills where many residential homes are located . In addition Cranbrook faces the Purcell Mountains to the west and the Rocky Mountains to the north and east.
|Canada 2006 Census||Population||% of Total Population|
|Visible minority group
|Other visible minority||0||0%|
|Mixed visible minority||0||0%|
|Total visible minority population||305||1.7%|
|Total Aboriginal population||1,090||6.1%|
Environment Canada reports Cranbrook as having the most sunshine hours of any BC city at approximately 2228.6 hours annually. Because of that it is a fairly dry city throughout the year, and when precipitation does fall a good percentage of it will be in the form of snow. Environment Canada also states that the city experiences some of the lightest wind speeds year-round, has few foggy days, and has among the highest average barometric pressure of any Canadian city. Frost-free days average 110 days, typically occurring between May 26 to September 14. Mean daily temperatures range from −8.3 °C (17.1 °F) to 18.2 °C (64.8 °F). However, temperatures can range from −30 °C (−22.0 °F) in the winter to 35 °C (95.0 °F) in the summer months.
|Climate data for Cranbrook|
|Record high °C (°F)||11.1
|Average high °C (°F)||−3.2
|Daily mean °C (°F)||−7.5
|Average low °C (°F)||−11.8
|Record low °C (°F)||−35.9
|Precipitation mm (inches)||30.2
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||69.1||106.1||164.5||216.2||254.2||273.9||318.3||292.1||217.0||162.0||74.6||57.3||2,205.3|
|Source: Environment Canada|
Public schools are run by School District 5 Southeast Kootenay, consisting of seven elementary schools and two middle schools that feed into the city's only high school: Mount Baker Secondary School, home to approximately 1500 students. Prior to 2004 the middle schools were referred to as junior high schools housing grades 8-10 rather than the current 7-9. However, due to declining enrollment the school district adopted the new system.
There is also a local home-school network.
Cranbrook is home to a major Canadian Pacific Railway yard, which serves as a key gateway for trains arriving from and departing to the United States.
Cranbrook is at the junction of major highways 3 and 93/95, and due to its close proximity to the borders of Alberta and the United States it is an important transportation hub.
The McFee Bridge also known as the St. Mary's Bridge rises high above the St. Marys River and is near the Canadian Rockies International Airport and the Shadow Mountain Golf Community and supports thousands of people to travel to Kimberley from Cranbrook and Kimberley to Cranbrook, the bridge is on highway 93/95.
Approximately 9 km north is the Canadian Rockies International Airport, which has recently completed its 12.5 million dollar expansion including the lengthening of its runway from 6000 to 8000 feet in order to accommodate a limited number of international flights and an expansion to the Terminal for more passengers. The airport is served by Air Canada Jazz to Vancouver and Calgary, Pacific Coastal Airlines to Vancouver, and Integra Air to Edmonton.
Cranbrook also has a public transit system, operating buses on seven different On February 11, 1978, Pacific Western Airlines Flight 314, a Boeing 737-200, crashed in Cranbrook, killing 44 of the 50 people on board.
The following notable people come from or were born in Cranbrook:
- Ray Allison, retired NHL player
- Greg Andrusak, retired NHL player
- Brent Carver, actor
- Glen Cochrane, retired NHL player
- Jim Hiller, retired NHL player
- Juggernaut, professional wrestler
- Jon Klemm, retired NHL player
- Lillix, former pop rock band
- Brad Lukowich, retired NHL player
- Bernie Lukowich, retired NHL player
- Donald C. MacDonald, politician
- Jason Marshall, retired NHL player
- Bob McAneeley, retired WHA player
- Ted McAneeley, retired NHL and WHA player
- Bob Murdoch and Don Murdoch, retired NHL players
- Riley Nelson, ECHL player and captain for the Colorado Eagles
- Rob Niedermayer, former NHL player
- Scott Niedermayer, retired NHL player
- Kate Pullinger, author
- Tom Renney, assistant NHL coach
- Ben Rutledge, Olympic gold medal rower
- Joel Savage, retired NHL player
- Corey Spring, retired NHL player
- Frank Spring, retired NHL player
- Steve Yzerman, retired NHL player
- 101.3 FM - CBRR-FM, CBC Radio One (repeats CBTK-FM, Kelowna)
- 102.9 FM - CHDR-FM, Rock
- 104.7 FM - CHBZ-FM, Country
- 106.5 FM - VF2497, Christian (repeats VOAR, Mount Pearl, Newfoundland and Labrador)
- Cranbrook Community Radio CKCL-FM (internet only)*Cranbrook Community Radio
Cranbrook is twinned with
- "FirstVoices: Nature / Environment - place names: words. Ktunaxa.". Retrieved 2012-07-07.
- BCGNIS entry "Cranbrook (city)"
- "Community Profiles from the 2006 Census, Statistics Canada - Census Subdivision". 2.statcan.gc.ca. 2010-12-06. Retrieved 2013-04-13.
- "Aboriginal Peoples - Data table". 2.statcan.ca. 2010-10-06. Retrieved 2013-04-13.
- Environment Canada—Canadian Climate Normals 1971–2000, accessed 20 July 2012
- College of the Rockies website
- City of Cranbrook
- Cranbrook Community Nutshell
- Cranbrook, British Columbia, Canada 2006 Census Community Profile