Cranbury, New Jersey
|Cranbury Township, New Jersey|
|— Township —|
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|Incorporated||March 7, 1872|
|• Mayor||Glenn Johnson (term ends December 31, 2013)|
|• Clerk||Kathleen Cunningham|
|• Total||13.397 sq mi (34.697 km2)|
|• Land||13.247 sq mi (34.309 km2)|
|• Water||0.150 sq mi (0.389 km2) 1.12%|
|Area rank||181st of 566 in state
9th of 25 in county
|Elevation||82 ft (25 m)|
|Population (2010 Census)|
|• Rank||417th of 566 in state
24th of 25 in county
|• Density||291.2/sq mi (112.4/km2)|
|• Density rank||481st of 566 in state
25th of 25 in county
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0882160|
Cranbury Township is a township in Middlesex County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 3,857, reflecting an increase of 630 (+19.5%) from the 3,227 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 727 (+29.1%) from the 2,500 counted in the 1990 Census.
Cranbury CDP (2010 Census population of 2,181) is a census-designated place and unincorporated community located within Cranbury Township. Despite match between the name of the Township and the CDP, the two are not one and the same, as was the case for most paired Township / CDP combinations (i.e., a CDP with the same as a township) before the 2010 Census, when most such CDPs were coextensive with a township of the same name.
A deed for a sale of land and improvements dated March 1, 1698, is the earliest evidence of buildings constructed in present-day Cranbury. A home in Cranbury was used by Alexander Hamilton and the Marquis de Lafayette as a headquarters during the American Revolutionary War, and they were visited by General George Washington on June 26, 1778. As part of orders issued during the Presidency of George Washington, maps of Cranbury were made showing the presence of a church, a mill and 25 other buildings. During its earliest years, the location was usually spelled as "Cranberry". Rev. Joseph G. Symmes argued in 1857 that the name was spelled improperly and that the suffix "bury" was more appropriate, leading the name of the community and brook to be changed to "Cranbury" in 1869.
Cranbury Township was incorporated as a township by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on March 7, 1872, from portions of both Monroe Township and South Brunswick Township. Portions of the township were taken on April 1, 1919, to form Plainsboro Township.
Many buildings on Cranbury's Main Street and in the surrounding area date to the 18th or 19th century. The entire downtown area is designated as a Historic District, which was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1980 as District #80002502.
The township celebrated its tricentennial in 1998.
Cranbury township is located at United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 13.397 square miles (34.697 km2), of which, 13.247 square miles (34.309 km2) of it is land and 0.150 square miles (0.389 km2) of it (1.12%) is water.(40.313448,-74.520224). According to the
1930-1990 2000 2010
Census 2010 
As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 3,857 people, 1,320 households, and 1,060 families residing in the township. The population density was 291.2 inhabitants per square mile (112.4 /km2). There were 1,371 housing units at an average density of 103.5 per square mile (40.0 /km2). The racial makeup of the township was 80.53% (3,106) White, 3.45% (133) Black or African American, 0.10% (4) Native American, 13.74% (530) Asian, 0.03% (1) Pacific Islander, 0.36% (14) from other races, and 1.79% (69) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.57% (99) of the population.
There were 1,320 households out of which 41.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 71.3% were married couples living together, 7.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 19.7% were non-families. 17.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.82 and the average family size was 3.21.
In the township the population was spread out with 27.2% under the age of 18, 5.4% from 18 to 24, 15.1% from 25 to 44, 35.5% from 45 to 64, and 16.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 46.2 years. For every 100 females there were 94.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.2 males.
The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $131,667 (with a margin of error of +/- $21,076) and the median family income was $146,250 (+/- $24,045). Males had a median income of $122,566 (+/- $25,917) versus $60,781 (+/- $22,066) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $55,236 (+/- $5,718). About 3.1% of families and 4.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.2% of those under age 18 and 0.0% of those age 65 or over.
Census 2000 
As of the 2000 United States Census there were 3,227 people, 1,091 households, and 877 families residing in the township. The population density was 240.6 people per square mile (92.9/km²). There were 1,121 housing units at an average density of 83.6 per square mile (32.3/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 88.78% White, 2.26% African American, 7.41% Asian, 0.22% from other races, and 1.33% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.70% of the population.
There were 1,091 households out of which 46.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 74.6% were married couples living together, 4.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 19.6% were non-families. 16.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.92 and the average family size was 3.31.
In the township the population was spread out with 30.4% under the age of 18, 3.4% from 18 to 24, 27.6% from 25 to 44, 27.3% from 45 to 64, and 11.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 93.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.4 males.
The median income for a household in the township was $111,680, and the median income for a family was $128,410. Males had a median income of $94,683 versus $44,167 for females. The per capita income for the township was $50,698. About 0.7% of families and 1.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.7% of those under age 18 and 0.9% of those age 65 or over.
Local government 
Cranbury Township is governed under the Township form of government with a five-member Township Committee. The Township Committee is elected directly by the voters in partisan elections to serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with one seat coming up for election each year. At an annual reorganization meeting, the Township Committee selects one of its members to serve as Mayor. In 1990, the Cranbury Township Committee was expanded from three to five members. That same year, the Township Committee established the position of Township Administrator by ordinance.
As of 2012[update], members of the Cranbury Township Committee are Mayor David Cook (whose term of office ends December 31, 2012), Susan J. Goetz (2014), Glenn Johnson (2013), Daniel P. Mulligan, III (2013) and James Taylor (2012). On November 8, 2011, Susan Goetz was elected to fill the Committee seat vacated by Winthrop Cody.
Federal, state and county representation 
New Jersey's Twelfth Congressional District is represented by Rush D. Holt, Jr. (D, Hopewell Township). New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Frank Lautenberg (D, Cliffside Park) and Bob Menendez (D, Hoboken).
The 14th district of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Linda R. Greenstein (D, Plainsboro Township and in the General Assembly by Daniel R. Benson (D, Hamilton Township, Mercer County) and Wayne DeAngelo (D, Hamilton Township, Mercer County). The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township). The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).
Middlesex County is governed by a Board of Chosen Freeholders, whose seven members are elected at-large to serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with two or three seats coming up for election each year. At an annual reorganization meeting held in January, the board selects from among its members a Freeholder Director and Deputy Director. As of 2013[update], Middlesex County's Freeholders (with committee chairmanship, residence and term-end year listed in parentheses) are Freeholder Director Christopher D. Rafano (Ex-officio on all committees; South River, term ends December 31, 2013), Freeholder Deputy Director Ronald G. Rios (County Administration; Carteret, 2015), Carol Barrett Bellante (Finance; Monmouth Junction in South Brunswick, 2014), Stephen J. "Pete" Dalina (Infrastructure Management; Fords in Woodbridge Township, 2013), H. James Polos (Public Safety and Health; Highland Park, 2015), Charles E. Tomaro (Business Development and Education; Edison, 2014) and Blanquita B. Valenti (Community Services; New Brunswick, 2013).. Constitutional officers are County Clerk Elaine M. Flynn (Old Bridge Township), Sheriff Mildred S. Scott (Piscataway) and Surrogate Kevin J. Hoagland (New Brunswick).
As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 2,768 registered voters in Cranbury Township, of which 836 (30.2%) were registered as Democrats, 684 (24.7%) were registered as Republicans and 1,246 (45.0%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 2 voters registered to other parties.
In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 53.0% of the vote here (1,153 cast), ahead of Republican John McCain with 45.3% (986 votes) and other candidates with 1.3% (29 votes), among the 2,176 ballots cast by the township's 2,777 registered voters, for a turnout of 78.4%. In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 50.8% of the vote here (1,044 ballots cast), outpolling Democrat John Kerry with 48.0% (987 votes) and other candidates with 0.9% (23 votes), among the 2,055 ballots cast by the township's 2,510 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 81.9.
In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 54.6% of the vote here (901 ballots cast), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 35.5% (585 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 8.7% (144 votes) and other candidates with 0.7% (11 votes), among the 1,649 ballots cast by the township's 2,711 registered voters, yielding a 60.8% turnout.
Children in public school for grades Kindergarten through eighth grade attend the Cranbury School. As of the 2010-11 school year, the school had an enrollment of 586 students and 45.2 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 12.96:1. For the 1996-97 and 2009-10 school years, Cranbury School was formally designated as a National Blue Ribbon School, the highest honor that an American public school can achieve. During the 2009-10 school year, Cranbury School was awarded the Blue Ribbon School Award of Excellence a second time.
For grades 9 to 12, Cranbury students attend Princeton High School, as part of a sending/receiving relationship with the Princeton Regional Schools. Cranbury Township is granted a non-voting seat on the Princeton Regional Schools Board of Education, with the designated representative only voting on issues pertaining to Princeton High School and district-wide issues.
Public libraries 
Cranbury hosts U.S. Route 130 and a four-mile (6 km) section of Interstate 95 (the New Jersey Turnpike). Cranbury is accessible by the Turnpike in neighboring townships: Interchange 8 in East Windsor Township and Interchange 8A in Monroe Township. The Molly Pitcher Service Area is located at mile marker 71.7 on the southbound side.
The New Jersey Turnpike Authority is planning to widen the Turnpike (with the "dual-dual" setup) between Exit 6 in Mansfield Township and Exit 8A in Monroe Township by 2014. This widening would require the condemnation of part of the Molly Pitcher Service Area as well as construction of new overpasses that cross the Turnpike. New entrance & exit ramps would be constructed as well to access the service area.
Corporate residents 
Cranbury is host to many warehouses along route 130 and the roads leading to the NJ turnpike. A company making the Boys Scout Pinewood Derby cars is also here. Cranbury was noted for a used Rolls-Royce dealership located in the center of town, but it has gone out of business. The alleged alternative energy business Blacklight Power, which occupies a building formerly occupied by Creative Playthings, is in fact located in East Windsor, in an area served by the Cranbury Post Office.
Notable people 
Notable current and former residents of Cranbury include:
- Melanie Balcomb, head coach of the Vanderbilt Commodores Women's Basketball team.
- Todd Beamer (1968–2001), passenger aboard United Airlines Flight 93, who uttered the words, heard by a phone operator, to fellow passengers with whom he was planning an assault on the terrorists in the cockpit -- "Let's roll".
- Hughie Lee-Smith (1915-1999), artist.
- Cicero Hunt Lewis (1826-1897), merchant.
- Jan Morris (born 1926), Welsh travel writer and historian, lived in Cranbury for several months in the 1950s whose impressions of the town are recorded in the book Coast to Coast: A Journey Across 1950s America.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
- Gazetteer of New Jersey Places, United States Census Bureau. Accessed January 19, 2013.
- 2005 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, April 2005, p. 70.
- 2013 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed May 12, 2013.
- Township Clerk, Cranbury Township. Accessed July 5, 2012.
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Township of Cranbury, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 5, 2013.
- DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Cranbury township, Middlesex County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 5, 2012.
- Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 7. Accessed January 6, 2013.
- Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Cranbury township, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed July 5, 2012.
- GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 22, 2012.
- Look Up a ZIP Code for Cranbury, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed July 5, 2012.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
- A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed July 5, 2012.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
- Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed July 5, 2012.
- Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Cranbury CDP, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed July 14, 2011.
- New Jersey: 2010 - Population and Housing Unit Counts - 2010 Census of Population and Housing (CPH-2-32), United States Census Bureau, August 2012. Accessed November 28, 2012.
- GCT-PH1 - Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County -- County Subdivision and Place from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for Middlesex County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 28, 2012.
- History, Cranbury Township. Accessed July 14, 2011.
- Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 169-170. Accessed July 5, 2012.
- Cheslow, Jerry. "Historic, Sparsely Settled -- and Loving It", The New York Times, March 16, 1997. Accessed July 14, 2011. "The Middlesex County community is celebrating the 300th anniversary of the first documented European settlement in the area.... Cranbury pays tuition to send 106 high school students to nearby Princeton High School. According to Cranbury's Chief School Administrator, Robert J. Bartoletti, 87 percent of the town's youngsters go on to higher education.... As part of the addition, the 28,000-volume Cranbury Public Library, which shares space with the school library, is also being expanded to 6,000 square feet from 4,000 and the school's computers are to be enhanced through the networking of all of the classrooms into the library."
- NEW JERSEY - Middlesex County, National Register of Historic Places. Accessed October 19, 2007.
- Census Estimates for New Jersey April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2011, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 22, 2012.
- Porter, Robert Percival. Preliminary Results as Contained in the Eleventh Census Bulletins: Volume III - 51 to 75, p. 98. United States Census Bureau, 1890. Accessed November 22, 2012.
- Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910: Population by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions, 1910, 1900, 1890, United States Census Bureau, p. 337. Accessed July 5, 2012.
- Fifteenth Census of the United States : 1930 - Population Volume I, United States Census Bureau, p. 717. Accessed July 5, 2012.
- New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990, Workforce New Jersey Public Information Network, backed up by the Internet Archive as of May 2, 2009. Accessed July 5, 2012.
- Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for Pompton Lake borough, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 5, 2012.
- DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Cranbury township, Middlesex County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 22, 2012.
- DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Cranbury township, Middlesex County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 5, 2012.
- Township Committee, Cranbury Township. Accessed July 14, 2011.
- Staff. "Local election results for Cranbury, Jamesburg and Monroe", The Cranbury Press, November 8, 2011. Accessed November 9, 2011. "There was one open seat on Cranbury Township Committee, and the candidates were Republican Karen Callahan and Democrat Susan Goetz. Ms. Callahan received 518 votes and Ms. Goetz received 574. These include absentee ballots."
- Plan Components Report, New Jersey Redistricting Commission, December 23, 2011. Accessed January 6, 2013.
- 2012 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 56, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed January 6, 2013.
- Districts by Number for 2011-2020, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 6, 2013.
- Directory of Representatives: New Jersey, United States House of Representatives. Accessed January 5, 2012.
- Legislative Roster 2012-2013 Session, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 11, 2012.
- "About the Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21.
- "About the Lieutenant Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21.
- Christopher D. Rafano, Middlesex County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
- Ronald G. Rios, Middlesex County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
- Carol Barrett Bellante, Middlesex County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
- Stephen J. "Pete" Dalina, Middlesex County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
- H. James Polos, Middlesex County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
- Charles E. Tomaro, Middlesex County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
- Blanquita B. Valenti, Middlesex County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
- County Clerk, Middlesex County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
- Sheriff, Middlesex County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
- Surrogate, Middlesex County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
- Elected County Officials, Middlesex County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
- Voter Registration Summary - Middlesex, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, March 23, 2011. Accessed November 22, 2012.
- 2008 Presidential General Election Results: Middlesex County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 23, 2008. Accessed November 22, 2012.
- 2004 Presidential Election: Middlesex County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 13, 2004. Accessed November 22, 2012.
- 2009 Governor: Middlesex County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 31, 2009. Accessed November 22, 2012.
- Data for Cranford School, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed July 14, 2011.
- Blue Ribbon Schools Program: Schools Recognized 1982-1983 through 1999-2002 (PDF), United States Department of Education, p. 52. Accessed July 15, 2011.
- 2009 Blue Ribbon Schools: All Public and Private Schools, United States Department of Education, p. 13. Accessed July 15, 2011.
- Staff. "Cranbury trims 23 jobs in wake of aid reduction", The Times (Trenton), March 25, 2010. Accessed July 14, 2011. "Cranbury public schools serve about 600 students in pre-kindergarten through eighth grade. The district’s high school students attend Princeton High School."
- Board of Education, Princeton Regional Schools. Accessed July 15, 2011.
- Travel Resources: Interchanges, Service Areas & Commuter Lots, New Jersey Turnpike. Accessed July 14, 2011.
- Widening Program Overview, New Jersey Turnpike. Accessed July 14, 2011.
- Konick, Emery Jr. "Women's sports at center court", Home News Tribune, August 17, 2004. Accessed July 14, 2011. "Melanie Balcomb of Cranbury is the head women's basketball coach at Vanderbilt and one of the most successful young women's coaches in the nation."
- 13-minute call bonds her forever with hero, Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, September 22, 2001. "Beamer, 32, of Cranbury, N.J., was the only passenger who dialed zero for the Airfone operator."
- Raynor, Vivien. "ART REVIEW;A Painter's Evolution, Visual and Political", The New York Times, November 12, 1995. Accessed July 5, 2012. "HUGHIE LEE-SMITH was born in Florida and schooled in Ohio and Michigan, notably at the Cleveland Institute of Art and Wayne State University in Detroit. He is nonetheless a New Jersey artist, and not just because of the many years he has lived in Cranbury."
- Gaston, Joseph. Portland, Oregon, its history and builders:in connection with the antecedent explorations, discoveries, and movements of the pioneers that selected the site for the great city of the Pacific, Volume 2, S. J. Clarke Publishing Company, 1911. Accessed July 5, 2012. "The width of the continent separated Mr. Lewis from his birthplace after he came to the northwest for he was a native of Cranbury, Middlesex county, New Jersey, his birth having there occurred on the 22d of November, 1826."
- Morris, Jan. "Once upon a time in America", Financial Times, May 9, 2008. Accessed August 27, 2008. "When I was resident in Cranbury more than half a century ago, it was a rustic haven in flat farmland country, with the remains of slave shacks, an 18th century inn, proud memories of the revolutionary war and a firehouse where firemen chewed the cud on kitchen chairs on the sidewalk outside, exchanging bucolic prejudices."
Further reading 
- Chambers, John Whiteclay. Cranbury: A New Jersey Town From the Colonial Era to the Present (Rivergate Books / Rutgers University Press; 2012) 272 pages
- Cranbury Township Official Website
- Cranbury Public Library Website
- Cranbury Township School
- Cranbury School's 2010–11 School Report Card from the New Jersey Department of Education
- Data for Cranbury Township School, National Center for Education Statistics
- Princeton High School
- Cranbury Historical and Preservation Society
- Cranbury Forums
||South Brunswick Township|
|Plainsboro Township||Monroe Township|
|East Windsor Township|