Cranbury, New Jersey

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Cranbury, New Jersey
Township
Township of Cranbury
Map of Cranbury Township in Middlesex County. Inset: Location of Middlesex County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Map of Cranbury Township in Middlesex County. Inset: Location of Middlesex County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Cranbury Township, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Cranbury Township, New Jersey
Coordinates: 40°18′48″N 74°31′13″W / 40.313448°N 74.520224°W / 40.313448; -74.520224Coordinates: 40°18′48″N 74°31′13″W / 40.313448°N 74.520224°W / 40.313448; -74.520224[1][2]
Country  United States of America
State  New Jersey
County Middlesex
Incorporated March 7, 1872
Government[5]
 • Type Township
 • Mayor Susan J. Goetz (term ends December 31, 2014)[3]
 • Clerk Kathleen Cunningham[4]
Area[2]
 • Total 13.397 sq mi (34.697 km2)
 • Land 13.247 sq mi (34.309 km2)
 • Water 0.150 sq mi (0.389 km2)  1.12%
Area rank 181st of 566 in state
9th of 25 in county[2]
Elevation[6] 82 ft (25 m)
Population (2010 Census)[7][8][9]
 • Total 3,857
 • Estimate (2013)[10] 3,910
 • Rank 417th of 566 in state
24th of 25 in county[11]
 • Density 291.2/sq mi (112.4/km2)
 • Density rank 481st of 566 in state
25th of 25 in county[11]
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 08512[12][13]
Area code(s) 609 and 732[14]
FIPS code 3402315550[15][2][16]
GNIS feature ID 0882160[17][2]
Website www.cranburytownship.org

Cranbury Township is a township in Middlesex County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 3,857,[7][8][8] reflecting an increase of 630 (+19.5%) from the 3,227 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 727 (+29.1%) from the 2,500 counted in the 1990 Census.[18]

Cranbury CDP (2010 Census population of 2,181[19]) is a census-designated place (CDP) and unincorporated community located within Cranbury Township.[20][21] Despite match between the name of the Township and the CDP, the two are not one and the same, as was the case for most paired Township / CDP combinations (i.e., a CDP with the same as a township) before the 2010 Census, when most such CDPs were coextensive with a township of the same name.

History[edit]

A deed for a sale of land and improvements dated March 1, 1698, is the earliest evidence of buildings constructed in present-day Cranbury. A home in Cranbury was used by Alexander Hamilton and the Marquis de Lafayette as a headquarters during the American Revolutionary War, and they were visited by General George Washington on June 26, 1778. As part of orders issued during the Presidency of George Washington, maps of Cranbury were made showing the presence of a church, a mill and 25 other buildings. During its earliest years, the location was usually spelled as "Cranberry". Rev. Joseph G. Symmes argued in 1857 that the name was spelled improperly and that the suffix "bury" was more appropriate, leading the name of the community and brook to be changed to "Cranbury" in 1869.[22]

The so-called Hightstown rail accident occurred in or near Cranbury, in 1833. According to John Quincy Adams, who was aboard the train and who wrote in his diary about it, the train was 3 miles (4.8 km) from Hightstown when the disaster struck, putting the accident near what is now Cranbury Station.[23][24] Among the passengers aboard were Tyrone Power and Cornelius Vanderbilt.

Cranbury was incorporated as a township by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on March 7, 1872, from portions of both Monroe Township and South Brunswick Township. Portions of the township were taken on April 1, 1919, to form Plainsboro Township.[25]

George Washington's headquarters were located in Cranbury while planning for the Battle of Monmouth, a major turning point during the Revolutionary War.[26]

Many buildings on Cranbury's Main Street and in the surrounding area date to the 18th or 19th century. The entire downtown area is designated as a Historic District, which was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1980 as District #80002502.[27]

The township celebrated its tricentennial in 1998.[26]

Updike Parsonage Barn was relocated and reconstructed in 2010.[citation needed]

Geography[edit]

Cranbury Township highlighted in Middlesex County

Cranbury township is located at 40°18′48″N 74°31′13″W / 40.313448°N 74.520224°W / 40.313448; -74.520224 (40.313448,-74.520224). According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 13.397 square miles (34.697 km2), of which, 13.247 square miles (34.309 km2) of it was land and 0.150 square miles (0.389 km2) of it (1.12%) was water.[1][2]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 1,509
1890 1,422 −5.8%
1900 1,428 0.4%
1910 1,424 −0.3%
1920 1,083 * −23.9%
1930 1,278 18.0%
1940 1,342 5.0%
1950 1,797 33.9%
1960 2,001 11.4%
1970 2,253 12.6%
1980 1,927 −14.5%
1990 2,500 29.7%
2000 3,227 29.1%
2010 3,857 19.5%
Est. 2013 3,910 [10][28] 1.4%
Population sources:
1880-1920[29] 1880-1890[30]
1890-1910[31] 1910-1930[32]
1930-1990[33] 2000[34][35] 2010[7][8][9]
* = Lost territory in previous decade.[25]

Census 2010[edit]

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 3,857 people, 1,320 households, and 1,060 families residing in the township. The population density was 291.2 per square mile (112.4/km2). There were 1,371 housing units at an average density of 103.5 per square mile (40.0/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 80.53% (3,106) White, 3.45% (133) Black or African American, 0.10% (4) Native American, 13.74% (530) Asian, 0.03% (1) Pacific Islander, 0.36% (14) from other races, and 1.79% (69) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 2.57% (99) of the population.[7]

There were 1,320 households, of which 41.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 71.3% were married couples living together, 7.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 19.7% were non-families. 17.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.82 and the average family size was 3.21.[7]

In the township, 27.2% of the population were under the age of 18, 5.4% from 18 to 24, 15.1% from 25 to 44, 35.5% from 45 to 64, and 16.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 46.2 years. For every 100 females there were 94.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.2 males.[7]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $131,667 (with a margin of error of +/- $21,076) and the median family income was $146,250 (+/- $24,045). Males had a median income of $122,566 (+/- $25,917) versus $60,781 (+/- $22,066) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $55,236 (+/- $5,718). About 3.1% of families and 4.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.2% of those under age 18 and 0.0% of those age 65 or over.[36]

Census 2000[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[15] there were 3,227 people, 1,091 households, and 877 families residing in the township. The population density was 240.6 people per square mile (92.9/km²). There were 1,121 housing units at an average density of 83.6 per square mile (32.3/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 88.78% White, 2.26% African American, 7.41% Asian, 0.22% from other races, and 1.33% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.70% of the population.[34][35]

There were 1,091 households out of which 46.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 74.6% were married couples living together, 4.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 19.6% were non-families. 16.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.92 and the average family size was 3.31.[34][35]

In the township the population was spread out with 30.4% under the age of 18, 3.4% from 18 to 24, 27.6% from 25 to 44, 27.3% from 45 to 64, and 11.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 93.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.4 males.[34][35]

The median income for a household in the township was $111,680, and the median income for a family was $128,410. Males had a median income of $94,683 versus $44,167 for females. The per capita income for the township was $50,698. About 0.7% of families and 1.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.7% of those under age 18 and 0.9% of those age 65 or over.[34][35]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

Cranbury Town Hall, formerly the Cranbury School

Cranbury Township is governed under the Township form of government with a five-member Township Committee. The Township Committee is elected directly by the voters in partisan elections to serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with one or two seats coming up for election each year as part of the November general election in a three-year cycle.[5] At an annual reorganization meeting, the Township Committee selects one of its members to serve as Mayor. In 1990, the Cranbury Township Committee was expanded from three to five members. That same year, the Township Committee established the position of Township Administrator by ordinance.[37]

As of 2014, members of the Cranbury Township Committee are Mayor Susan J. Goetz (Democrat, term of office ends December 31, 2014), David Cook (D, 2015), Glenn R. Johnson (D, 2016), Daniel P. Mulligan, III (R, 2016) and James Taylor (D, 2015).[37] On November 8, 2011, Susan Goetz was elected to fill the Committee seat vacated by Winthrop Cody.[38][39][40]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Cranbury Township is located in the 12th Congressional District[41] and is part of New Jersey's 14th state legislative district.[8][42][43]

New Jersey's Twelfth Congressional District is represented by Rush D. Holt, Jr. (D, Hopewell Township).[44] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark; took office on October 31, 2013, after winning a special election to fill the seat of Frank Lautenberg)[45][46] and Bob Menendez (D, Paramus).[47][48]

For the 2014-2015 Session, the 14th District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Linda R. Greenstein (D, Plainsboro Township) and in the General Assembly by Daniel R. Benson (D, Hamilton Township, Mercer County) and Wayne DeAngelo (D, Hamilton Township).[49][50] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[51] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[52]

Middlesex County is governed by a Board of Chosen Freeholders, whose seven members are elected at-large to serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with two or three seats coming up for election each year. At an annual reorganization meeting held in January, the board selects from among its members a Freeholder Director and Deputy Director. As of 2014, Middlesex County's Freeholders (with committee chairmanship, party affiliation, residence and term-end year listed in parentheses) are Freeholder Director Ronald G. Rios (Ex-officio on all committees - D, term ends December 31, 2015; Carteret),[53] Freeholder Deputy Director Carol Barrett Bellante (County Administration - D, 2014; Monmouth Junction, South Brunswick Township),[54] Kenneth Armwood (Business Development and Education - D, 2016; Piscataway),[55] Charles Kenny (Finance - D, 2016; Woodbridge Township),[56] H. James Polos (Public Safety and Health - D, 2015; Highland Park),[57] Charles E. Tomaro (Infrastructure Management - D, 2014; Edison)[58] and Blanquita B. Valenti (Community Services - D, 2016; New Brunswick).[59][60][61][62][63] Constitutional officers are County Clerk Elaine M. Flynn (D; Old Bridge Township),[64] Sheriff Mildred S. Scott (D, 2016; Piscataway)[65] and Surrogate Kevin J. Hoagland (D, 2017; New Brunswick).[60][66]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 2,768 registered voters in Cranbury Township, of which 836 (30.2%) were registered as Democrats, 684 (24.7%) were registered as Republicans and 1,246 (45.0%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 2 voters registered to other parties.[67]

In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 53.0% of the vote here (1,153 cast), ahead of Republican John McCain with 45.3% (986 votes) and other candidates with 1.3% (29 votes), among the 2,176 ballots cast by the township's 2,777 registered voters, for a turnout of 78.4%.[68] In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 50.8% of the vote here (1,044 ballots cast), outpolling Democrat John Kerry with 48.0% (987 votes) and other candidates with 0.9% (23 votes), among the 2,055 ballots cast by the township's 2,510 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 81.9.[69]

In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 54.6% of the vote here (901 ballots cast), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 35.5% (585 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 8.7% (144 votes) and other candidates with 0.7% (11 votes), among the 1,649 ballots cast by the township's 2,711 registered voters, yielding a 60.8% turnout.[70]

Education[edit]

Main article: Cranbury School

Children in public school for grades Kindergarten through eighth grade attend the Cranbury School. As of the 2011-12 school year, the district's one school had an enrollment of 567 students and 55.5 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 10.22:1.[71] For the 1996-97 and 2009-10 school years, Cranbury School was formally designated as a National Blue Ribbon School, the highest honor that an American public school can achieve.[72] During the 2009-10 school year, Cranbury School was awarded the Blue Ribbon School Award of Excellence a second time.[73]

For ninth through twelfth grades, students move on to Princeton High School, located in Princeton, as part of a sending/receiving relationship with the Princeton Public Schools.[26][74][75][76] Cranbury Township is granted a non-voting seat on the Princeton Regional Schools Board of Education, with the designated representative only voting on issues pertaining to Princeton High School and district-wide issues.[77]

Public libraries[edit]

The Cranbury Public Library serves Cranbury residents, sharing a facility with the Cranbury School.[26][78]

Transportation[edit]

Roads and highways[edit]

As of 2010, the township had a total of 51.25 miles (82.48 km) of roadways, of which 31.08 miles (50.02 km) were maintained by the municipality, 12.85 miles (20.68 km) by Middlesex County and 3.16 miles (5.09 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation and 4.16 miles (6.69 km) by the New Jersey Turnpike Authority.[79]

A few county routes traverse through Cranbury: 535, 539, 615, and 614.

Cranbury hosts U.S. Route 130 and a 4 mile (6.4 km) section of Interstate 95 (the New Jersey Turnpike). Cranbury is accessible by the Turnpike in neighboring East Windsor Township (Exit 8) and Monroe Township (Exit 8A). The Molly Pitcher Service Area is located at mile marker 71.7 on the southbound side.[80]

The New Jersey Turnpike Authority widened the Turnpike (with the "dual-dual" setup) between Exit 6 in Mansfield Township and Exit 8A in Monroe Township in late 2014. New entrance and exit ramps were constructed to access the service area.[81]

Public transportation[edit]

Middlesex County offers the M6 MCAT shuttle route providing service to Jamesburg and Plainsboro Township.[82]

Corporate residents[edit]

Cranbury is host to many warehouses along Route 130 and the roads leading to the NJ Turnpike. A company making the Boy Scout Pinewood Derby cars is also here. Cranbury was noted for a used Rolls-Royce dealership located in the center of town, but it has gone out of business. The alternative energy business Blacklight Power, which occupies a building formerly occupied by Creative Playthings, is in fact located in East Windsor, in an area served by the Cranbury Post Office.

The Associated University Presses is an academic publishing company supplying textbooks to colleges and universities.[citation needed]

Notable people[edit]

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Cranbury include:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f County Subdivisions: New Jersey - 2010 Census Gazetteer Files, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 9, 2013.
  3. ^ Mayor, Cranbury Township. Accessed June 9, 2014.
  4. ^ Township Clerk, Cranbury Township. Accessed July 5, 2012.
  5. ^ a b 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 70.
  6. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Township of Cranbury, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 5, 2013.
  7. ^ a b c d e f DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Cranbury township, Middlesex County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 5, 2012.
  8. ^ a b c d e Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 7. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  9. ^ a b Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Cranbury township, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed July 5, 2012.
  10. ^ a b PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013 - 2013 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 16, 2014.
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  12. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Cranbury, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed July 5, 2012.
  13. ^ Zip Codes, State of New Jersey. Accessed September 2, 2013.
  14. ^ Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for Cranbury, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed September 2, 2013.
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  19. ^ Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Cranbury CDP, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed July 14, 2011.
  20. ^ New Jersey: 2010 - Population and Housing Unit Counts - 2010 Census of Population and Housing (CPH-2-32), United States Census Bureau, August 2012. Accessed November 28, 2012.
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  22. ^ History, Cranbury Township. Accessed July 14, 2011.
  23. ^ John Quincy Adams diary 39, 1 December 1832 - 31 May 1835, page 179, Massachusetts Historical Society. Accessed September 2, 2013.
  24. ^ A history book on Cranbury says the accident happened 4 miles from Hightstown, putting the accident near today's retirement communities in Monroe Township. However, the book refers to John Quincy Adams' diary. See Chambers, John Whiteclay. Cranbury: A New Jersey Town from the Colonial Era to the Present
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  76. ^ Staff. "Cranbury trims 23 jobs in wake of aid reduction", The Times (Trenton), March 25, 2010. Accessed November 2, 2014. "Cranbury public schools serve about 600 students in pre-kindergarten through eighth grade. The district’s high school students attend Princeton High School."
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  85. ^ Raynor, Vivien. "ART REVIEW;A Painter's Evolution, Visual and Political", The New York Times, November 12, 1995. Accessed July 5, 2012. "HUGHIE LEE-SMITH was born in Florida and schooled in Ohio and Michigan, notably at the Cleveland Institute of Art and Wayne State University in Detroit. He is nonetheless a New Jersey artist, and not just because of the many years he has lived in Cranbury."
  86. ^ Gaston, Joseph. Portland, Oregon, its history and builders:in connection with the antecedent explorations, discoveries, and movements of the pioneers that selected the site for the great city of the Pacific, Volume 2, S. J. Clarke Publishing Company, 1911. Accessed July 5, 2012. "The width of the continent separated Mr. Lewis from his birthplace after he came to the northwest for he was a native of Cranbury, Middlesex county, New Jersey, his birth having there occurred on the 22d of November, 1826."
  87. ^ Morris, Jan. "Once upon a time in America", Financial Times, May 9, 2008. Accessed August 27, 2008. "When I was resident in Cranbury more than half a century ago, it was a rustic haven in flat farmland country, with the remains of slave shacks, an 18th century inn, proud memories of the revolutionary war and a firehouse where firemen chewed the cud on kitchen chairs on the sidewalk outside, exchanging bucolic prejudices."

Further reading[edit]

  • Chambers, John Whiteclay. Cranbury: A New Jersey Town From the Colonial Era to the Present. (Rivergate Books / Rutgers University Press; 2012) 272 pages

External links[edit]