Crane hawk

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Crane hawk
Crane hawk (Geranospiza caerulescens).jpg
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Accipitriformes
Family: Accipitridae
Subfamily: Circinae
Genus: Geranospiza
Kaup, 1847
Species: G. caerulescens
Binomial name
Geranospiza caerulescens
(Vieillot, 1817)

The crane hawk (Geranospiza caerulescens) is a species of bird of prey in the Accipitridae family. It is monotypic within the genus Geranospiza.[2] It is found in Argentina, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay, and Venezuela. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical dry forests, subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests, subtropical or tropical mangrove forests, and subtropical or tropical swamps.[2]

In flight

The crane hawk has very long legs which it uses to extract prey from crevices in trees.[3] It can pull tree frogs from inside bromeliads and nestlings from tree holes.[3][4] As an example of convergent evolution, it is very similar to the Afrotropic harrier-hawks (genus Polyboroides).[4]


  1. ^ BirdLife International (2012). "Geranospiza caerulescens". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "ITIS Report: Geranospiza". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 8 August 2014. 
  3. ^ a b Wells, Kentwood David (2007). The ecology & behavior of amphibians. University of Chicago Press. ISBN 978-0-226-89334-1. 
  4. ^ a b Mark Collins, ed. (1990). The Last Rain Forests. Mitchell Beazley. ISBN 978-0-85533-789-6. 

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