Crangon

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Crangon
Crangon crangon.jpg
Crangon crangon
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Crustacea
Class: Malacostraca
Order: Decapoda
Family: Crangonidae
Genus: Crangon
Fabricius, 1798
[non Weber, 1795]
Type species
Cancer Crangon
Linnaeus, 1758

Crangon is a genus of shrimp.

Distribution[edit]

Crangon species are found exclusively in the Northern Hemisphere, with most of the species occurring in the northern Pacific Ocean.[1] C. septemspinosa is the only species in the genus to occur in the north-western Atlantic Ocean, while in the north-eastern Atlantic, C. crangon and C. allmanni occur.[1] With the exception of the important commercial species C. crangon, however, the distributions of Crangon species are poorly characterised.[1] The greater number of species in the Pacific Ocean is thought to indicate that the genus originated in the Pacific.[1]

Species[edit]

Crangon contains the following extant species:[2]

A further two species are known from the fossil record.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Joana Campos, Cláudia Moreira, Fabiana Freitas & Henk W. van der Veer (2012). "Short review of the eco-geography of Crangon". Journal of Crustacean Biology 32 (2): 159–169. doi:10.1163/193724011X615569. 
  2. ^ S. De Grave & C. H. J. M. Fransen (2011). "Carideorum Catalogus: the Recent species of the dendrobranchiate, stenopodidean, procarididean and caridean shrimps (Crustacea: Decapoda)". Zoologische Mededelingen 85 (9): 195–589, figs. 1–59. ISBN 978-90-6519-200-4. 
  3. ^ Sammy De Grave, N. Dean Pentcheff, Shane T. Ahyong et al. (2009). "A classification of living and fossil genera of decapod crustaceans". Raffles Bulletin of Zoology. Suppl. 21: 1–109.