Cranston, Rhode Island
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (May 2012)|
|Cranston, Rhode Island|
|• Mayor||Allan Fung|
|• Total||29.9 sq mi (77.5 km2)|
|• Land||28.6 sq mi (74.0 km2)|
|• Water||1.4 sq mi (3.5 km2)|
|Elevation||62 ft (19 m)|
|• Density||2,814/sq mi (1,086.3/km2)|
|Time zone||EST (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|ZIP code||02823, 02905, 02907, 02910, 02920, 02921|
|FIPS code||44-19180 |
|GNIS feature ID||1218689|
Cranston, once known as Pawtuxet, is a city in Providence County, Rhode Island, United States. With a population of 80,387 at the 2010 census, it is the third largest city in the state. The center of population of Rhode Island is located in Cranston. Cranston is a part of the Providence metropolitan area.
The Town of Cranston was created in 1754 from a portion of Providence north of the Pawtuxet River. After losing much of its territory to neighboring towns and the city of Providence, Cranston itself became a city on 10 March 1910.
Much of the area comprising modern-day Cranston was purchased by Roger Williams from the Narragansett Indians in 1638 as part of the Pawtuxet Purchase, and the first settler in the area was William Arnold, who was followed shortly by William Harris, William Carpenter and Zachariah Rhodes. Stephen Arnold, a brother-in-law of Rhodes and William Arnold, built a gristmill on the Pawtuxet falls and laid out the "Arnold Road" (modern-day "Broad Street") connecting it to the Pequot Trail leading to Connecticut. Arnold's son, Benedict Arnold, became the first Governor of Rhode Island under the charter of 1663. After area residents were unable to agree upon a name for a new town for decades, the Town of Cranston was eventually created by the General Assembly in 1754 from a portion of Providence north of the Pawtuxet River. Historians debate whether the town was named after Governor Samuel Cranston, the longest-serving Rhode Island governor or his grandson, Thomas Cranston, who was serving as Speaker of the Rhode Island House of Representatives at the time that the town was created. In the early 1770s town meetings were held at the taverns of Caleb Arnold and Nehemiah Knight where Cranstonians voted in favor of a resolution opposing the British Parliament's Coercive Acts, and the town heavily supported the Patriot cause during the Revolutionary War. After losing much of its territory to neighboring towns and the city of Providence over the nineteenth century, Cranston itself became a city on 10 March 1910.
Cranston is located at (41.7732, -71.4533).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 29.9 square miles (77 km2), of which, 28.6 square miles (74 km2) of it is land and 1.4 square miles (3.6 km2) of it (4.54%) is water.
The following neighborhoods and villages are located in Cranston:
- Alpine Estates
- Apple Hill Estates
- Castleton Estates
- Dean Estates
- Eden Park
- Fiskeville (also in Scituate)
- Forest Hills
- Friendly Community
- Garden City
- Garden Hills
- Glen Woods
- Hillside Farms
- Laurel Hill
- Jackson (also in Scituate, RI)
- Oakhill Terrace
- Orchard Valley Estates
- Thornton (this includes part of Johnston, RI)
- Pawtuxet Village
- Western Hills Village
- Cranston High School East
- Cranston High School West
- Western Hills Middle School
- Hugh B. Bain Middle School
- Park View Middle School
- Saint Paul School
As of the census of 2010, there were 80,387 people, 30,954 households, and 20,243 families residing in the city of Cranston. The population density was 2,774.6 people per square mile (1,071.3/km²). There were 32,068 housing units at an average density of 1,122.5 per square mile (433.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 89.19% White, 6.79% African American, 0.30% Native American, 3.28% Asian, 3.10%, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 1.93% from other races, and 1.57% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.56% of the population.
Over 30% of Cranston's residents describe themselves as Italian American, one of the highest percentages of this ethnic group in cities with over 50,000 residents in the United States.
Cranston is a part of the Providence metropolitan area, which has an estimated population of 1,622,520 which is located in the eastern part of the state.
There were 30,954 households, out of which 28.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.2% were married couples living together, 12.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.6% were non-families. 29.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 3.01.
In the city the population was spread out, with 21.6% under the age of 18, 7.7% from 18 to 24, 31.5% from 25 to 44, 22.0% from 45 to 64, and 17.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 95.9 males. For every 100 females of age 18 or over, there were 92.8 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $44,108, and the median income for a family was $55,241 (these figures had risen to $54,879 and $70,658 respectively as of a 2007 estimate). Males had a median income of $40,031 versus $28,279 for females. The per capita income for the city was $21,978. About 5.6% of families and 7.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.6% of those under age 18 and 8.5% of those age 65 or over.
Government and infrastructure
The Rhode Island Department of Corrections has its headquarters and its adult prison facilities in Cranston. The Rhode Island Department of Children, Youth & Families operates the Rhode Island Training School (RITS), a juvenile correctional facility, in Cranston. The Rhode Island Division of Motor Vehicles in headquartered in Cranston.
Companies with corporate headquarters in Cranston include jewelry maker Alex & Ani and Coastway Community Bank.
Four freeways travel through Cranston: I-95, I-295, RI 10 (the Huntington Expressway) and RI 37. Other state-numbered roads in Cranston are U.S. 1, US 1A, RI 2, RI 5, RI 12, RI 33, RI 51, RI 115 and RI 117.
Cranston is served by Rhode Island Public Transit Authority (RIPTA) buses. Amtrak's Northeast Corridor passes through but has no station in the city. The MBTA's Providence/Stoughton Line also passes through but does not include a station in Cranston. However, a station stop has been proposed. Currently, the nearest MBTA stations are in Providence and Warwick at T.F. Green Airport, the former which is also served by Amtrak.
The first auto race track in the country, Narragansett Park, located off Park Avenue, opened present-day Stadium Ball Field in September 1886 as a trotting track. Not to be confused with Narragansett Park a Thoroughbred horse track, located in Pawtucket, RI, which closed in 1978.
Cranston is home to the Budlong Pool, one of the largest outdoor swimming pools in the country. Built in the 1940s as a Works Progress Administration project, it is a staple of the community. It is located at 198 Aqueduct Road, off Reservoir Avenue (part of RI 2).
Sprague Mansion, an 18th-century homestead, is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. The Thomas Fenner House, built around 1677, is one of the oldest houses in Rhode Island. Edgewood Yacht Club which is no longer standing was a notable structure on the National Register of Historic Places located on the Providence River.
Flood of 2010
In March 2010, after an overwhelming amount of rain, the Pawtuxet River overflowed. This caused many major sites such as the Warwick Mall, Contour Dental Laboratories, and the CLCF Building to be shut down and repaired.
- Itri, Italy
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "MONEY Magazine: Best places to live 2006: Cranston, RI snapshot". Money.cnn.com. Retrieved 2009-12-11.
- Steven Frias, Cranston and Its Mayors: A History (The History Press, 2011) pg. 10-20
- Historic District Commission "History of Cranston" http://www.cranstonri.com/generalpage.php?page=94
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Contact Us." Rhode Island Department of Corrections. Retrieved on December 7, 2009.
- "DLLR's Division of Workforce Development and Adult Learning." Maryland Department of Labor, Licensing and Regulation. Retrieved on August 23, 2010.
- Crazy Good: The True Story of Dan Patch, the Most Famous Horse in America by Charles Leerhsen
- "Sprague Mansion, Cranston, RI". Riroads.com. Retrieved 2009-12-11.
- [=http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2Nf_Mt8t_wo "WPRO Newscast"].
- City of Cranston Official Site
- Cranston Public Library homepage
- Cranston Public Schools homepage
- Cranston travel guide from Wikivoyage