Crataegus pinnatifida

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Crataegus pinnatifida
Crataegus pinnatifida fruit (detail), Yongin.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Rosales
Family: Rosaceae
Genus: Crataegus
Series: Pinnatifidae
(Zabel ex C.K.Schneid) Rehder[1]
Species: C. pinnatifida
Binomial name
Crataegus pinnatifida
Bunge

Crataegus pinnatifida, also known as Chinese hawthorn, Chinese hawberry,[2][3] refers to a small to a medium-sized tree as well as the fruit of the tree. The fruit is bright red, 1.5 inches in diameter. In Chinese, the fruit is called shānzhā (Chinese: 山楂, literally meaning "mountain hawthorn") or da hong guo (大红果, literally meaning "big red fruit").

Use[edit]

Culinary use[edit]

In northern Chinese cuisine, ripe Crataegus pinnatifida fruits are used in the desserts tanghulu and shanzhagao. It is also used to make the traditional candies haw flakes, haw rolls, as well as candied fruit slices, jam, jelly and wine.

Traditional medicine[edit]

Several species of hawthorn are used in naturopathic medicine and traditional Chinese medicine, primarily to strengthen cardiac output. The dried fruits of Crataegus pinnatifida are used primarily as a digestive aid.[4]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Phipps, J.B.; Robertson, K.R.; Smith, P.G.; Rohrer, J.R. (1990). A checklist of the subfamily Maloideae (Rosaceae). Canadian Journal of Botany. 68(10): 2209–2269.
  2. ^ Hummer, K.E.; Janick, J. (2008). Folta, Kevin M.; Gardiner, Susan E., ed. Genetics and genomics of Rosaceae. New York: Springer. p. 11. ISBN 978-0-387-77490-9. 
  3. ^ Flint, Harrison L. (1997). Landscape plants for eastern North America : esclusive of Florida and the immediate Gulf Coast. New York: John Wiley & Sons. p. 158. ISBN 978-0-471-59919-7. 
  4. ^ Dharmananda S. (2004). "Hawthorn (Crataegus). Food and Medicine in China.". January. Institute of Traditional Medicine Online. 

See also[edit]