Crater, Yemen

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Craiter District
District
View of Crater district (Shamsan Mountains) from Al-Alam area
View of Crater district (Shamsan Mountains) from Al-Alam area
Country  Yemen
Governorate 'Adan Governorate
Population (2003)[1]
 • Total 76,723
Time zone Yemen Standard Time (UTC+3)

Crater (/ˈkrtər/; Arabic: كريتر‎, [ˈkɾeːtəɾ]), also Kraytar, is a district of the 'Adan Governorate, Yemen. Its official name is Seera (Arabic: صيرة Ṣīrah). It is situated in a crater of an ancient volcano which forms the Shamsan Mountains. In 1991, the population was 70,319. As of 2003, the district had a population of 76,723 people.[1]

In the closing days of British rule in 1967, Crater District became the focus of the Aden Emergency, sometimes called the last imperial war. Against a scene of rival Arab nationalists competing for sovereignty, a British infantry battalion marched into the Crater with a pipe-band playing traditional regimental tunes, and managed to occupy the whole district overnight without a single casualty - an achievement which the top brass had declared impossible. To the British at home, now able to view military operations live from the battlefield for the first time, this made a dramatic finale to the imperial story, and the officer who led the invasion (Lt. Col. Colin Mitchell of the Argyll & Sutherland Highlanders) went down in history with the affectionate nickname Mad Mitch.

Geography[edit]

Climate[edit]

Crater's climate is dominated all year by the subtropical anticyclone, or subtropical high, with its descending air, elevated inversions and clear skies. The Köppen Climate Classification subtype for this climate is "Bwh". (Tropical and Subtropical Desert Climate).[2]

Climate data for Crater, Yemen
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 32
(90)
32
(90)
34
(93)
35
(95)
38
(100)
39
(102)
39
(102)
39
(102)
38
(100)
35
(95)
33
(91)
32
(90)
35.5
(95.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) 27
(81)
27
(81)
29
(84)
30
(86)
33
(91)
34
(93)
34
(93)
33
(91)
32
(90)
29
(84)
28
(82)
27
(81)
30.3
(86.4)
Average low °C (°F) 22
(72)
22
(72)
24
(75)
25
(77)
27
(81)
28
(82)
28
(82)
27
(81)
27
(81)
24
(75)
23
(73)
22
(72)
24.9
(76.9)
Precipitation mm (inches) 0
(0)
2
(0.08)
6
(0.24)
15
(0.59)
12
(0.47)
0
(0)
10
(0.39)
11
(0.43)
5
(0.2)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
61
(2.4)
Avg. precipitation days 0 1 1 2 2 0 2 3 2 0 0 0 13
Mean monthly sunshine hours 248 232 279 270 310 270 217 248 270 310 270 279 3,203
Source: weather2travel.com[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Districts of Yemen". Statoids. Retrieved October 17, 2010. 
  2. ^ Climate Summary for Crater, Yemen
  3. ^ Aden Climate Guide - weather2travel.com