Crater Union order of battle

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The following Union Army units and commanders fought in the Battle of the Crater (July 30, 1864) of the American Civil War. The Confederate order of battle is listed separately.

Abbreviations used[edit]

Military Rank[edit]


Union Forces[edit]

General in Chief[edit]

LTG Ulysses S. Grant, commander in chief

Army of the Potomac[edit]

MG George Meade

Provost Guard:
BG Marsena R. Patrick

  • 1st Indiana Cavalry, Company K: Cpt Theodore Majtheny
  • 1st Massachusetts Cavalry, Companies C & D: Cpt Charles F. Adams, Jr.
  • 80th New York: Col Theodore B. Gates
  • 3rd Pennsylvania Cavalry, Companies A, B, & M: Maj James W. Walsh
  • 68th Pennsylvania: Col Andrew H. Tippin
  • 114th Pennsylvania: Col Charles H. T. Collis

Engineer Brigade:
BG Henry Washington Benham

  • 15th New York Engineers (5 companies): Maj William A. Ketchum
  • 50th New York Engineers:
  • Battalion U.S. Engineers: Cpt George H. Mendell

Signal Corps: Cpt Benjamin F. Fisher

Guards and Orderlies:

  • Independent Company Oneida Cavalry (New York): Cpt Daniel P. Mann

IX Corps[edit]

MG Ambrose Burnside

Provost Guard:

Division Brigade Regiments and Others

First Division
     BG James H. Ledlie

1st Brigade

   BG William F. Bartlett (c)
   Ltc Joseph H. Barnes

  • 21st Massachusetts: Cpt William H. Clark (mw)
  • 29th Massachusetts: Ltc Joseph H. Barnes, Cpt Willard D. Tripp
  • 56th Massachusetts: Col Stephen M. Weld (c), Cpt Charles D. Lamb
  • 57th Massachusetts: Maj Albert Prescott (k), Cpt Edson A Dresser (k), Lt Albert Doty
  • 59th Massachusetts: Col Jacob P. Gould (mw), Ltc John Hodges (k), Cpt Ezra P Gould
  • 100th Pennsylvania: Maj Thomas J. Hamilton (mw), Cpt Walter Oliver (k), Cpt Joseph H. Pentecost
2nd Brigade

   Col Elisha Marshall (c)
   Ltc. Gilbert P. Robinson

  • 3rd Maryland (4 companies) : Ltc Gilbert P. Robinson, Cpt David J. Weaver
  • 14th New York Heavy Artillery: Maj Charles Chipman
  • 179th New York (7 companies): Maj John Barton (k), Cpt Albert A. Terrill
  • 2nd Pennsylvania Provisional Heavy Artillery: Ltc Benjamin G Barney (w), Cpt James W. Haig
Acting Engineers
  • 35th Massachusetts: Cpt Clifton A. Blanchard

Second Division
     BG Robert Brown Potter

1st Brigade

   Col Zenas Bliss

  • 36th Massachusetts: Cpt Thaddeus L. Barker
  • 58th Massachusetts: Cpt Charles E. Churchill
  • 2nd New York Mounted Rifles: Col John Fisk
  • 45th Pennsylvania: Cpt Theodore Gregg
  • 48th Pennsylvania: Ltc Henry Pleasants
  • 4th Rhode Island: Maj James T. P. Bucklin
2nd Brigade

   BG Simon Goodell Griffin

Acting Engineers

Third Division
     BG Orlando B. Willcox

1st Brigade

   BG John F. Hartranft

2nd Brigade

   Col William Humphrey

Acting Engineers

Fourth Division
     BG Edward Ferrero

1st Brigade

   Ltc Joshua K. Sigfried

  • 27th U.S. Colored Troops: Ltc Charles J. Wright
  • 30th U.S. Colored Troops: Col Delevan Bates
  • 39th U.S. Colored Troops: Col Ozora P. Stearns
  • 43rd U.S. Colored Troops (7 companies): Cpt Jesse Wilkinson
2nd Brigade

   Col Henry Goddard Thomas

  • 19th U.S. Colored Troops (28th U.S. Colored Troops attached): Ltc Joseph G. Perkins
  • 23rd U.S. Colored Troops: Col Cleaveland J. Campbell (w)
  • 29th U.S. Colored Troops: Maj T. Jefferson Brown
  • 31st U.S. Colored Troops: Cpt Thomas Wright
Artillery Brigade

   Ltc J. Albert Monroe

Army of the James[edit]

MG Benjamin F. Butler

Siege Artillery: Col Henry L. Abbot

XVIII Corps[edit]

MG Edward Ord

X Corps[edit]

(attached to XVIII Corps)

Division Brigade Regiments and Others

Second Division
     BG John W. Turner

1st Brigade

   Col Newton Martin Curtis

  • 3rd New York: Cpt George W. Warren
  • 112th New York: Ltc John F. Smith
  • 117th New York: Ltc Rufus Daggett
  • 142nd New York: Ltc Albert M. Barney
2nd Brigade

   Ltc William B. Coan

  • 47th New York: Cpt Charles A. Moore
  • 48th New York: Maj Samuel M Swartwout (k), Cpt Joseph Taylor
  • 76th Pennsylvania: Maj William S. Diller
  • 97th Pennsylvania: Cpt Isaiah Price
3rd Brigade

   Col Louis Bell

  • 13th Indiana (3 companies): Lt Samuel M. Zent
  • 9th Maine: Cpt Robert J. Gray
  • 4th New Hampshire: Cpt Joseph M Clough (w), Cpt Frank W. Parker
  • 115th New York: Ltc Nathan J. Johnson
  • 169th New York: Maj James A. Colvin

See also[edit]


  • Kinard, Jeff. The Battle of the Crater (Abilene, TX: McWhiney Foundation Press), 1998. ISBN 1-886661-06-5