Craugastoridae

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Craugastoridae
Craugastor fitzingeri.jpg
Craugastor fitzingeri
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Subclass: Lissamphibia
Order: Anura
Suborder: Neobatrachia
Family: Craugastoridae
Hedges, Duellman & Heinicke, 2008
Subfamilies and genera

See the text.

Craugastoridae is a family of New World direct-developing frogs. As delineated here, following the "Amphibian Species of the World", it is a large family containing 727 species.[1] However, the taxonomy of these frogs is not yet settled,[2][3] and other sources may treat subfamily Strabomantinae as a family, Strabomantidae,[3][4][5] with correspondingly smaller Craugastoridae.[3][6][7]

With the possible exception of Craugastor laticeps that may be ovoviviparous,[8] craugastorid frogs have direct development: there is no free-living tadpole stage, instead, eggs develop directly into small froglets.[9]

Subfamilies and genera[edit]

The following taxonomy is the one adopted by the "Amphibian Species of the World" in early 2014:[1]

Genera not placed in a subfamily[edit]

Subfamilies[edit]

  • Craugastorinae Hedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008 (116 sp.)
  • Holoadeninae Hedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008 (50 sp.)
  • Pristimantinae Ohler and Dubois, 2012 (526 sp.)
    • Lynchius Hedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008 (4 sp.)
    • Oreobates Jiménez de la Espada, 1872 (22 sp.)
    • Phrynopus Peters, 1873 (25 sp.)
    • Pristimantis Jiménez de la Espada, 1870 (470 sp.)
    • Yunganastes Padial, Castroviejo-Fisher, Köhler, Domic, and De la Riva, 2007 (5 sp.)
  • Strabomantinae Hedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008 (16 sp.)

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Frost, Darrel R. (2014). "Craugastoridae Hedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008". Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. American Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 25 April 2014. 
  2. ^ Frost, Darrel R. (2014). "Higher taxonomy and progress". Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. American Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 25 April 2014. 
  3. ^ a b c Blackburn, D.C.; Wake, D.B. (2011). "Class Amphibia Gray, 1825. In: Zhang, Z.-Q. (Ed.) Animal biodiversity: An outline of higher-level classification and survey of taxonomic richness". Zootaxa 3148: 39–55. 
  4. ^ "Strabomantidae Hedges, Duellman and Heinicke, 2008". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. 
  5. ^ "Strabomantidae". AmphibiaWeb: Information on amphibian biology and conservation. [web application]. Berkeley, California: AmphibiaWeb. 2014. Retrieved 25 April 2014. 
  6. ^ "Craugastoridae Hedges, Duellman and Heinicke, 2008". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. 
  7. ^ "Craugastoridae". AmphibiaWeb: Information on amphibian biology and conservation. [web application]. Berkeley, California: AmphibiaWeb. 2014. Retrieved 25 April 2014. 
  8. ^ McCranie, J.R., M.H. Wake, L. Valdés Orellana (2013). "Craugastor laticeps. Possible ovoviviparity". Herpetological Review 44 (4): 653–654. 
  9. ^ Hedges, S. B., Duellman, W. E., and Heinicke, M. P (2008). "New World direct-developing frogs (Anura: Terrarana): Molecular phylogeny, classification, biogeography, and conservation". Zootaxa 1737: 1–182.