Crawford is an unincorporated community in Galt and Odessa Townships in Rice County, Kansas, United States. It lies along K-4 about 6 miles (9.7 km) east of Geneseo.
For millennia, the land now known as Kansas was inhabited by Native Americans. In 1803, most of modern Kansas was secured by the United States as part of the Louisiana Purchase. In 1854, the Kansas Territory was organized, then in 1861 Kansas became the 34th U.S. state. In 1867, Rice County was founded.