Crawford County, Arkansas

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Crawford County, Arkansas
Crawford County Arkansas Courthouse.jpg
Map of Arkansas highlighting Crawford County
Location in the state of Arkansas
Map of the United States highlighting Arkansas
Arkansas's location in the U.S.
Founded 1820
Named for William H. Crawford
Seat Van Buren
Largest city Van Buren
Area
 • Total 604.20 sq mi (1,565 km2)
 • Land 595.39 sq mi (1,542 km2)
 • Water 8.81 sq mi (23 km2)
Population
 • (2010) 61,948
 • Density 104/sq mi (40.17/km²)
Congressional districts 3rd, 4th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5

Crawford County is a county located in the U.S. state of Arkansas. It is part of the Fort Smith, Arkansas-Oklahoma Metropolitan Statistical Area. As of the 2010 census, the population was 61,948. The county seat is Van Buren.[1] Crawford County was formed on October 18, 1820, and named for William H. Crawford[2] who was United States Secretary of War in 1815. As a dry county, alcohol sales are generally prohibited, though recent changes to county law provide for exemptions.

Geography[edit]

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 604.20 square miles (1,564.9 km2), of which 595.39 square miles (1,542.1 km2) (or 98.54%) is land and 8.81 square miles (22.8 km2) (or 1.46%) is water.[3]

Major highways[edit]

Crawford County is included in an area designated for a planned extension of Interstate 49 into Arkansas. The final project will connect New Orleans, Louisiana to Kansas City, Missouri, a large trucking corridor which is currently not served by an Interstate highway. The proposed highway would utilize portions of Interstate 540 which currently runs north from Van Buren toward the Missouri state line passing through Benton County, home of Wal-Mart. The corridor was listed as the number-one high-priority corridor by transportation officials in the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act.

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1830 2,440
1840 4,266 74.8%
1850 7,960 86.6%
1860 7,850 −1.4%
1870 8,957 14.1%
1880 14,740 64.6%
1890 21,714 47.3%
1900 21,270 −2.0%
1910 23,942 12.6%
1920 25,739 7.5%
1930 22,549 −12.4%
1940 23,920 6.1%
1950 22,727 −5.0%
1960 21,318 −6.2%
1970 25,677 20.4%
1980 36,892 43.7%
1990 42,493 15.2%
2000 53,247 25.3%
2010 61,948 16.3%
Est. 2012 61,946 0.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[4]
2012 Estimate[5]

As of the census[6] of 2000, there were 53,247 people, 19,702 households, and 15,150 families residing in the county. The population density was 35/km² (89/mi²). There were 21,315 housing units at an average density of 14/km² (36/mi²). The racial makeup of the county was 92.19% White, 0.87% Black or African American, 2.01% Native American, 1.19% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.48% from other races, and 2.24% from two or more races. 3.27% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 19,702 households out of which 37.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.20% were married couples living together, 10.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.10% were non-families. 20.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.68 and the average family size was 3.07.

In the county the population was spread out with 28.20% under the age of 18, 8.40% from 18 to 24, 29.30% from 25 to 44, 22.80% from 45 to 64, and 11.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 97.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $32,871, and the median income for a family was $36,741. Males had a median income of $29,581 versus $20,352 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,015. About 10.90% of families and 14.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.30% of those under age 18 and 13.70% of those age 65 or over.

Controversy[edit]

Thousands of self-claimed "Western Band of Cherokee" (or Arkansas Cherokees) fought for state and federal recognition as a political entity of Native Americans. Crawford County was historically part of the Cherokee Nation, which lost its tribal sovereignty status as a result of the U.S. Civil war in the 1860s. The Cherokee Nation was subsequently relocated to the west in the present-day state of Oklahoma.[citation needed]

Cities and towns[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Townships[edit]

Townships in Arkansas are the divisions of a county. Each township includes unincorporated areas and some may have incorporated towns or cities within part of their space. Townships have limited purposes in modern times. However, the US Census does list Arkansas population based on townships (often referred to as "minor civil divisions"). Townships are also of value for historical purposes in terms of genealogical research. Each town or city is within one or more townships in an Arkansas county based on census maps. The townships of Crawford County are listed below with the town(s) and/or city that are fully or partially inside them listed in parentheses. [7][8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  2. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 95. 
  3. ^ "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13. 
  4. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved July 3, 2013. 
  5. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Census.gov. Retrieved July 3, 2013. 
  6. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  7. ^ US Census Bureau. 2011 Boundary and Annexation Survey (BAS): Crawford County, AR (Map). http://www2.census.gov/geo/pvs/bas/bas11/st05_ar/cou/c05033_crawford/BAS11C20503300000_000.pdf. Retrieved 20110825.
  8. ^ http://www.census.gov/geo/www/maps/DC10_GUBlkMap/cousub/dc10blk_st05_cousub.html#C

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 35°34′N 94°15′W / 35.567°N 94.250°W / 35.567; -94.250