Crawford County, Illinois
|Crawford County, Illinois|
Crawford County Courthouse in Robinson
Location in the state of Illinois
Illinois's location in the U.S.
|Named for||William H. Crawford|
|• Total||445.82 sq mi (1,155 km2)|
|• Land||443.63 sq mi (1,149 km2)|
|• Water||2.19 sq mi (6 km2), 0.49%|
|• Density||46/sq mi (18/km²)|
|Time zone||Central: UTC-6/-5|
Crawford County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 19,817, which is a decrease of 3.1% from 20,452 in 2000. Its county seat is Robinson.
According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 445.82 square miles (1,154.7 km2), of which 443.63 square miles (1,149.0 km2) (or 99.51%) is land and 2.19 square miles (5.7 km2) (or 0.49%) is water. Some of the county's eastern border is defined by the Wabash River.
- Clark County - north
- Sullivan County, Indiana - east
- Knox County, Indiana - southeast
- Lawrence County - south
- Richland County - southwest
- Jasper County - west
Crawford County was formed in 1816 out of Edwards County. At the time of its formation, it encompassed about one third of the State, but it was reduced to its present borders by 1831 as it spawned new counties. It was named in honor of William H. Crawford, from Georgia, who was serving as Secretary of War and Secretary of the Treasury at the time. Crawford County was home to several battles between the settlers and Indians, and also the location of the only woman ever hanged in Illinois.
Crawford County is divided into ten townships:
As of the census of 2000, there were 20,452 people, 7,842 households, and 5,450 families residing in the county. The population density was 46 people per square mile (18/km²). There were 8,785 housing units at an average density of 20 per square mile (8/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 93.58% White, 4.53% Black or African American, 0.27% Native American, 0.35% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.55% from other races, and 0.71% from two or more races. 1.72% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 31.5% were of American, 23.1% German, 11.6% English and 8.6% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000. 96.9% spoke English and 2.1% Spanish as their first language.
There were 7,842 households out of which 30.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.80% were married couples living together, 8.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.50% were non-families. 26.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 2.91.
In the county the population was spread out with 22.80% under the age of 18, 8.60% from 18 to 24, 28.90% from 25 to 44, 23.00% from 45 to 64, and 16.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 107.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 106.50 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $32,531, and the median income for a family was $40,418. Males had a median income of $30,339 versus $21,604 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,869. About 8.50% of families and 11.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.00% of those under age 18 and 8.40% of those age 65 or over.
Climate and weather
|Climate chart (explanation)|
In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Robinson have ranged from a low of 21 °F (−6 °C) in January to a high of 89 °F (32 °C) in July, although a record low of −23 °F (−31 °C) was recorded in December 1989 and a record high of 114 °F (46 °C) was recorded in July 1954. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.45 inches (62 mm) in January to 4.67 inches (119 mm) in May.
- United States Census Bureau 2007 TIGER/Line Shapefiles
- United States Board on Geographic Names (GNIS)
- United States National Atlas
- "Crawford County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-11-05.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "Census 2010 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-11-05.
- Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 95.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved July 26, 2013.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Census.gov. Retrieved July 26, 2013.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Monthly Averages for Robinson, Illinois". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27.
|Jasper County||Sullivan County, Indiana|
|Richland County||Lawrence County||Knox County, Indiana|