Crawford County, Illinois

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Crawford County, Illinois
Crawford County Courthouse in Robinson.jpg
Crawford County Courthouse in Robinson
Map of Illinois highlighting Crawford County
Location in the state of Illinois
Map of the United States highlighting Illinois
Illinois's location in the U.S.
Founded 1816
Named for William H. Crawford
Seat Robinson
Largest city Robinson
Area
 • Total 446 sq mi (1,155 km2)
 • Land 444 sq mi (1,150 km2)
 • Water 2.2 sq mi (6 km2), 0.5%
Population
 • (2010) 19,817
 • Density 45/sq mi (17/km²)
Congressional district 15th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.crawfordcountycentral.com

Crawford County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. As of the 2010 census, the population was 19,817.[1] Its county seat is Robinson.[2]

History[edit]

Crawford County was formed in Illinois Territory in 1816 out of Edwards County. At the time of its formation, it encompassed about one third of the State, but it was reduced to its present borders by 1831 as it spawned new counties. It was named in honor of William H. Crawford,[3] from Georgia, who was serving as Secretary of War and Secretary of the Treasury at the time. Crawford County was home to several battles between the settlers and Indians, and also the location of the only woman ever hanged in Illinois.

In 1818, the town of Palestine was designated as the county seat. After elections in 1843, a new site was chosen, which would become the town of Robinson.[4]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 446 square miles (1,160 km2), of which 444 square miles (1,150 km2) is land and 2.2 square miles (5.7 km2) (0.5%) is water.[5] Some of the county's eastern border is defined by the Wabash River.

Climate and weather[edit]

Robinson, Illinois
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
2.5
 
37
21
 
 
2.6
 
44
26
 
 
3.8
 
55
35
 
 
4
 
66
44
 
 
4.7
 
77
54
 
 
3.8
 
85
64
 
 
4.2
 
89
67
 
 
3.8
 
87
65
 
 
3.5
 
81
57
 
 
3
 
69
45
 
 
3.9
 
54
37
 
 
3.2
 
42
26
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[6]

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Robinson have ranged from a low of 21 °F (−6 °C) in January to a high of 89 °F (32 °C) in July, although a record low of −23 °F (−31 °C) was recorded in December 1989 and a record high of 114 °F (46 °C) was recorded in July 1954. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.45 inches (62 mm) in January to 4.67 inches (119 mm) in May.[6]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Demographics[edit]

2000 census age pyramid for Crawford County
Historical population
Census Pop.
1820 3,022
1830 3,117 3.1%
1840 4,422 41.9%
1850 7,135 61.4%
1860 11,551 61.9%
1870 13,889 20.2%
1880 16,197 16.6%
1890 17,283 6.7%
1900 19,240 11.3%
1910 26,281 36.6%
1920 22,771 −13.4%
1930 21,085 −7.4%
1940 21,294 1.0%
1950 21,137 −0.7%
1960 20,751 −1.8%
1970 19,824 −4.5%
1980 20,818 5.0%
1990 19,464 −6.5%
2000 20,452 5.1%
2010 19,817 −3.1%
Est. 2013 19,505 −1.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790-1960[8] 1900-1990[9]
1990-2000[10] 2010-2013[1]

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 20,452 people, 7,842 households, and 5,450 families residing in the county. The population density was 46 people per square mile (18/km²). There were 8,785 housing units at an average density of 20 per square mile (8/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 93.58% White, 4.53% Black or African American, 0.27% Native American, 0.35% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.55% from other races, and 0.71% from two or more races. 1.72% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 31.5% were of American, 23.1% German, 11.6% English and 8.6% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000. 96.9% spoke English and 2.1% Spanish as their first language.

There were 7,842 households out of which 30.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.80% were married couples living together, 8.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.50% were non-families. 26.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 2.91.

In the county the population was spread out with 22.80% under the age of 18, 8.60% from 18 to 24, 28.90% from 25 to 44, 23.00% from 45 to 64, and 16.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 107.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 106.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $32,531, and the median income for a family was $40,418. Males had a median income of $30,339 versus $21,604 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,869. About 8.50% of families and 11.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.00% of those under age 18 and 8.40% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Villages[edit]

Townships[edit]

Crawford County is divided into ten townships:

See also[edit]

Sources[edit]

  • Perrin, William Henry, ed.. History of Crawford and Clark Counties, Illinois Chicago, Illinois. O. L. Baskin & Co. (1883).

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 4, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 95. 
  4. ^ Perrin, p. 42.
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  6. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Robinson, Illinois". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 4, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 4, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 4, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 4, 2014. 
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 39°00′N 87°46′W / 39.00°N 87.76°W / 39.00; -87.76