Crawford Hill

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is about a hill in New Jersey. For the railway helper district in Nebraska, see Crawford Hill, Nebraska.
The horn antenna at Bell Labs Crawford Hill, 791 Holmdel-Keyport Rd, Holmdel, NJ

Crawford Hill is located in Holmdel Township, New Jersey, United States. It is Monmouth County's highest point, standing at least 380 feet (116 m) above sea level.[1] The hill is best known as the site of an annex to the Bell Labs Holmdel Complex.

Arno Penzias and Robert Wilson of Bell Labs used the Holmdel Horn Antenna located on Crawford Hill to take measurements of the cosmic microwave background radiation. They were awarded the 1978 Nobel Prize in Physics for these efforts that supported the Big Bang theory. For more information, see Discovery of cosmic microwave background radiation.

More recently the laboratory has undertaken research in the fields of wireless and fiber-optic communication and award winning Bell Laboratories researchers in these fields, working at Crawford Hill include Herwig Kogelnik and Gerard Foschini.

Herwig Kogelnik won the 2001 Marconi International Fellowship Award and IEEE Medal of Honor for his work in the development of fiber optic technology and the 2006 National Medal of Technology.

Gerard J. Foschini[2] was the 2002 recipient of the Thomas Alva Edison Patent Award for his pioneering inventions having to do with the capacity of communications systems with multiple antennas.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "List of Johns". NJPEAK STATISTICS. Retrieved 20 March 2012. 
  2. ^ http://www.bell-labs.com/news/2002/november/foschini.html

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 40°23′28″N 74°11′07″W / 40.39111°N 74.18528°W / 40.39111; -74.18528