Crawford Vaughan

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Crawford Vaughan
27th Premier of South Australia
Elections: 1915
In office
3 April 1915 – 14 July 1917
Monarch George V
Governor Sir Henry Galway
Preceded by Archibald Peake
Succeeded by Archibald Peake
Personal details
Political party Australian Labor Party,
National Labor Party

Crawford Vaughan (1874 – 1947), was Premier of South Australia between 3 April 1915 and 14 July 1917.

Vaughan unsuccessfully campaigned for a seat in the Australian House of Representatives in 1901, and for the Australian Senate in 1903. He then turned to state politics, and entered the South Australian parliament by winning the seat of Torrens in 1905, representing the United Labor Party. He held this seat until 1915, when he became the member for Sturt. He became Treasurer of South Australia in 1910 in the government of Premier John Verran. Verran and Labor lost government in 1912. When Verran resigned the leadership of the party in 1913, Vaughan was elected to the post.

Vaughan and Labor defeated the Liberal Union government led by Archibald Peake in 1915, with 26 of 46 seats in the House of Assembly. His government improved the education system by restructuring the department's senior bureaucracy, by extending the years of compulsory school attendance and by providing better facilities for the intellectually and physically disabled. The government legislated to allow women to serve in the police force and as justices of the peace, while it also improved workers' access to the arbitration system and diminished the court's punitive powers against trade unions. A wheat pool was created, as were land and housing schemes for war veterans. However, the government also passed a law designed to close Lutheran primary schools.

He resigned from the Labor Party in 1916 in support of Billy Hughes' conscription, and was a founding member of the National Labor Party. He remained as premier until 1917, when his government was defeated in parliament over the conscription issue, with Peake becoming Premier for a third time.

Other interests[edit]

Crawford had a literary bent: he was a freelance journalist and for a time editor of Quiz[1] before taking up politics, and in later life had two books published: Golden Wattle Time published in Sydney 1942 by Frank Johnson and The Last of Captain Bligh published in London 1950 by Staples Press. He was also the author of radio scripts.[2]


In 1906 he married Evelyn Goode, daughter of Thomas Goode, manager for over 30 years of Canowie Station near Hallett, SA. After her death in 1927 he remarried in 1934 to Millicent Preston-Stanley.


  1. ^ "City Scratchings.". Kapunda Herald (SA : 1878 - 1951) (SA: National Library of Australia). 17 August 1906. p. 5. Retrieved 13 January 2015. 
  2. ^ Arnold, John The Bibliography of Australian Literature, Vol 4, P-Z p.586 University of Queensland Press 2009 ISBN 0702240311
Political offices
Preceded by
Archibald Peake
Premier of South Australia
Succeeded by
Archibald Peake
Party political offices
Preceded by
John Verran
Leader of the Australian Labor Party
(SA division)

Succeeded by
Andrew Kirkpatrick