Crawley (UK Parliament constituency)
|for the House of Commons|
Boundary of Crawley in West Sussex.
Location of West Sussex within England.
|Electorate||71,793 (December 2010)|
|Member of Parliament||Henry Smith (Conservative)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||Horsham and Crawley|
|European Parliament constituency||South East England|
The constituency covers the whole of the town and borough of Crawley in West Sussex which includes London Gatwick Airport. Crawley borders Horsham in the same county on all sides other than the north, where it borders a part of East Surrey.
Before the 1983 General Election, Crawley was part of the Horsham & Crawley, Horsham, and Horsham & Worthing constituencies at times. Due to the growth of the Crawley which was a small town into a substantial new town in the 1960s and 70s, the Boundary Commission took the decision to separate it from Horsham in 1983 and create a new seat. Labour majorites with comfortable victories in 1997 and 2001 suggested a safe seat, but the sometimes volatile nature of New Town voters, especially in South-East England, made the seat highly marginal since 2005. Labour had a majority of 37 votes in the 2005 election, making this seat the most marginal in the UK. The 2010 election saw Henry Smith win the seat at the third attempt, beating Labour's Chris Oxlade by 5,928, on an (averaged two-party) swing of 6.3%.
Members of Parliament
Elections in the 2010s
|General Election 2010: Crawley|
|Liberal Democrat||John Vincent||6,844||14.4||−1.1|
|Justice Party||Arshad Khan||265||0.6||+0.1|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing||+6.3|
Elections in the 2000s
|General Election 2005: Crawley|
|Liberal Democrat||Rupert Sheard||6,503||15.5||+2.8|
|Democratic Socialist Alliance - People Before Profit||Robin Burnham||263||0.6||N/A|
|Justice Party||Arshad Khan||210||0.5||−0.2|
|General Election 2001: Crawley|
|Liberal Democrat||Linda Seekings||5,009||12.7||+4.5|
|Monster Raving Loony||Claire Staniford||383||1.0||N/A|
|Justice Party||Arshad Khan||271||0.7||+0.2|
|Socialist Labour||Karl Stewart||260||0.7||N/A|
|Socialist Alliance||Muriel Hirsch||251||0.6||N/A|
Elections in the 1990s
|General Election 1997: Crawley|
|Liberal Democrat||Harold De Souza||4,141||8.2||−6.3|
|Referendum Party||Ronald Walters||1,931||3.8||N/A|
|Justice Party||Arshad Khan||230||0.5||N/A|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing|
This constituency underwent boundary changes between the 1992 and 1997 general
elections and thus change in share of vote is based on a notional calculation.
|General Election 1992: Crawley|
|Liberal Democrat||Gordon Seekings||8,558||13.8||−7.7|
Elections in the 1980s
|General Election 1987: Crawley|
|Labour||Paul John Leo||17,121||29.0||+2.8|
|Social Democrat||David Norman Simmons||12,674||21.5||−4.2|
|General Election 1983: Crawley|
|Social Democrat||T. Forrester||13,900||25.7||N/A|
|Conservative win (new seat)|
Notes and references
- "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- BBC - Election 2010 - Crawley
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "C" (part 6)[self-published source][better source needed]
- "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06.
- Election result, 2005 (BBC)
- Election results, 1997 - 2001 (BBC)
- Election results, 1997 - 2001 (Election Demon)
- Election results, 1983 - 1992 (Election Demon)
- Election results, 1992 - 2005 (Guardian)