Crawley (UK Parliament constituency)

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Coordinates: 51°06′47″N 0°10′59″W / 51.113°N 0.183°W / 51.113; -0.183

Crawley
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Crawley in West Sussex.
Outline map
Location of West Sussex within England.
County West Sussex
Electorate 71,793 (December 2010)[1]
Major settlements Crawley
Current constituency
Created 1983
Member of Parliament Henry Smith (Conservative)
Number of members One
Created from Horsham and Crawley
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency South East England

Crawley is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by Henry Smith of the Conservative Party.[n 2]

Boundaries[edit]

1983-1997: The Borough of Crawley; and the District of Mid Sussex wards of Balcombe, Copthorne and Worth, Crawley Down, Slaugham, and Turners Hill.

1997-present: The Borough of Crawley.

The constituency covers the whole of the town and borough of Crawley in West Sussex which includes London Gatwick Airport. Crawley borders Horsham in the same county on all sides other than the north, where it borders a part of East Surrey.

The Boundary Commission analysed population increase and recommended that no changes to the constituency were made for the 2010 general election so the seat remains coterminous with the borough.

History[edit]

Before the 1983 General Election, Crawley was part of the Horsham & Crawley, Horsham, and Horsham & Worthing constituencies at times. Due to the growth of the Crawley which was a small town into a substantial new town in the 1960s and 70s, the Boundary Commission took the decision to separate it from Horsham in 1983 and create a new seat. Labour majorites with comfortable victories in 1997 and 2001 suggested a safe seat, but the sometimes volatile nature of New Town voters, especially in South-East England, made the seat highly marginal since 2005. Labour had a majority of 37 votes in the 2005 election, making this seat the most marginal in the UK. The 2010 election saw Henry Smith win the seat at the third attempt, beating Labour's Chris Oxlade by 5,928, on an (averaged two-party) swing of 6.3%.[2]

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member[3] Party
1983 Nicholas Soames Conservative
1997 Laura Moffatt Labour
2010 Henry Smith Conservative

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2010: Crawley[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Henry Smith 21,264 44.8 +5.8
Labour Chris Oxlade 15,336 32.3 −6.8
Liberal Democrat John Vincent 6,844 14.4 −1.1
BNP Richard Trower 1,672 3.5 +0.5
UKIP Chris French 1,382 2.9 +0.7
Green Phil Smith 598 1.3 N/A
Justice Party Arshad Khan 265 0.6 +0.1
Independent Andrew Hubner 143 0.3 N/A
Majority 5,928 12.5 +12.6
Turnout 47,504 65.3 +6.9
Conservative gain from Labour Swing +6.3

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Crawley
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Laura Moffatt 16,411 39.1 −10.2
Conservative Henry Smith 16,374 39.0 +6.8
Liberal Democrat Rupert Sheard 6,503 15.5 +2.8
BNP Richard Trower 1,277 3.0 N/A
UKIP Ronald Walters 935 2.2 −0.7
Democratic Socialist Alliance - People Before Profit Robin Burnham 263 0.6 N/A
Justice Party Arshad Khan 210 0.5 −0.2
Majority 37 0.1
Turnout 41,973 58.4 +3.2
Labour hold Swing −8.5
General Election 2001: Crawley
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Laura Moffatt 19,488 49.3 −5.7
Conservative Henry Smith 12,718 32.2 +0.4
Liberal Democrat Linda Seekings 5,009 12.7 +4.5
UKIP Brian Galloway 1,137 2.9 +2.2
Monster Raving Loony Claire Staniford 383 1.0 N/A
Justice Party Arshad Khan 271 0.7 +0.2
Socialist Labour Karl Stewart 260 0.7 N/A
Socialist Alliance Muriel Hirsch 251 0.6 N/A
Majority 6,770 17.1 −6.2
Turnout 39,517 55.2 −17.7
Labour hold Swing −3.1

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Crawley
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Laura Moffatt 27,750 55.1 +14.7
Conservative Josephine Crabb 16,043 31.8 −12.1
Liberal Democrat Harold De Souza 4,141 8.2 −6.3
Referendum Party Ronald Walters 1,931 3.8 N/A
UKIP Eric Saunders 322 0.6 N/A
Justice Party Arshad Khan 230 0.5 N/A
Majority 11,707 23.3
Turnout 50,417 72.9
Labour gain from Conservative Swing

This constituency underwent boundary changes between the 1992 and 1997 general
elections and thus change in share of vote is based on a notional calculation.

General Election 1992: Crawley[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Nicholas Soames 30,204 48.8 −0.7
Labour Laura Moffatt 22,439 36.2 +7.2
Liberal Democrat Gordon Seekings 8,558 13.8 −7.7
Green Mark Wilson 766 1.2 N/A
Majority 7,765 12.6 −7.9
Turnout 61,967 79.2 +2.1
Conservative hold Swing −4.0

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: Crawley
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Nicholas Soames 29,259 49.5 +1.4
Labour Paul John Leo 17,121 29.0 +2.8
Social Democrat David Norman Simmons 12,674 21.5 −4.2
Majority 12,138 20.5
Turnout 59,054 77.1 +0.7
Conservative hold Swing −0.7
General Election 1983: Crawley
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Nicholas Soames 25,963 48.1 N/A
Labour Les Allen 14,149 26.2 N/A
Social Democrat T. Forrester 13,900 25.7 N/A
Majority 11,814 21.9 N/A
Turnout 54,012 76.4 N/A
Conservative win (new seat)

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
References
  1. ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ a b BBC - Election 2010 - Crawley
  3. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "C" (part 6)[self-published source][better source needed]
  4. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06. 

Sources[edit]