Crayford

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For other uses, see Crayford (disambiguation).
Crayford
Crayford is located in Greater London
Crayford
Crayford
 Crayford shown within Greater London
OS grid reference TQ515745
   – Charing Cross 13.7 mi (22.0 km)  WNW
London borough Bexley
Ceremonial county Greater London
Region London
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town DARTFORD
Postcode district DA1
Dialling code 01322
Police Metropolitan
Fire London
Ambulance London
EU Parliament London
UK Parliament Bexleyheath and Crayford
London Assembly Bexley and Bromley
List of places
UK
England
London

Coordinates: 51°26′57″N 0°10′52″E / 51.4491°N 0.1812°E / 51.4491; 0.1812

Crayford is a town and electoral ward in South East London, England within the London Borough of Bexley. It lies east of Bexleyheath and north west of Dartford.


History[edit]

Lion remains from Crayford; dated to the Palaeolithic.

An Iron Age settlement existed roughly in the period 30 BC to 40 AD in the vicinity of what is now St Paulinus Church.[1] Crayford is one of several places that have been suggested as the site of Roman Noviomagus (new market), a place mentioned on the Antonine Itinerary as being on the road from Canterbury to London. Crayford is also plausible as the site of a bloody battle in 457 AD at Crecganford (early English for "creeks-ford"). The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle (written over 400 years later) describes how Hengist and Aesc defeated the "Brettas", usually interpreted as Britons,[1] and often over-interpreted as "Celtic". See 5th Century Anglo-Saxon England.

Crayford is mentioned in the Domesday Book (the survey of which took place in 1086) as having a church and three mills, and a relatively large population of 27 regular householders (villeins) and 2 smallholders.[1] Its overlord and lord was not a private individual, nor the King but Christ Church, Canterbury.[2]

As a (civil/combined) parish (before 1920) it included the hamlets of North End, Perry Street and Slade Green which lie to the north.[3] In 1831, the population of the parish was 2022 people.[4] For centuries it was strongly associated with brick-making, the printing of silk scarves, ties and calico cloths, and for a short period carpet-making.

Crayford Manor House, reconstructed in 1816

There were two main Manor Houses in the area during the Middle Ages, Newbery Manor on the site of what is now Crayford Manor House, and Howbury Manor next to Slade Green. Near to Newbery Manor was May Place, built for the Appleton (Apylton) family who served Kings Henry V and Henry VI.[5] Nearby Hall Place was built for Lord Mayor of the City of London Sir John Champneis in around 1537.[6] There was also an Iron Mill, which was later replaced by a saw mill (in 1765),[1] which produced the timber for the floor of Buckingham Palace.[4]

Industrialisation[edit]

In 1819 the former saw mill site became a flour mill, and another major employer was the silk works set up by Augustus Applegath and later run by David Evans. The Maxim Nordenfeldt Gun and Ammunition Factory was also a major employer, until taken over by the Vickers Company in 1897. Vickers built military aeroplanes and armaments and became the dominant employer, building homes, a theatre and a canteen close to many workshops.[1] The canteen (built during World War I) became the town hall of the Crayford Urban District Council and remains a major landmark in municipal use.[6]

Another former major employer in Crayford was Dussek Brothers (part of Burmah-Castrol since the 1960s) who operated their oils and waxes blending business on Thames Road from around 1928 until the site was bought by BP and subsequently closed down in 2001. The entire site was demolished in early 2010, and is awaiting a buyer. The David Evans silk works is another recent closure, in 2002.

Noteworthy residents include Admiral Sir Cloudesley Shovell, who lived at May Place between 1694 and 1707,[1] and Sir Frederick Currie who also lived at the Manor House, May Place. Inventors Augustus Applegath,[1] Sir Hiram Maxim[7] and Jack Wall, inventor of the Crayford focuser, which is incorporated into many modern telescopes[8] were also residents. Sportsman Derek Ufton, who played both cricket and football professionally, was born in Crayford.

Statistic's show that violence in Crayford has increased by 4.0%, however statistics have also shown criminal offences such as burglary, graffiti have decreased by 6.0% and discrimination and racism offences have decreased by 9%.[citation needed]

Until the creation of Greater London in 1965 which was effectively an expansion of the County of London, the character and attributes of the place fell just short of town status in the United Kingdom and it was until shortly before World War II little more than an average sized village in Kent with relatively short journeys possible to London and 19th century and early 20th century industrial employment areas such as Dartford and Croydon.

Leisure[edit]

Crayford ward (green) within the London Borough of Bexley (yellow)

Crayford is now well known for a different theatre (home of the New Theatre Group),[6] a small astronomic observatory and a greyhound racing track. The theatre was named in honour of Geoffrey Whitworth who played a key part in developing a British tradition of amateur drama and in building political support for The Royal National Theatre erected at Waterloo, London after his death. The new Crayford Community Hall, locate above the library, is the venue for many groups including Village Concerts, which meets at 2pm on the second Thursday of each month. The lighter music concert is presented in homage to Max Jaffa, concert violinist of the Palm Court Era.

Nearby Hall Place is a scheduled ancient monument lying between Crayford and Bexley. It has gardens with the River Cray running through and a plant nursery, a cafe and restaurant plus the silkworks shop formerly located in the David Evans factory.[6]

The main leisure facilities are Crayford Stadium greyhound race track and "The Bear and Ragged Staff" public house well known as a venue for live pop/rock bands;

Crayford Stadium is popular, with a reasonable viewing area and races every Friday and Saturday night. The stadium includes 2 bars, a cafe and a restaurant with ample parking. Crayford Stadium is one of the three remaining greyhound racing stadia in London, besides Romford Stadium and Wimbledon Stadium, from an original 33.

"The Bear and Ragged Staff" is the liveliest public house in the town centre and it was briefly renamed "The Orange Kipper" in the mid-1990s, before the owners were convinced to reinstate the traditional name.

There are five other pubs in the Town Centre - The Charlotte in Station Road, the Duke of Wellington on London Road and the Crayford Arms, Duke's Head and The One Bell (owned by the father of Jimmy Bullard, a championship footballer), all on or adjoining Crayford High Street. There is also a pub on Thames Road called The Jolly Farmers.

The key shops are a large Sainsbury's supermarket situated next to stadium.

The Tower Retail Park opposite Crayford Town Hall comprises stores used by Bed Post, Boots, the Carphone Warehouse, Comet (now defunct), Currys, First Choice Holiday Hypermarket, Game, Hobbycraft, Next, Pets At Home and Sports Superstore, plus eateries run by Nandos and McDonald's. Opposite Tower Retail Park is the electronic and gadget store Maplin Electronics and interior furnishing store Topps Tiles.

The high street is partly one-way for motor traffic and has a few shops and services including a Londis/Sub-Post Office, Barclays Bank, NHS surgery, nail bar, golf store and Iceland.

Crayford Motors are nearby and are a successful Citroen dealership.

On its way from Erith to Old Bexley, the "London LOOP" walk follows the River Cray across the Crayford Marshes and through the town centre. This section of the LOOP is based on an earlier signed walk, the Cray Riverway, and many of the signposts along it still carry the older route's name.

Sport[edit]

VCD Athletic Football Club compete in the Southern Counties East League and were runners-up for the league title in 2006–07 ('VCD' stands for Vickers, Crayford and Dartford). They play at Oakwood stadium, on Old Road, Crayford, who they share with Kent Football United F.C..

Crayford Arrows Sports Club is a local football team, established in 1981.

Crayford Jujitsu Club are a local self-defence martial art club, providing Jujitsu instruction to both adults (over 15 years of age) and children (from 6-14 years old). It was formerly located in the sports hall adjacent to the Crayford Greyhound Stadium, but was re-established at the Europa Centre, on Vimy Way in 2012 after being closed for a number of years.

Speedway racing was staged at Crayford Greyhound Stadium. The team raced in the inaugural 1968 British League Division Two as the Highwaymen before closing down. In later years the sport was revived and the team were known as the Kestrels. The track subsequently closed and the team moved to Hackney Stadium in East London.

Education[edit]

Secondary schools in the area include Haberdashers' Aske's Crayford Academy.

Places of worship[edit]

Acts 2 Church Crayford, Haberdashers Askes Academy, Iron Mill Ln [9]

Crayford Mosque, Crayford High Street

Crayford Baptist Church, Bexley Lane

St Paulinus Church, Manor Road (Anglican)

St Mary of the Crays Catholic Church, Old Road

Transport and locale[edit]

Nearest places[edit]

Transport[edit]

Crayford station serves the area with services to London Charing Cross via Hither Green, London Cannon Street via both Lewisham and Woolwich Arsenal as part of a loop service, and to Gravesend. Crayford is served by three Transport for London bus services, 96 to Woolwich via Bexleyheath and to Bluewater via Dartford, 428 to Erith and to Bluewater, and 492 to Sidcup via Bexleyheath and to Bluewater.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Bexley Local Studies Note 22 'Crayford' accessed 28 November 2007
  2. ^ Domesday Map Retrieved 2013-08-23
  3. ^ Imperial Gazetteer quoted on 'Vision of Britain' website accessed 6 March 2008
  4. ^ a b 'Pigots 1840', on website freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/~shebra/pigots_1840 accessed 5 December 2007
  5. ^ Bexley Local Studies Note 12 'May Place' accessed 6 June 2008
  6. ^ a b c d Bexley Council 'Things to do in Crayford' accessed 30 November 2007
  7. ^ Jeffrey Veal landowner, property developer and landlord of the Fox and Hounds public houseFoxnhounds.co.uk and Ye Olde George inne Shoreham Pubs in Shoreham website Bexley Local Studies Note 76 'Two Local Inventors' accessed 6 June 2008
  8. ^ Description of the Crayford Focuser accessed 28 November 2007
  9. ^ "Acts 2 Church, Crayford". 

External links[edit]