Crazy for You (song)
|"Crazy for You"|
|Single by Madonna|
|from the album Vision Quest|
|Released||March 2, 1985|
|Format||12", 7", CD, cassette|
|Length||3:57 (45 version)|
|Producer||John "Jellybean" Benitez|
|Madonna singles chronology|
"Crazy for You" is a song by American recording artist Madonna for the 1985 film Vision Quest. It was released on March 2, 1985, by Geffen Records as the first single from the soundtrack album of the film, and later included on the ballads compilation Something to Remember (1995). The song also appears as a remix on the greatest hits albums The Immaculate Collection (1990) and Celebration (2009), and was re-released as a single in the form of this remix on February 24, 1991, by Sire Records to promote the former of these two albums. Producers Jon Peters and Peter Guber, along with music director Phil Ramone, decided to use Madonna after listening to her previous recordings. They employed John Bettis and Jon Lind to write the song. After reading the script of the film, Bettis and Lind wrote the song about the situation in which the lead characters meet at a nightclub. Initial recording sessions did not impress Bettis and Lind, and they felt that "Crazy for You" would be dropped from the soundtrack. However, a new version was recorded which did impress them and was added to the album.
John "Jellybean" Benitez was the producer for the song, and it was a challenge for him, as previously he was associated with recording dance-pop songs only. Initially Warner Bros. Records did not want the song to be released as a single, since they believed that "Crazy for You" would take away the attention from Madonna's second studio album Like a Virgin. In the end, Peters and Guber convinced Warner officials to greenlight the release of the single. "Crazy for You" ushered a new musical direction for Madonna, as previously she had not released a ballad as a single. It features instrumentation from snare drums, harp, bass synthesizer and electric guitar. Lyrically the song talks about sexual desire between two lovers and consists of innuendos. It received positive reception from music critics and earned a Grammy Award nomination for Best Female Pop Vocal Performance in 1986.
The song became Madonna's second number-one single on the U.S. Billboard Hot 100 as well as reaching the top position in the charts of Australia and Canada. It also peaked at number two in Ireland, New Zealand and the United Kingdom, where it was released twice, once in 1985 and again in 1991. Madonna has performed "Crazy for You" in two of her concert tours, The Virgin Tour in 1985 and the Re-Invention World Tour in 2004. The performance from The Virgin Tour was included in the home video releases on VHS and LaserDisc whereas the Re-Invention World Tour remains unreleased. The song has been covered by a number of artists.
"Crazy for You" was written by John Bettis and Jon Lind. The ballad was released as the first single from the soundtrack of the 1985 film Vision Quest, a coming of age drama about a wrestler played by Matthew Modine. Producers Jon Peters and Peter Guber, and music director Phil Ramone was aware of the then unknown Madonna, who was just signed to Sire Records. Ramone took her for dinner at his house in Carolwood Records, where she played some of her music videos. Ramone and the other Warner executives present there, were impressed by Madonna's self-possession and fishnet-crucifix style. So they decided to test her voice in a New York studio. Peters was impressed with Madonna and assigned Joel Sill, an executive in charge of music at Warner Bros. Pictures, to handle the recording of the two songs for the film. Sill sent the script of the film to Bettis and Lind. After going through the script, Bettis wanted to write a song about the situation, where the main characters – a young boy and a girl boarding at a house – dance together at a nightclub. He elaborated,
"We were noodling around and 'Crazy for You' was something that Jon was singing over that section of the song. It was really descriptive of the scene in the film. [...] After that, I was out on vacation out in the desert and [Sill] called and said Phil Ramone was in love with the song and wanted to cut it on Madonna. [Laughing] 'Borderline' was out at that time and I said, 'Excuse me? This is for Madonna? Really? Can she sing a song like this?' Jon and I were surprised at the choice of artist at the time, if you want to know the truth."
In the United Kingdom the single was released twice, both times reaching number two on the UK Top 40. The second release in 1991 was a remix from The Immaculate Collection and included different artwork from the original release. The cover photograph was by Stephane Sednaoui and was from the video shoot to the 1990 single "Justify My Love".
After Sill let Bettis and Lind know that Madonna was singing the song, some time elapsed before either of them heard anything from Warner Bros. Records. In between, they went to one of the recording sessions and were not impressed with the process of recording the song. Bettis commented, "We went to one of the sessions, and to be honest, that particular session did not go all that well. [...] Jon and I were depressed about the way the song had come out. We heard nothing else about it and we were a little nervous that the song was going to be dropped from the picture." Bettis went to England to work on the 1985 fantasy film Legend with music producer Jerry Goldsmith. It was there he received a call from Lind, who informed Bettis that a new version of "Crazy for You" was recorded and was made ready for a single release. Bettis was surprised and went over to Lind's house, where he warmly received the new recorded version of the song. It had a different arrangement from the demo version, and the arrangement was done by composer Rob Mounsey who rearranged the original track and added the background vocals. Bettis said: "We owe a big debt of gratitude to [Mounsey]. He really made a hit record out of [the song]." Mounsey was introduced in the project by record producer John "Jellybean" Benitez who was producing "Crazy for You". Benitez was previously associated with producing dance-pop themed songs and it was the first time that he produced a ballad. In Fred Bronson's The Billboard Book of Number 1 Hits, Benitez commented,
"The song was recorded live. It was the first time that I produced a live session, as opposed to having synthesizers and drum machines do everything. [...] I was tense because I had never done a record like this. [...] Everything I did was totally on instinct. I tried to make the song stand on its own, but at the same time work in the two scenes in which it was used in the movie."
Benitez also noted that "Crazy for You" was an important recording for Madonna, as the song being a ballad, was openly accepted at adult contemporary radios. She had already charted with her singles "Like a Virgin" and "Material Girl", hence Madonna wanted to prove that she can sing in a different genre of music. However, Warner initially did not want the song to be released as a single, since the release of Vision Quest coincided with the release of Madonna's second studio album Like a Virgin and releasing "Crazy for You" would have distracted attention from the album. Warner Bros. Records chief Mo Ostin went to Robert A. Daly, chairman of Warner, and requested him to pull out the Madonna tracks from the Vision Quest soundtrack. Daly summoned Peters and Guber to his office and informed them that they had to let-go of the Madonna tracks. Peters protested and shouted at Daly, resulting him escaping in fright and Warner allowing "Crazy for You" to be released as a single.
A 24-second sample of Madonna's "Crazy for You", where she sings the full-throated chorus, supported by backing vocals.
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"Crazy for You" was a new musical direction for Madonna, as she had not recorded ballad songs before. According to author Rikky Rooksby, the song is sophisticated compared to her previous singles. The introduction features a melody by a woodwind instrument and an electric guitar chord, sliding from one motif to the other. It has a snare drum on the last beat of the bar, leading to the spacey quality to most of the verses. Other instrumentation comes from a harp, a bass synthesizer and a chattering single note guitar lick. The fuller rhythm of the song does not start, until the chorus is reached. The turn of the melody allows Madonna's voice to stretch further on the higher notes.
According to the sheet music published at Musicnotes.com by Alfred Publishing, "Crazy for You" is set in the time signature of common time, with a medium tempo of 104 beats per minute. It is set in the key of E major with Madonna's voice spanning between the high note of C♯5 to the low note of G♯3. The song has a basic sequence of E–A–B–A as its chord progression. Unlike her previous singles, the chord sequence does not repeat itself and the chorus slowly unravels to the climax of the song. Lyrically, the song talks about extreme love for one another. It contains innuendos similar to The Crystals' 1963 song "Then He Kissed Me". According to scholar Dave Marsh, the lyrics talk about a state of frank sexual desire among two teenagers. He also said that the line "I'm crazy for you; Touch me once and you'll know it's true" was not ambiguous and it helped Madonna to capitalize on such disambiguation.
Rikky Rooksby, author of The Complete Guide to the Music of Madonna, called the song sophisticated. Alex Henderson of Allmusic believed that the other song on the Vision Quest soundtrack, titled "Gambler", should have been the more successful single. Stephen Thomas Erlewine from Allmusic called the song one of her biggest hits. Biographer J. Randy Taraborrelli characterized the song as "sassy" and commented that the song provided proof that Madonna was vocally capable of delivering a serious ballad. Author Andrew Morton believed that the song cemented Madonna as a talented and serious singer which "had been missing from her past recordings." Allen Metz and Carol Benson, authors of The Madonna Companion: Two Decades of Commentary, said that the song sounded like a "remake of sweet-sixteen Connie Francis tune, dripping with old-fashioned, hand-held romance" especially in the line "It's so brand new; I'm really crazy for you." Dave Marsh, author of The heart of rock & soul: the 1001 greatest singles ever made, felt that with the coda of the song, Madonna transformed her record into an adult love song. William McKeen, author of Rock and roll is here to stay: an anthology, said that the song "offered an aggressive sexuality for women". Maria Raha, author of Cinderella's big score: women of the punk and indie underground, said that with the song, "Madonna brought a trunk full of trite lyrics on the long-standing tradition of pop music, love." "Crazy for You" was nominated for Best Female Pop Vocal Performance at 1986 Grammy Awards, but lost to Whitney Houston's "Saving All My Love for You". The song was ranked number 38 on VH1's "100 Greatest Love Songs", and during the special it was revealed that "Crazy for You" was recorded in one take. In 2003, Madonna fans were asked to vote for their Top 20 Madonna singles of all time by Q. "Crazy for You" was allocated the eleventh spot.
In the United States, "Crazy for You" became Madonna's second number-one single on the Bilboard Hot 100. The song debuted on the chart at number 54 on the issue dated March 30, 1985. After six weeks, the song reached the top of the chart, replacing "We Are the World" by USA for Africa, and stayed at the position for one week. "Crazy for You" was the second number-one song for Bettis as a songwriter, after "Top of the World by The Carpenters (1973). With "Crazy for You", Bettis was in doubt whether the song would reach the top, after it was stuck at number two for three weeks, behind "We Are the World". Both he and Lind commented, "If you gotta lose to something, it as well be 'We Are the World'. Luckily enough, the final week of the upsurge of the record, we topped 'We Are the World', which lets you know how hot the song and how hot the artist [Madonna] was." "Crazy for You" was certified gold by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) on July 16, 1985, for shipment of one million copies of the single across United States—the requirement for a gold single prior to 1989. The song reached number two on the Adult Contemporary Singles and 80 on the Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs chart. It placed at nine on the year-end chart for 1985, with Madonna becoming the top pop artist for the year. In Canada, the song debuted at number 70 on the RPM issue dated March 16, 1985. On its 11th week on the chart, the song reached the top position. It was present on the chart for 25 weeks and ranked seventh on the RPM Year-end chart for 1985. A music video was released, featuring Madonna singing the song in a night-club. The video was included in Celebration: The Video Collection, released in 2009.
"Crazy for You" reached number one in Australia and displaced another Madonna release, "Angel"/"Into the Groove", from the top spot on the Kent Music Report chart, making Madonna the first act in Australian chart history to replace herself at the number-one spot. After the song was released in the United Kingdom on June 8, 1985, it debuted at 25 and peaked at two. In February 1991, the song was re-released and again reached a peak of two. "Crazy for You" was certified gold by the British Phonographic Industry (BPI) for shipment of 400,000 copies across United Kingdom. Such was Madonna's popularity that when Vision Quest was released in home video in the UK, it was renamed as Crazy for You, to cash in on her success. According to The Official Charts Company, the song has sold 670,000 copies there. "Crazy for You" was also a number-two hit in Ireland and New Zealand. The song reached the top 20 in Belgium, Europe, Italy, Japan, Netherlands, Spain, Sweden and Switzerland and top 40 of Austria, France and Germany.
Madonna first performed "Crazy for You" on The Virgin Tour in 1985. She wore a black top and long black skirt with her hair in knots and a crucifix attached. After an energetic performance of "Over and Over", Madonna sat on some steps and sang "Crazy for You". Paul Grein, music editor of Billboard, commented that "She was at her best on 'Crazy for You', making good use of a deeper, huskier vocal quality that mirrors the song's deeper lyrical approach. The performance was included in the VHS release Live – The Virgin Tour recorded in Detroit, Michigan.
In the Re-Invention World Tour of 2004, Madonna performed the song in the last segment of the show, the Scottish segment. During that segment, she wore a Scottish kilt and a t-shirt which had different captions in different venues; usually it had the caption "Kabbalists Do It Better", however she also had "Brits Do It Better" and "Irish Do It Better" on the British and Irish stops of the tour, respectively. Generally after finishing the performance of "Papa Don't Preach", Madonna would dedicate the next song to the fans of twenty years, and start singing "Crazy for You" on top of a rising platform. At the end of the performance, she would usually throw her t-shirt to the audience. The performance was excluded from the album of the documentary on the tour titled I'm Going to Tell You a Secret, which was released in 2006.
Several Filipino acts have recorded remakes of "Crazy for You" including Sponge Cola in 2004, Michael Cruz in 2005 and MYMP on their album New Horizon (2006). In 2007, Groove Armada recorded a cover with Alan Donohoe of art rock band The Rakes on vocals for the compilation Radio 1 Established 1967. New Found Glory recorded a pop punk cover of the song with Max Bemis for their 2007 album From the Screen to Your Stereo Part II. A cover of the song by Lion of Panjshir was included on the 2007 Madonna tribute compilation Through the Wilderness. Melissa Totten did a Hi-NRG cover for her 2008 dance album, Forever Madonna. An instrumental version was played in the Full House episode 13 Candles when Kimmy dares D.J. to kiss Kevin at her party. The original Madonna recording was also featured in the 2004 film 13 Going on 30, starring Jennifer Garner. At the end of the film, the song is played again, but to signify Jenna Rink's life staying on the "good path" 17 years later, a bigger, modern rock/string orchestration by the film's composer Theodore Shapiro is added. Chris Griffin performed the song during the "Long John Peter" episode of Family Guy. Kelly Clarkson covered the song on her 2012 Stronger Tour for fan request in Bossier City, Louisiana.
Track listing and formats
Credits and personnel
- Madonna – lead vocals, background vocals
- John Bettis – writer
- Jon Lind – writer
- John "Jellybean" Benitez – record producer
- Rob Mounsey – music arrangement
- Greg Fulginiti – mastering
Credits adapted from the soundtrack's liner notes.
"We Are the World" by USA for Africa
|US Billboard Hot 100 number-one single
May 11, 1985
"Don't You (Forget About Me)" by Simple Minds
|Canadian RPM Top Singles number-one single
May 25, 1985
"Angel"/"Into the Groove" by Madonna
|Australian Kent Music Report number-one single
July 22, 1985 – August 12, 1985
"We Don't Need Another Hero" by Tina Turner
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