The Creative Assembly

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The Creative Assembly Ltd.
Type Subsidiary of Sega
Industry Video game industry
Interactive entertainment
Founded 18 August 1987[1]
Headquarters Horsham, West Sussex, England
Key people Tim Ansell (founder)
Michael Simpson
Al Bickham
Products Total War series
Owners Independent (1987-2005)
Sega (2005-present)
Employees ~300[2]
Parent Sega
Website www.creative-assembly.co.uk

The Creative Assembly is a British video game developer established in 1987 by Tim Ansell and based in the West Sussex town of Horsham. An Australian branch was operated from Fortitude Valley, Queensland (Sega Studios Australia). In its early years, the company worked on porting games to DOS from Amiga and ZX Spectrum platforms, later working with Electronic Arts to produce a variety of games under the EA Sports brand. In 1999, the company had sufficient resources to attempt a new and original project, proceeding to develop the strategy computer game Shogun: Total War. Shogun: Total War was highly successful for the Creative Assembly and is regarded as a benchmark strategy game. Subsequent titles in the Total War series built on the triumph of Shogun: Total War, increasing the company's critical and commercial success.

In March 2005, the Creative Assembly was acquired by Japanese giant Sega as a European subsidiary. Under Sega, further Total War titles were developed, and the Creative Assembly entered the console market with action-adventure games such as Spartan: Total Warrior, Viking: Battle for Asgard and Alien Isolation.

History[edit]

Founding[edit]

The Creative Assembly was founded on 18 August 1987 as a limited company. The founder, Tim Ansell, had begun professional computer programming in 1985, working on video game titles for the Amstrad CPC, Commodore 64 and Atari 800. Initially, Ansell kept the company small so he could personally work on computer programming.[3] The company's early work, often produced personally by Ansell, involved porting games from the Amiga platform to DOS, such as the 1989 titles Geoff Crammond's Stunt Car Racer and Shadow of the Beast by Psygnosis.[4] The Creative Assembly began work with Electronic Arts in 1993, producing titles under the EA Sports label, starting with the DOS version of the early FIFA games.[4] With EA Sports, The Creative Assembly was able to produce low development risk products bearing official league endorsements. The company's products included official Rugby World Cup titles for 1995 and 2001, the official game for the 1999 Cricket World Cup and the Australian Football League games for 1998 and 1999, of which the AFL 98 title was particularly successful in the Australian market.[4] When it became clear that the company needed to expand further, Ansell employed Michael Simpson in 1996 as studio director. Simpson, a microchip designer turned video game designer, later became the driving force for the creative design of the Total War series.[5]

Early Total War titles[edit]

As a result of their success in sports titles, by 1999 the Creative Assembly had sufficient resources and backing from Electronic Arts to develop more high risk titles in other genres. The result of this was Shogun: Total War, the company's breakthrough title. A blend of real-time tactics and turn-based gameplay, Shogun: Total War was first announced in early 1999. The game focused the Sengoku period of Japanese feudal history, and upon its release in June 2000 it was met with critical acclaim. The game won multiple industry awards and became regarded as one of the benchmark strategy video games.[6][7] Inhouse composer Jeff van Dyck won both a BAFTA and an EMMA award for his work on the game's soundtrack.[6] In May 2001, the Creative Assembly announced The Mongol Invasion, an expansion pack focusing on the earlier Mongol invasions of Japan. Released in August 2001, the expansion pack also received a positive response.

Soon after, the Creative Assembly broke away from Electronic Arts, instead using Activision as a publisher and distributor.[4] In August 2001, the Creative Assembly announced a second Total War video game, this time set in the Middle Ages. Medieval: Total War was of a larger scope than Shogun: Total War, spanning a larger time period and the entire of Medieval Europe. Released in August 2002, the game was a greater success than Shogun: Total War, becoming the best-selling video game in the UK for the first two weeks, and the fourth best-selling game in the US market in its first week.[8] As with Shogun: Total War, Medieval: Total War won multiple industry awards, and was named the top game of 2002 by PC Gamer, unseating Valve Software's Half-Life.[9] The Creative Assembly itself was also awarded the European Computer Trade Show PC Game Developer of the Year award.[10] Viking Invasion, an expansion pack focusing on the Viking invasions of Britain in the Dark Ages, was released in May 2003.

A third Total War title was announced in January 2003. Entitled Rome: Total War, the game featured an entirely new game engine to Shogun: Total War and Medieval: Total War, and redesigned the approach to the series. Set during the rise of the Roman Empire, the game's code was used for two television shows: the BBC's Time Commanders[11] and the History Channel's Decisive Battles.[12] Upon release in September 2004, the game was given near universal praise, becoming one of the year's top ten best-selling titles.[13] Jeff van Dyck was again nominated for a BAFTA award for the game's soundtrack.[14]

Buyout and later games[edit]

Despite speculation that Activision might buy the Creative Assembly, as the publisher had done with previous successful developers under its wing,[15] the Japanese company Sega announced on 9 March 2005 that they had sealed an acquisition deal with the Creative Assembly,[15] purchasing all issued shares in the company.[16] Sega explained that the acquisition was to strengthen Sega Europe's presence in the European and North American video game markets.[17] All preceding titles in the Total War series had been exclusively computer games. By July 2005, Sega had acquired the publishing rights to Rome: Total War from Activision,[18] and built on the brand strategy by releasing two expansion packs: Barbarian Invasion in September 2005 and Alexander in September 2006. Spartan: Total Warrior was released in October 2005 on Xbox, PlayStation 2 and GameCube, receiving a mixed reception from critics.[19][20][21]

Medieval II: Total War, the fourth title in the franchise, was announced in January 2006.[22] It was a remake of the earlier Medieval: Total War using the new assets and technology behind Rome: Total War. The game was released in November 2006, and although not as successful as Rome: Total War,[23] Medieval II: Total War was still a critical and commercial hit, holding a place in the UK games charts in November 2006,[24] and in the US charts until the end of January 2007.[25] An expansion pack, Kingdoms, was announced in March 2007. The expansion received a positive reception from critics upon release in August 2007.[26]

At the Games Convention in Leipzig, Germany in August 2007, the Creative Assembly simultaneously announced new titles. The first, Viking: Battle for Asgard, was another console-exclusive title, similar in style to Spartan: Total Warrior, but focusing on Norse mythology.[27] The game was released in March 2008 but only received an average reception from critics in the industry.[28][29] The second title was a fifth Total War installment, Empire: Total War, set in the early modern period of the 18th century and early 19th century.[30] As was the case with Rome: Total War, Empire: Total War features a redesigned approach to the series and a new game engine. It was released in March 2009, receiving high praise from many within the industry,[31] selling double the amount of units sold of Medieval II: Total War and Rome: Total War. However, numerous significant issues were pointed out by fans and critics after the release. Though there were numerous patches, not all of these were addressed by the abandonment of support for the game, which caused many to question Sega's influence on The Creative Assembly.[32] In July 2008, the Creative Assembly announced another title, Stormrise. Unlike previous historically-based games, Stormrise is a science fiction real-time strategy game developed for both consoles and PC, released in 2009.[33] Stormrise received negative and mediocre responses, with criticisms focusing on broken pathfinding and the game's flawed control scheme (designed with the intent to create an easy interface for consoles).[34][35]

The Australian branch of the Creative Assembly ported the first three Sonic the Hedgehog games and the Sonic & Knuckles lock-on games to Sonic Classic Collection. This compilation received overall positive reviews from Aussie-Nintendo and Official Nintendo Magazine, but criticised some speed issues when playing, rarely speeding up or slowing down and some graphical and sound glitches. Reviewers also criticised the removal of multiplayer in the games, previously available in earlier versions of the games.

In 2010, the Company released Napoleon: Total War, based on the exploits of Napoleon Bonaparte to generally favourable reviews that praised the tightly scripted elements of a smaller, more focussed campaign than its globe-spanning predecessor, Empire Total War.[36]

The company released Total War: Shogun 2 in 2011, to universal acclaim.[37] The title is the first to make the brand Total War the main title, in an effort to increase brand awareness.[38]

On 6 December, public announcement of a partnership between Games Workshop and Creative Assembly was announced on Creative Assembly's website. Also announced was the creation of a new Warhammer Fantasy Battle game.[39]

On 5 April 2013 it was announced that Sega Studios Australia (formerly known as The Creative Assembly Australia) will be shut down later in the year.[40][41]

On 3 September 2013, the Creative Assembly released Total War: Rome II. The game uses an updated Warscape engine and suffered from technical issues shortly after release which eventually led to Creative Assembly's Creative Director, Mike Simpson, apologising publicly to fans for the widespread technical issues.[42] In the ten months following release, Creative Assembly released fourteen patches for the game, solving most technical issues and balancing gameplay.[43] As of July 2014, the game currently stands at a rating of 76/100 on Metacritic by Critics and 4/10 from the users, which is down from the 90 score from Shogun 2 and 8.2 from the Users.[44]

Creative Assembly's most recent game is Alien: Isolation, a first person stealth horror game based on the first Alien movie and featuring the voice talents of the original cast in a special DLC mission.[45] The game was released on 7 October 2014 for PC, PS3, PS4, Xbox 360 and Xbox One.[46]

Games[edit]

Title Year Platform
Stunt Car Racer 1989 DOS
Shadow of the Beast 1991 FM Towns[47][48][49]
FIFA International Soccer 1993 DOS
Microcosm 1994 DOS
Rugby World Cup 95 1994 DOS
ARL 96 1996 DOS, Windows
International Rugby League 1996 DOS, Windows
AFL 98 1998 Windows
ICC Cricket World Cup England 99 1999 Windows
Cricket 2000 2000 Windows
Shogun: Total War 2000 Windows
Rugby 2001 PlayStation 2
Shogun: Total War – The Mongol Invasion 2001 Windows
Medieval: Total War 2002 Windows
Medieval: Total War – Viking Invasion 2003 Windows
Rome: Total War 2004 Windows
Rome: Total War: Barbarian Invasion 2005 Windows
Spartan: Total Warrior 2005 GameCube, PlayStation 2, Xbox
Rome: Total War: Alexander 2006 Windows
Medieval II: Total War 2006 Windows
Medieval II: Total War: Kingdoms 2007 Windows
Viking: Battle for Asgard 2008 PlayStation 3, Windows, Xbox 360
Empire: Total War 2009 Windows
Stormrise 2009 PlayStation 3, Windows, Xbox 360
Napoleon: Total War 2010 Windows
Sonic Classic Collection 2010 Nintendo DS
Total War: Shogun 2 2011 Windows
Total War: Shogun 2 – Fall of the Samurai 2012 Windows
Total War: Rome II 2013 Windows
Alien: Isolation 2014 PlayStation 3, PlayStation 4, Windows, Xbox 360, Xbox One
Total War: Attila In development Windows
Total War: Arena In development Windows

References[edit]

  1. ^ "CA Profile". The Creative Assembly. Archived from the original on 2 August 2008. Retrieved 2 November 2008. 
  2. ^ "Creative Assembly Bio Page". The Creative Assembly. Retrieved 24 March 2012. 
  3. ^ "Tim Ansell". Giant Bomb. Retrieved 5 November 2008. 
  4. ^ a b c d "History". The Creative Assembly. Archived from the original on 18 June 2008. Retrieved 3 November 2008. 
  5. ^ "Michael M. Simpson". Giant Bomb. Retrieved 5 November 2008. 
  6. ^ a b "Awards". The Creative Assembly. Retrieved 3 November 2008. 
  7. ^ "Shogun: Total War (PC: 2000)". Metacritic. Retrieved 4 November 2008. 
  8. ^ "Medieval: Total War Tops PC Sales Through Charts". IGN. 13 September 2002. Retrieved 3 November 2008. 
  9. ^ "Top 100", PC Gamer UK: 2002
  10. ^ "ECTS: Awards Winners Announced". Gamer's Hell. 30 August 2002. Retrieved 3 November 2008. 
  11. ^ Price, Peter (16 October 2007). "Machinima waits to go mainstream". BBC. Retrieved 3 November 2008. 
  12. ^ Butts, Steve (21 July 2004). "History Channel's Decisive Battles". IGN. Retrieved 3 November 2008. 
  13. ^ "NPD full-year PC tally nets hat trick for Activision". GameSpot. 24 January 2005. Retrieved 3 November 2008. 
  14. ^ "Jeff van Dyck". Retrieved 3 November 2008. 
  15. ^ a b Thorsen, Tor (9 March 2005). "Sega conquers The Creative Assembly". GameSpot. Retrieved 4 November 2008. 
  16. ^ Dunham, Jeremy (8 March 2005). "GDC 2005: SEGA Gets Creative". IGN. Retrieved 4 November 2008. 
  17. ^ Adams, David (9 March 2005). "SEGA Buys The Creative Assembly". IGN. Retrieved 4 November 2008. 
  18. ^ "Sega Secures Publishing Rights to Rome: Total War Expansion". GameSpot. 1 July 2005. Retrieved 4 November 2008. 
  19. ^ "Spartan: Total Warrior (Xbox: 2005)". Metacritic. Retrieved 4 November 2008. 
  20. ^ "Spartan: Total Warrior (PS2: 2005)". Metacritic. Retrieved 4 November 2008. 
  21. ^ "Spartan: Total Warrior (Cube: 2005)". Metacritic. Retrieved 4 November 2008. 
  22. ^ Steel, Wade (20 January 2006). "Total War Goes Medieval Again". IGN. Retrieved 4 November 2008. 
  23. ^ II "Medieval II: Total War (PC: 2006)". Metacritic. Retrieved 4 November 2008. 
  24. ^ Boyes, Emma (15 November 2006). "UK game charts: November 5–11". GameSpot. Retrieved 4 November 2008. 
  25. ^ Sinclair, Brendan (8 February 2007). "PC game charts: January 21–27". GameSpot. Retrieved 4 November 2008. 
  26. ^ "Medieval II: Total War Kingdoms (PC: 2007)". Metacritic. Retrieved 4 November 2008. 
  27. ^ Thorsen, Tor (21 August 2007). "Viking officially pillaging PS3, 360". GameSpot. Retrieved 4 November 2008. 
  28. ^ "Viking: Battle for Asgard (PS3: 2008)". Metacritic. Retrieved 4 November 2008. 
  29. ^ "Viking: Battle for Asgard (Xbox 360: 2008)". Metacritic. Retrieved 4 November 2008. 
  30. ^ Magrino, Tom (21 August 2007). "Sega waging new Total War". GameSpot. Retrieved 4 November 2008. 
  31. ^ "Empire: Total War (PC:2009)". Metacritic. Retrieved 8 April 2009. 
  32. ^ Burnes, Andrew (10 March 2009). "Empire: Total War Breaks U.K. Sales Records". Gamasutra. Retrieved 19 March 2009. 
  33. ^ Magrino, Tom (10 July 2008). "Creative Assembly building console RTS". GameSpot. Retrieved 4 November 2008. 
  34. ^ "Stormrise (PS3: 2009)". Metacritic. Retrieved 19 April 2009. 
  35. ^ "Stormrise (Xbox 360: 2009)". Metacritic. Retrieved 19 April 2009. 
  36. ^ http://uk.ign.com/articles/2010/02/18/napoleon-total-war-review
  37. ^ "Total War: Shogun 2 for PC Reviews, Ratings, Credits, and More at Metacritic". Metacritic.com. Retrieved 2 April 2012. 
  38. ^ "Hands on: Shogun 2’s siege battles". PC Gamer. 3 December 2010. Retrieved 28 July 2012. 
  39. ^ "SEGA and Creative Assembly Announce Partnership with Games Workshop to Create Warhammer Games". creative-assembly.com. Retrieved 6 December 2012. 
  40. ^ Phillips, Tom (5 April 2013). "Sega to shut down Medieval 2: Total War developer Sega Studios Australia". Eurogamer. Gamer Network. Retrieved 5 April 2013. 
  41. ^ "The Creative Assembly Australia – Overview". Allgame. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved 5 April 2013. 
  42. ^ http://www.pcgamer.com/uk/2013/09/09/total-war-rome-2-creative-director-launch-issues-are-totally-unacceptable/
  43. ^ http://wiki.totalwar.com/w/Total_War_ROME_II:_Patch_14
  44. ^ http://www.metacritic.com/game/pc/total-war-rome-ii
  45. ^ http://www.forbes.com/sites/erikkain/2014/07/09/alien-isolation-reunites-original-cast-of-alien-but-only-as-pre-order-dlc/
  46. ^ http://www.videogamer.com/ps4/alien_isolation/news/alien_isolation_release_date_set_for_october_7.html
  47. ^ "The Creative Assembly, Ltd." (in German). OGDB. Retrieved 27 January 2013. 
  48. ^ Dean, Paul (27 September 2012). "Creation Legend: The history of The Creative Assembly". Eurogamer. Retrieved 27 January 2013. 
  49. ^ "Creative Assembly Interview: Huge Retrospective". funambulism.com. 14 November 2011. Retrieved 27 January 2013. 

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