Adobe Creative Cloud
Adobe Creative Cloud icon
|Stable release||CC 2014 / June 18, 2014|
|Operating system||Windows, OS X|
|License||Software as a service|
Adobe Creative Cloud is a subscription service from Adobe Systems that gives users access to a collection of software for graphic design, video editing, web development, photography, and Cloud services. Creative Cloud is hosted on Amazon Web Services.
Adobe Creative Cloud (CC) works on a software as a service model, a monthly or annual subscription service delivered over the Internet, whereas Adobe Creative Suite (CS) was purchased via a perpetual software license. The CC is downloaded from the Internet, installed directly on a local PC and used as long as the subscription remains valid. Online updates and multiple languages are included in the CC subscription.
Adobe first announced the Creative Cloud in October 2011. Initially, they maintained the perpetual license model and released another version of Adobe Creative Suite (CS) the following year.
On May 6, 2013, Adobe announced that they would not release new versions of the Creative Suite and that future versions of its software would only be available through the Creative Cloud. The first new versions made only for the Creative Cloud were released on June 17, 2013.
On October 4, 2013, Adobe announced that attackers copied from their systems encrypted data of 2.9 million customers, including passwords, names and credit card numbers. Attackers also stole source code for Adobe Acrobat, ColdFusion, and ColdFusion Builder, consequently paving the way for further attacks. On October 20, 2013 the number of compromised user-names/passwords was increased to 38 million, but could go as high as 150 million.
The change from perpetual licenses to a subscription model was met with significant criticism. Digital Photography Review wrote that the new license scheme increased fear, uncertainty, doubt, expense and risk. The website suggested that serious photographers reestablish a trusted and "Good Photography Workflow" without monthly payments for the next 10 years.
Adobe's cloud-based model caused "outcry and confusion", "incited anger" and resistance. David Hobby, the author of Strobist.com, tweeted: "I like Photoshop; I still use CS3. But I am *not* renting PS for $600/yr. Period. Big winner: Capture One, which now needs a LR clone."
The Adobe Creative Cloud retains many of the features of Adobe Creative Suite and introduces new features; foremost is the instant availability of upgrades, saving to the cloud, and easier sharing. An Internet connection is required for using these features. The obvious feature change is the Live View Mode, which uses the WebKit rendering engine so that without execution of a browser such as Safari or Chrome one can immediately preview the effect by clicking the Live View Button.
Brief descriptions of the applications available in Adobe Creative Cloud individually or as a complete package:
- Adobe Acrobat is a software family dedicated to Adobe's Portable Document Format (PDF). Adobe Acrobat Standard, Adobe Acrobat Professional, and Adobe Acrobat Professional Extended all allow for the creation of PDF files. Adobe Reader is an application that allows the reading of PDF files.
- Adobe After Effects is a digital motion graphics and compositing software published by Adobe Systems. It is often used in film and video post-production.
- Adobe Audition is a digital audio editor that provides the modern interface and workflow of Adobe Soundbooth with the capabilities of Audition.
- Adobe Bridge is an organizational program. Its primary purpose is to link the parts of the Creative Suite together using a format similar to the file browser found in previous versions of Adobe Photoshop.
- Adobe Dreamweaver is a combination code / GUI web development application.
- Adobe Edge is a suite of web development tools:
- Adobe Edge Reflow, a responsive web design tool.
- Adobe Edge Code, a code-based HTML editor.
- Adobe Edge Inspect, an application which allows developers to preview web designs on mobile platforms.
- Adobe Flash is a software family dedicated to various Adobe multimedia technologies:
- Adobe Flash Professional, a multimedia authoring program used to create web applications, games, movies, and content for mobile phones and other embedded devices. It features support for vector and raster graphics, a scripting language called ActionScript and bi-directional streaming of audio and video.
- Adobe Flash Builder, formerly Adobe Flex Builder, is an integrated development environment (IDE) built on the Eclipse platform meant for developing rich Internet applications (RIAs) and cross-platform desktop applications for the Adobe Flash platform.
- Adobe Flash Player, a free software application which allows the playing of standalone Adobe Flash (SWF) multimedia files.
- Adobe Scout, a profiling tool for Flash SWF files.
- Adobe Illustrator is a vector graphics editor.
- Adobe InDesign is a desktop publishing application.
- Adobe Muse is a web development program that emphasizes webpage building for designers without a focus of writing code.
- Adobe Photoshop is a raster-graphics editor (with significant vector graphics functionality).
- Adobe Premiere Pro is a real-time, timeline-based video editing software application. Its related applications are:
The following services are also available:
- Behance is an online social-media based portfolio service for creative professionals.
- Adobe Story Plus is a screenwriting and film/TV pre-production online application which integrates with the Premiere Pro family.
- Fonts from the Typekit family are available for licensing to members.
- Web hosting and cloud-based file hosting storage space and service.
- Stephen Shankland (May 11, 2012). "Adobe launches Creative Cloud subscription service". CNET. Retrieved February 24, 2014.
- Ekin, A. Cemal (May 8, 2013). "Creative Cloud or Captive Consumer?". Keptlight. Retrieved May 8, 2013.
- Weber, Harrison (May 26, 2013). "Adobe Abandons Its Creative Suite to Focus on Creative Cloud". The next Web. Retrieved July 8, 2014.
- Cunningham, Andrew (May 7, 2013). "Adobe’s Creative Suite is dead, long live the Creative Cloud". Ars Technica.
- "Adobe heralds subscription-only future for Photoshop and Creative Suite". Digital Photography Review. May 6, 2013.
- Campbell-Dollaghan, Kelsey (May 6, 2013). "Say Goodbye to Creative Suite: Adobe CS Is Now Creative Cloud". Gizmondo.
- "Cyber Attack on Adobe Compromised 2.9 Million Customers". SLR Lounge. October 3, 2013.
- "Some 2.9 million accounts compromised in Adobe Creative Cloud hack". GSMArena (blog). October 4, 2013.
- "Adobe says customer info, source code hacked". NBC News. October 4, 2013.
- "Adobe Breach Impacted At Least 38 Million Users". Krebsonsecurity. October 29, 2013. Retrieved July 8, 2014.
- Adam Banks (May 15, 2014). "Creative Cloud outage leaves Adobe users unable to work". MacUser. Retrieved July 8, 2014.
- "Creative Cloud login offline for almost 24 hours (and counting)". Dpreview. May 15, 2014. Retrieved July 8, 2014.
- "Adobe's Creative Cloud Move Causes Outcry And Confusion". Forbes. May 9, 2013. Retrieved July 8, 2014.
- "Adobe's Move to the Cloud Incites Anger and Other Top Comments". Mashable.
- Ashleigh Allsopp (May 13, 2013). "Adobe Creative Cloud: Reactions, responses and reassurance". Macworld UK. Retrieved July 8, 2014.
- Hubert Chen (May 13, 2013). "RFC: Beating Photoshop's Rent Forever Cloud Trap". Dpreview. Retrieved July 8, 2014.
- "Adobe shares soar to new record on cloud hopes". Financial Times. December 13, 2013. Retrieved January 20, 2014.
- Stephen Shankland (September 17, 2013). "Adobe exceeds 1M Creative Cloud subscriptions; stock rises". CNET. Retrieved January 18, 2014.
- "David Hobby (@strobist) on the Creative Cloud". Twitter.com. Retrieved May 23, 2014.
- Official website
- Creative Cloud Chronicles, Graphics.com
- The Real Lesson in the Adobe Announcement, Lenswork Daily: Podcast