Crecchio

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Crecchio
Comune
Comune di Crecchio
The castle
The castle
Crecchio is located in Italy
Crecchio
Crecchio
Location of Crecchio in Italy
Coordinates: 42°18′N 14°20′E / 42.300°N 14.333°E / 42.300; 14.333Coordinates: 42°18′N 14°20′E / 42.300°N 14.333°E / 42.300; 14.333
Country Italy
Region Abruzzo
Province Chieti (CH)
Frazioni Cardetola, Casino Vezzani, Consalvi, Contrada Marcone, Mucchiarelli, San Polo, San Polo Stazione, Vassarella, via Piana, Villa Baccile, Villa Consalvi, Villa Formicone, Villa Mascitti, Villa Selciaroli, Villa Tucci, Villavalentini
Area
 • Total 19.36 km2 (7.47 sq mi)
Elevation 208 m (682 ft)
Population
 • Total 3,153
 • Density 160/km2 (420/sq mi)
Demonym Crecchiesi
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 66014
Dialing code 0871
Saint day 28 August
Website Official website

Crecchio is a village (also comune) of 3021 inhabitants in the province of Chieti, part of the Abruzzo region in central Italy. The village preserves its medieval aspect and is dominated by its castle.

Its main activities are agriculture and tourism, yet small family-run businesses exist.

Geography[edit]

Territory[edit]

Crecchio is located between the Adriatic coast and the pedemountain areas of the Maiella Mountain Massif. The Arielli and Rifago streams flow in the north west of the territory. These have cut deep valleys and have given rise to a hill with steep flanks, the top of which is occupied by Crecchio itself. In the south eastern areas, the landscape gently slopes towards the Moro stream. Even though the area as a whole is dominated by hills and valleys, there are several flat areas within the boundaries of the commune. These include the areas Pietra Lata, Casone e Macchie near the provincial road "Marrucina" (ex SS 538), at Fonte Roberto and Ciaò (between Villa Mascitti and Casino Vezzani), in the areas surrounding Villa Tucci (Padule, Pozzo e Capo Lemare) and at S. Maria Cardetola [2]. The elevation slowly decreases from south west to north east. The minimum elevation of 86 m above sea level is at Piano di Morrecine in the valley of the Arielli stream (northern areas) while the maximum elevation is 276 metres at the old railway station near the border with the commune of Arielli. The elevation of the municipality building is 209 metres. The average elevation of the single areas in which the whole territory has been subdivided into are listed in the following table:

Area Altitude (m a.s.l.)
Casino Vezzani 172
Casone 217
S. Polo 258
S.Maria Cardetola 232
Vassarella 190
Via Piana 250
Villa Baccile 218
Villa Consalvi 241
Villa Formicone 220
Villa Marcone 215
Villa Mascitti 203
Villa Mucchiarelli 218
Villa Selciaroli 244
Villa Tucci 209

History[edit]

Historical sources date Crecchio back to at least the 11th century, and archaeological evidence suggests it was inhabited at least as far back as the Roman era.

Main sights[edit]

The major building is the twelfth century castle which was converted to residential use in 1789. The castle became the family seat of the de Riseis family. The family were host to Prince Umberto in 1926 for one night of their honeymoon.[1]

The Castle is famous for being the site of an event during World War II when, on September 10, 1943, after the armistice, King Vittorio Emanuele III of Italy, in flight from Rome, spent a night in the castle before leaving Italy from the port of Ortona.

An Etruscan and Byzantine museum, which receives many visitors each year, is located inside the castle.

Economy[edit]

The economy is mainly based on agriculture where vineyards and olive trees dominate the hills and valleys. The main vines grown are Montepulciano d'Abruzzo and Trebbiano. The first produces a dense red wine while Trebbiano grapes produce a rich white table wine.

The few business activities are mainly focused on the textile and mechanical industry.

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]