The Credit River in Port Credit
|Name origin: From Rivière au Crédit, used by French fur traders|
|- location||near Orangeville, Ontario and Caldeon East, Ontario|
|- elevation||+400 m (1,312 ft)|
|- location||Port Credit|
|- elevation||74 m (243 ft) |
|Length||90 km (56 mi) |
|Basin||1,000 km2 (386 sq mi) |
|Discharge||for Erindale, Mississauga|
|- average||8.12 m3/s (287 cu ft/s) |
|- max||501 m3/s (17,693 cu ft/s)|
|- min||0.085 m3/s (3 cu ft/s)|
The Credit River is a river in southern Ontario which flows from headwaters above the Niagara Escarpment near Orangeville and Caledon East to empty into Lake Ontario at Port Credit, Mississauga. It drains an area of approximately 1,000 km². The total length of the river and its tributary streams is over 1,500 km.
Despite urbanization and associated problems with water quality on the lower section of this river, it provides spawning areas for Chinook salmon and rainbow trout. There is a fish ladder on the river at Streetsville. Much of the river can still be travelled by canoe or kayak. The headwaters of the Credit River is home to a native self-sustaining brook trout population and an introduced brown trout population.
Communities in the river's watershed include:
- City of Brampton
- City of Mississauga
- Township of Amaranth
- Town of Caledon
- Township of East Garafraxa
- Town of Halton Hills
- Town of Mono
- Town of Orangeville
The river became known as Missinnihe, or "trusting creek" to the Mississauga First Nation people who met annually with white traders there. To the first nations, the river was "held in reverential estimation as the favourite resort of their ancestors" and the band, which ranged from Long Point on Lake Erie, to the Rouge River on Lake Ontario, became known as the Credit River Indians. Their descendents are today the Mississaugas of the New Credit First Nation.
The origins of the English name come from the time when French fur traders supplied goods to the native people in advance (on credit) against furs which would be provided the following spring. It was known as the Rivière au Crédit. The trading post was set up at the mouth of the river, in Port Credit, in the early 18th century.
Watershed population and land use
750,000 people live in the watershed as of the 2006 census, 87% of whom live in the lower 1/3 of the watershed. Population growth is approximately 3% per year. In 1999, 21% of the watershed was developed. By 2020 40% of the watershed will be developed (based on approved development and the official plans of the municipalities).
Plants and animals
The Credit River is home to a wide range of wildlife. Some species are permanent or seasonal residents while others are sighted occasionally. 1330 species of plants, 64 fish species (including many bait fish, pike, and brook trout), 41 species of mammals, 5 species of turtles, 8 snake species, 17 amphibian species, and 244 species of birds call this watershed home.
In popular culture
- Google Earth elevation for source coordinates
- "Credit River". Geographical Names Data Base. Natural Resources Canada.
- "Credit River Watershed". Credit Valley Conservation. Retrieved 31 October 2010.
- Station 02HB002 (Credit River at Erindale), Archived Hydrometric Data, Water Survey of Canada
- Smith 1987, p. 21.
- Smith, Donald B. (1987). Sacred Feathers.