Creek County, Oklahoma

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Creek County, Oklahoma
Map of Oklahoma highlighting Creek County
Location in the state of Oklahoma
Map of the United States highlighting Oklahoma
Oklahoma's location in the U.S.
Founded 1907
Named for Creek Nation
Seat Sapulpa
Largest city Sapulpa
 • Total 970 sq mi (2,512 km2)
 • Land 956 sq mi (2,475 km2)
 • Water 14 sq mi (37 km2), 1.47%
Population (Est.)
 • (2012) 70,651
 • Density 73/sq mi (28/km²)
Congressional districts 1st, 3rd
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5

Creek County is a county located in the U.S. state of Oklahoma. As of the 2010 census, the population was 69,967.[1] Its county seat is Sapulpa.[2] The county is part of the Tulsa Metropolitan Area.


European explorers traveled through this area early in the 19th Century, after the Louisiana Purchase. In 1825, the Osage Nation ceded the territory where the Federal Government planned to resettle the Creek Nation and other tribes after their expulsion from the Southeastern part of the United States. The Creeks began migrating into this area, where they and their black slaves settled to begin farming and raising cattle. In 1835, Federal soldiers under Captain J. L. Dawson built the Dawson Road, following an old Osage hunting trail.[3]

Railroads gave an important boost to the local economy. In 1886, the Atlantic and Pacific Railroad built a line from Red Fork to Sapulpa. In 1898, the St. Louis and Oklahoma City Railway connected Sapulpa and Oklahoma City.[3]

The present Creek County was established at the time of statehood, with a population of 18,365. The town of Sapulpa was initially designated as the county seat. This decision was challenged by supporters of the town of Bristow. An election held August 12, 1908 to choose a permanent seat was won by Sapulpa, but the dispute did not end there. After a series of court cases, the Oklahoma Supreme Court ruled in favor of Sapulpa on August 1, 1913.[3]

After oil was discovered at Glenn Pool in adjacent Tulsa County in 1905, other strikes occurred in Creek County. The Cushing-Drumright Oil Field opened in 1912, creating boom towns Drumright, Kiefer and Oilton. By 1920, the county population had increased to 62,480.[3]


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 970 square miles (2,512.3 km2), of which 956 square miles (2,476.0 km2) is land and 14 square miles (36.3 km2) (1.47%) is water.[4] It is drained by the Cimarron River, and the Deep Fork and Little Deep Fork of the North Canadian River. Heyburn Lake is contained within the County. Keystone Lake is partially within Creek County.[3]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]


Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 26,223
1920 62,480 138.3%
1930 64,115 2.6%
1940 55,503 −13.4%
1950 43,143 −22.3%
1960 40,495 −6.1%
1970 45,532 12.4%
1980 59,016 29.6%
1990 60,915 3.2%
2000 67,317 10.5%
2010 69,967 3.9%
Est. 2012 70,651 1.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
2012 Estimate[1]
Age pyramid for Creek County, Oklahoma, based on census 2000 data.

As of the census[6] of 2000, there were 67,367 people, 25,289 households, and 19,017 families residing in the county. The population density was 70 people per square mile (27/km²). There were 27,986 housing units at an average density of 29 per square mile (11/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 82.27% White, 2.56% Black or African American, 9.08% Native American, 0.27% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.63% from other races, and 5.16% from two or more races. 1.90% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 25,289 households out of which 34.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.10% were married couples living together, 10.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.80% were non-families. 21.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.64 and the average family size was 3.06.

In the county, the population was spread out with 27.40% under the age of 18, 8.00% from 18 to 24, 27.30% from 25 to 44, 24.50% from 45 to 64, and 12.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 96.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $33,168, and the median income for a family was $38,470. Males had a median income of $31,190 versus $21,690 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,191. About 8% of families and 13.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.20% of those under age 18 and 14.10% of those age 65 or over.

Voter Registration and Party Enrollment as of January 15, 2012[7]
Party Number of Voters Percentage
  Democratic 16,358 44.35%
  Republican 16,785 45.50%
  Unaffiliated 3,745 10.15%
Total 36,888 100%


Presidential election results[8]
Year Republican Democrat
2008 70.82% 20,187 29.18% 8,318
2004 65.50% 18,848 34.50% 9,929
2000 57.20% 13,580 41.08% 9,753


Cities and towns[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

NRHP Sites[edit]

The following sites in Creek County are listed on the National Register of Historic Places:


  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 8, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ a b c d e Wilson, Linda D. Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. "Creek County." [1]
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Retrieved November 8, 2013. 
  6. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  7. ^
  8. ^ "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". Retrieved 2011-06-11. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 35°54′N 96°22′W / 35.90°N 96.37°W / 35.90; -96.37