Creel, Chihuahua

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For other uses, see Creel (disambiguation).
Creel
City
Creel
Creel is located in Mexico
Creel
Creel
Location of Creel in Mexico
Coordinates: 27°45′08.13″N 107°38′04.59″W / 27.7522583°N 107.6346083°W / 27.7522583; -107.6346083Coordinates: 27°45′08.13″N 107°38′04.59″W / 27.7522583°N 107.6346083°W / 27.7522583; -107.6346083
Country Mexico
State Chihuahua
Municipality Bocoyna
Founded May 26, 1907
Elevation 2,345 m (7,694 ft)
Population (2010)[1]
 • Total 5,026
Time zone MST (UTC-7)
 • Summer (DST) MDT (UTC-6)
Area code(s) 635

Creel (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈkril]) is a town in the Sierra Tarahumara (part of the Sierra Madre Occidental) of the Mexican state of Chihuahua. It is the second-largest town (after San Juanito) in the municipality of Bocoyna. It is located some 175 kilometres (109 mi) to the southwest of the state capital, Chihuahua, Chih. At the census of 2010, it had a population of 5,026,[2] down from 5,338 as of 2005.

Near Creel is Divisadero, perhaps the best-known overlook of the "Three Canyons" area of the Copper Canyon, as well as Basaseachic Falls, one of the highest waterfalls in Mexico. Creel was historically a logging town, although tourism has become the primary job source over the last 20 years. There are many hotels, restaurants and a number of tours down into the canyons and throughout the surrounding area.

History[edit]

Creel was founded with the name ‘Estación Creel’ on May 26, 1907, as a railroad depot on the Chihuahua–Pacific line. It was named after Enrique Creel governor of Chihuahua state at the time. He was the son of Reuben W. Creel, American delegate in Chihuahua. Creel was founded as a planned agricultural settlement that was intended to have a small number of Mexicans who were supposed to spread their culture onto the Tarahumara who were supposed to be the majority of the population. It was supposed to have 25 Mexican and 75 Tarahumara families, but in its early years only had about 30 Tarahumara families although the right number of Mexicans.[3]

For many years before its completion the Ferrocarril Chihuahua al Pacífico line ended at Creel.

Climate[edit]

Creel’s high altitude gives it a cool oceanic climate (Köppen climate classification Cwb), characterised by mild days and cold nights with frost occurring most mornings from October to April, though daytime temperatures in those months remain comfortable. Although precipitation during the winter is not infrequent, snowfalls are rare, occurring on average only four days per year, but are more frequent on the mountain peaks.

Climate data for Creel (1951-2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 25.0
(77)
27.0
(80.6)
27.0
(80.6)
31.0
(87.8)
37.0
(98.6)
37.0
(98.6)
38.0
(100.4)
32.0
(89.6)
34.0
(93.2)
30.0
(86)
29.0
(84.2)
29.0
(84.2)
38.0
(100.4)
Average high °C (°F) 13.4
(56.1)
14.9
(58.8)
17.2
(63)
20.8
(69.4)
24.0
(75.2)
26.8
(80.2)
24.6
(76.3)
23.9
(75)
23.1
(73.6)
21.0
(69.8)
17.9
(64.2)
14.7
(58.5)
20.2
(68.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) 4.1
(39.4)
5.1
(41.2)
6.9
(44.4)
10.1
(50.2)
13.2
(55.8)
17.0
(62.6)
17.4
(63.3)
17.0
(62.6)
15.5
(59.9)
11.5
(52.7)
7.8
(46)
5.2
(41.4)
10.9
(51.6)
Average low °C (°F) −5.2
(22.6)
−4.7
(23.5)
−3.4
(25.9)
−0.7
(30.7)
2.5
(36.5)
7.2
(45)
10.3
(50.5)
10.0
(50)
7.8
(46)
2.0
(35.6)
−2.2
(28)
−4.2
(24.4)
1.6
(34.9)
Record low °C (°F) −21.3
(−6.3)
−21.0
(−5.8)
−23.0
(−9.4)
−11.0
(12.2)
−9.5
(14.9)
−12.0
(10.4)
1.0
(33.8)
1.6
(34.9)
−3.0
(26.6)
−8.5
(16.7)
−13.0
(8.6)
−22.5
(−8.5)
−23.0
(−9.4)
Precipitation mm (inches) 48.9
(1.925)
34.4
(1.354)
18.8
(0.74)
12.4
(0.488)
13.3
(0.524)
69.9
(2.752)
173.7
(6.839)
147.3
(5.799)
95.4
(3.756)
41.6
(1.638)
31.3
(1.232)
57.9
(2.28)
744.9
(29.327)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 5.3 3.9 2.4 2.0 2.1 8.9 20.5 18.3 11.7 4.9 3.8 5.6 89.4
Avg. snowy days 1.38 0.61 0.72 0.08 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.42 0.70 3.91
Source #1: Servicio Meteorológico National[4][5]
Source #2: Colegio de Postgraduados[6]

Transport[edit]

The Chihuahua al Pacífico (Chepe) railroad runs from the city of Chihuahua to Los Mochis with four passenger trains arriving daily - two from each direction. There is also bus service to Chihuahua, as well as regular service down to the small town of Batopilas, a trip that takes about five hours each way.

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Principales resultados por localidad 2010 (ITER)". Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Geografía. 2010. 
  2. ^ "Bocoyna". Catálogo de Localidades. Secretaría de Desarrollo Social (SEDESOL). Retrieved 23 April 2014. 
  3. ^ Edward H. Spicer, Cycles of Conquest: The Impact of Spain, Mexico, and the United States on the Indians of the Southwest, 1533-1960 (Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 1962), p. 40
  4. ^ "NORMALES CLIMATOLÓGICAS 1951-2010" (in Spanish). Servicio Meteorológico National. Retrieved January 21, 2013. 
  5. ^ "Extreme Temperatures and Precipitation for Creel 1929-1998" (in Spanish). Servicio Meteorológico National. Retrieved January 21, 2013. 
  6. ^ "Normales climatológicas para el Estado de Chihuahua". Colegio de Postgraduados. Retrieved 9 October 2011. 

External links[edit]