|Born||Creig Valentine Flessel
February 2, 1912
Huntington, New York, United States
|Died||July 17, 2008
Mill Valley, California, United States
Creig Valentine Flessel (February 2, 1912 – July 17, 2008) was an American comic book artist and an illustrator and cartoonist for magazines ranging from Boys' Life to Playboy. One of the earliest comic book illustrators, he was a 2006 nominee for induction into the comics industry's Will Eisner Hall of Fame.
Early life and career
The son of Frank John Flessel, a blacksmith, and his wife Ida Hawkins Bunce, Flessel was born in Huntington, Long Island, New York. He was the youngest of two boys and two girls, with siblings Frank Bunce Flessel, Laura E. Flessel, and Elizabeth Flessel. Flessel graduated high school in 1930 then attended Grand Central Art School, at Grand Central Terminal in Manhattan, working as a door monitor in exchange for art lessons from instructors including the painter Harvey Dunn. He studied there for two years, with cartoonist Charles Addams a classmate and casual acquaintance. Afterward, he worked one summer as a gardener on William K. Vanderbilt’s estate, earning $25 a week.
Flessel began drawing for the pulp magazines of the time, including Street & Smith's The Shadow. "They would give you a copy of a story and the space. Double spread would be $15; single would be seven, sometimes ten," Flessel recalled in 2001. He broke into comics after answering an ad in The New York Times by Major Major Malcolm Wheeler-Nicholson, whose National Allied Publications would eventually become DC Comics, and began freelancing there. His first known work for the publisher appeared in More Fun Comics #10 (cover-dated May 1936), penciling and inking the two-page sword-and-sorcery feature "Don Drake" and the two-page humor strip "Fishy Frolics". Flessel recalled,
I don’t think they were looking for any pedigree or “Would you do this?” More like, “You’re a live body. What do you want to do? Take this and do it, then.” I realized they were desperate so I had to go out and buy a drawing table. They had just one table that they were doing all of the mechanical work on. So I got a table and managed to find a chair and sat down and they said, “Here. Do this.” I think I did a couple of center spreads for More Fun. I did [the feature] "Fishy Frolics", I did an "Acorn and Andy" double-spread. Little nonsense cartoons.
Golden Age of comic books
Concentrating his attention on the fledgling comics medium, Flessel drew the covers of many of the first American comic books, including the pre-Batman Detective Comics #2-19 (April 1937 - Sept. 1938). He both wrote and drew the two-page "Steve Conrad, Adventurer", premiering in New Comics #5 (June 1936); the two-page sports feature "Pep Morgan", premiering More Fun #12 (Aug. 1936); "Bret Lawton" and "Speed Saunders" (the latter with writer E. C. Stoner and later Gardner Fox), both premiering in Detective Comics #1; "Bradley Boys", premiering in More Fun #13; "Hanko the Cowhand", premiering in "More Fun" #25 (Oct. 1937); "Buzz Brown", premiering in More Fun #30 (March 1938); and at least drew and possibly wrote "Red Coat Patrol" also known as "Sgt. O'Malley", premiering in "More Fun" #39 (Jan. 1939). As writer-artist, Flessel created the DC character the Shining Knight, in Adventure Comics #66 (Sept. 1941).
Flessel, who drew many early adventures of the Golden Age Sandman and is closely associated with that character, has sometimes been credited as the character's co-creator. While Flessel drew the Sandman cover of Adventure Comics #40, generally considered the character's first appearance, the character was created by writer Gardner Fox and artist Bert Christman.
When DC Comics editor Vin Sullivan left the company in 1940 to work for Columbia Comics, Flessel, Fox and others freelanced for his Big Shot Comics. In 1943, when Sullivan formed his own comic book publishing company, Magazine Enterprises, Flessel signed on as associate editor. Among its other publications, the firm produced at least three issues of the highly violent, wartime propaganda comic The United States Marines, which presented "Authentic U.S. Marine Corps Picture Stories" as well as graphic government photographs of such subjects as burned and bayoneted Japanese soldiers.
Flessel drew illustrations for several issues of the pulp magazine Clues Detective Stories in 1939 and 1940. During the late 1950s he also provided uncredited artwork for Al Capp's Li'l Abner comic strip.
Later life and career
Flessel continued to draw comics, often uncredited, through the 1950s, including Superboy stories in both that character's namesake title and in Adventure Comics; and anthological mystery and suspense tales in American Comics Group (AGC's) Adventures into the Unknown. Flessel's final regular comic-book work was penciling and inking the 6⅔-page story "The Flying Girl of Smallville" in Superboy #72 (April 1959). He returned in the 1970s to do occasional inking for writer-penciler Joe Simon, as on Prez #4 (March 1973).
Beginning in 1960, Flessel drew a Publishers-Hall Syndicate comic strip about a young minister, David Crane, created by Ed Dodd in 1956 and originally produced by artist Win Mortimer and writer Hart Spence. In 1993, Flessel donated the original art for 2,677 strips to the Ohio State University Cartoon, Graphic and Photographic Arts Research Library. After David Crane ceased publication in 1971, Flessel unsuccessfully attempted several other strips, including Cy Poppins, about the owner of a country store; Willie Wildwood, an environmentally aware strip; and The Other Foot.
Like his friend Jack Cole, creator of Plastic Man, Flessel also regularly contributed cartoons to Playboy magazine, including a series titled "The Adventures of Baron Furstinbed". Many of these cartoons were reprinted in the one-shot Sex and Other Late Night Laughs (1990), collecting the work of 26 Playboy cartoonists.
In 2000, Flessel and his wife Marie moved from the East Coast to Mill Valley, California, where he continued to create art for local events and talent shows. Their son, Peter Flessel, is an environmental engineer, and their daughter, Eugenie Fernandes, is a book illustrator and author in Ontario.
In his final years, Flessel was rediscovered by comic fandom and was the recipient of many honors. He was a guest of honor at the fan convention Wondercon in San Francisco, California, in February 2005, speaking on the Golden/Silver Age Panel. Flessel is also mentioned in Michael Chabon's 2000 novel The Amazing Adventures of Kavalier & Clay (though his name is misspelled "Craig" in early editions).
Awards and nominations
- 1991 Comic-Con International Inkpot Award
- 1992 National Cartoonists Society Silver T-Square Extraordinary Service Award
- 2006 nominee for induction, Will Eisner Hall of Fame.
- 2007 The Sparky Award given by Jeannie Schulz and the Cartoon Art Museum, San Francisco
- Along the Shore by Elizabeth F. Weidner, illustrated by Creig Flessel (Behrman House, 1985) ISBN 0-682-40239-7
- Draw 50 People by Lee J. Ames with Creig Flessel (Doubleday, 1993; Sagebrush reissue, 1994) ISBN 0-613-51071-2 (reissue)
- "United States Social Security Death Index," index, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/JTFV-LM5 : accessed 25 Feb 2013), Creig Valentine Flessel, 17 July 2008; citing U.S. Social Security Administration, Death Master File, database (Alexandria, Virginia: National Technical Information Service, ongoing).
- Creig Valentine Flessel at the Social Security Death Index. Retrieved February 6, 2013.
- Creig Flessel at the Lambiek Comiclopedia. Archived October 18, 2011.
- "Family: Creig Valentine Flessel/Marie G Marino (F1759)". Long Island Surnames. Retrieved February 6, 2013.
- "The Creig Flessel Interview". The Comics Journal. August 22, 2001. Archived from the original on September 7, 2011. Retrieved February 6, 2013. "My older brother was very mechanical. ... I have two older sisters."
- "Frank John Flessel". Long Island Surnames. Retrieved February 6, 2013.
- "Creig Flessel 1912-". National Cartoonists Society. Archived from the original on June 4, 2012. Retrieved 2008-07-21.
- "The Creig Flessel Interview" (2001), p. 2. Archived from the original on February 6, 2013.
- Creig Flessel at the Grand Comics Database
- The Shining Knight at Don Markstein's Toonopedia. Archived from the original on October 25, 2011.
- The Sandman appeared in both Adventure Comics #40 (July 1939) and in DC Comics' 1939 New York World's Fair Comics, Omnibus, which historians believe may have appeared on newsstands one to two weeks earlier, though the Adventure Comics story is believed to have been written and drawn first. Both appearances are by writer Gardner Fox and artist Bert Christman.
- Sandman at Don Markstein's Toonopedia. Archived from the original on October 25, 2011.
- Spurgeon, Tom (July 21, 2008). "Creig Flessel, 1912–2008". The Comics Reporter. Archived from the original on September 23, 2010. Retrieved July 21, 2008..
- "Religion: Comic Cleric", Time, March 12, 1956
- Shaw, Scott (August 3, 2008). "Refreshment Through the Ages". Oddball Comics.
- Evanier, Mark (July 19, 2008). "Creig Flessel, R.I.P.". P.O.V. Online. Archived from the original on August 25, 2011. Retrieved August 25, 2011.
- "Eugenie Fernandes". Annick Press. Archived from the original on July 1, 2012. Retrieved February 6, 2013.
- On page 144 of the first printing, the quote reads "These guys aren't trying to draw bad, Joe. Some of what they do is okay. There's a guy, Craig Flessel, he's really pretty good. Try to keep an open mind."
- "2006 Eisner Award Nominations". San Diego Comic-Con International. Archived from the original on May 15, 2012.
||This article's use of external links may not follow Wikipedia's policies or guidelines. (February 2013)|
- Creig Flessel at Mike's Amazing World of DC Comics database
- Creig Flessel at The FictionMags Index. WebCitation archive.
- Creig Flessel entry, The Comic Strip Project, "Who's Who of Comic Strip Producers", F-Part 1. WebCitation archive.
- Interview with Creig Flessel, The Comics Journal #244 (Aug. 2002) pp. 54–75. Archive of additional interview material place online. Retrieved October 28, 2010. Original site. Archive of page 1 only, "The Creig Flessel Interview", 27 July 2008
- "Mr. Sandman: Creig Flessel, Golden Age Legend", by Charlie Roberts, Comic Book Marketplace #15 (July 1992) pp. 28–33
- "Flessel on Flessel", pp. 36–39
- The Redwoods Review (Fall 2004): "The Amazing Adventures of...Creig Flessel!" (community newspaper; link opens PDF). WebCitation archive.
- Heintjes, Tom. "Funny Business: The Rise and Fall of Johnstone and Cushing", Hogan's Alley, n.d. WebCitation archive.
- Comic-Book Superstars, by Don & Maggie Thompson (Krause Publications, Iola, Wis., 1993) Entry, pp. 70–71
- The Great Comic Book Artists, Vol. 2, by Ron Goulart (St. Martin's Press, New York, 1989) Entry pp. 36–37
- Archive of NCS Long Island Chapter "The Berndt Toast Gang" News (newsletter); includes handwritten Flessel letter. Original page.