Crescentia cujete

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This article is about the tree. For the vine and its fruit, see calabash. For other uses of calabash, see Calabash (disambiguation).
Crescentia cujete
Crescentia cujete (fruit and foilage).jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Lamiales
Family: Bignoniaceae
Genus: Crescentia
Species: C. cujete
Binomial name
Crescentia cujete
L.
Crescentia cujete - MHNT

Crescentia cujete, commonly known as the Calabash Tree, is species of flowering plant that is native to Central and South America. It is the national tree of St. Lucia. It is a dicotyledonous plant with simple leaves, which are alternate or in fascicles (clusters) on short shoots.[1] It is naturalized in India.[2]

It is also known as Ayale (English), Calabacero (Spain), Cuité (Brazil) Totumo (Panama, Colombia, Venezuela and Peru), Taparo (Venezuela), Mate (Ecuador), Huinga (Peru), Pate (Peru), Cuyabra (Colombia), Jícaro (Mexico) Cujete (Spain, Philippines), Miracle Fruit (Philippines), Kalbas (Dominica and St. Lucia), Higuera (Puerto Rico) and Rum tree (Sri Lanka). The fruit, called Jícara and Bule in Mexico, is used to make small vessels for serving or drinking.

The tree shares its common name with that of the vine calabash (Lagenaria siceraria).

Leaves[edit]

whorled 3-5 together on short side shoots, spatulate, narrowed and acute base, acute apex, wavy margins.

Trunk[edit]

Bark - smooth to fissured, light gray; Wood ,Sapwood - pinkish brownish; Heartwood - light brown.

Flowers[edit]

light green, bell shaped, borne singly on trunk.

Fruits[edit]

green to brown, very large, hard, gourd-like.

References[edit]

  1. ^ GENTRY, A.H. 1996. A field guide to the families and genera of woody plants of northwest South America (Columbia, Ecuador, Peru), with supplementary notes on herbaceous taxa. University of Chicago Press. p. 265.
  2. ^ Pharmacographia Indica page 40

External links[edit]