Cressing railway station

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Cressing National Rail
Cressing
Cressing railway station in 1976
Location
Place Cressing
Local authority Braintree
Coordinates 51°51′07″N 0°34′41″E / 51.852°N 0.578°E / 51.852; 0.578Coordinates: 51°51′07″N 0°34′41″E / 51.852°N 0.578°E / 51.852; 0.578
Grid reference TL776202
Operations
Station code CES
Managed by Abellio Greater Anglia
Number of platforms 1
Live arrivals/departures and station information
from National Rail Enquiries
Annual rail passenger usage*
2004/05 49,308
2005/06 Decrease 40,088
2006/07 Decrease 39,540
2007/08 Decrease 37,561
2008/09 Decrease 30,518
2009/10 Increase 31,414
2010/11 Decrease 29,536
2011/12 Decrease 26,994
2012/13 Increase 29,838
History
Original company Eastern Counties Railway
Pre-grouping Great Eastern Railway
Post-grouping London and North Eastern Railway
2 October 1848 (1848-10-02) Station opened as Bulford
1 February 1911 Renamed Cressing
National RailUK railway stations
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
* Annual estimated passenger usage based on sales of tickets in stated financial year(s) which end or originate at Cressing from Office of Rail Regulation statistics. Methodology may vary year on year.
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View SE, towards Witham in 1984

Cressing railway station serves the villages of Cressing and Black Notley in Essex, England. The station, and all trains serving it, are operated by Abellio Greater Anglia. It is situated on the Braintree Branch Line.

History[edit]

The Maldon, Witham and Braintree Railway was authorised in 1846, but prior to opening was absorbed by the Eastern Counties Railway.[1] The line opened for goods traffic on 15 August 1848, and for passengers on 2 October 1848;[1] it was double tracked throughout until the Crimean War. Cressing is on the section from Witham to Braintree. This station, originally named Bulford, was opened on 2 October 1848, and was renamed Cressing on 1 February 1911.[2] It is suggested[by whom?] that the large crossing gates were because Cressing had a passing loop until after World War I, and retained the loop for freight purposes until freight closure in 1964.

The station was owned by the Great Eastern Railway (GER) from 1862 to 1923, but as the building does not show GER architectural canopy support features, it is likely that it pre-dates GER. Although there doesn't appear to be any obvious evidence (as in the case of Maldon East Station which proudly displays MWB on the gulleys at the top of its downpipes) that it was built when the line opened, that is still quite possible and if so would make it the only surviving Maldon, Witham and Braintree Railway structure on this railway.[original research?]

There was originally a signal box on the platform, next to the level crossing (see image on right hand side of screen) . This was removed and relocated to the preserved Colne Valley Railway at Castle Hedingham in the 1970s.

Cressing Station Signal Box in 1976, before electrification

Service patterns[edit]

A train departs hourly in each direction. Trains towards Braintree (in the 'down' direction) call at every stop (Braintree Freeport and Braintree). Most trains in the up (towards London) direction on Mondays to Saturdays run to London Liverpool Street, but on Sundays passengers must change at Witham. All services are scheduled to be operated by Class 321 electric multiple units, but occasionally Class 360 or Class 315 EMUs replace them.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Awdry, Christopher (1990). Encyclopaedia of British Railway Companies. London: Guild Publishing. p. 147. CN 8983. 
  2. ^ Butt, R.V.J. (1995). The Directory of Railway Stations. Yeovil: Patrick Stephens Ltd. pp. 48, 71. ISBN 1-85260-508-1. R508. 

External links[edit]

Preceding station National Rail National Rail Following station
White Notley   Abellio Greater Anglia
Braintree Branch Line
  Braintree Freeport