Cresskill, New Jersey

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Cresskill, New Jersey
Borough
Borough of Cresskill
Map highlighting Cresskill's location within Bergen County. Inset: Bergen County's location within New Jersey
Map highlighting Cresskill's location within Bergen County. Inset: Bergen County's location within New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Cresskill, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Cresskill, New Jersey
Coordinates: 40°56′23″N 73°57′31″W / 40.939786°N 73.958581°W / 40.939786; -73.958581Coordinates: 40°56′23″N 73°57′31″W / 40.939786°N 73.958581°W / 40.939786; -73.958581[1][2]
Country  United States of America
State  New Jersey
County Bergen
Incorporated May 8, 1894
Government[5]
 • Type Borough
 • Mayor Benedict Romeo (R, term ends December 31, 2015)[3]
 • Administrator Andrew "Chuck" Vaccaro[4]
 • Clerk Barbara A. Nasuto[4]
Area[2]
 • Total 2.074 sq mi (5.371 km2)
 • Land 2.064 sq mi (5.345 km2)
 • Water 0.010 sq mi (0.027 km2)  0.50%
Area rank 407th of 566 in state
48th of 70 in county[2]
Elevation[6] 46 ft (14 m)
Population (2010 Census)[7][8]
 • Total 8,573
 • Estimate (2013)[9] 8,710
 • Rank 267th of 566 in state
44th of 70 in county[10]
 • Density 4,154.5/sq mi (1,604.1/km2)
 • Density rank 146th of 566 in state
36th of 70 in county[10]
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 07626[11][12]
Area code(s) 201[13]
FIPS code 3400315820[14][2][15]
GNIS feature ID 0875723[16][2]
Website www.cresskillboro.com

Cresskill is a borough in Bergen County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough's population was 8,573,[7][8][17] reflecting an increase of 827 (+10.7%) from the 7,746 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 188 (+2.5%) from the 7,558 counted in the 1990 Census.[18] This town got its name from "Cress", referring to the watercress which grew in its streams, and "Kill", referring to the stream passing through.[19][20]

Cresskill was incorporated as a borough by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on May 8, 1894, from portions of Palisades Township.[21] The borough was formed during the "Boroughitis" phenomenon then sweeping through Bergen County, in which 26 boroughs were formed in the county in 1894 alone.[22] A portion of the borough was annexed by Alpine in 1904.[21][23]

Railroads provided access from Cresskill to customers in New York City, including a chicken hatchery that was the world's largest by 1897.[19] Railroad access helped make Cresskill the home of Camp Merritt, the major debarkation point for more than a million American troops being sent abroad to fight in World War I. A large obelisk memorial (referred to by locals as "The Monument"[24]), or "The Circle Monument" was dedicated in 1924, set in the middle of the Camp Merritt Memorial Circle at the intersection of Madison Avenue and Knickerbocker Road (CR 505), to commemorate the fact.[25]

Geography[edit]

Cresskill is located at 40°56′23″N 73°57′31″W / 40.939786°N 73.958581°W / 40.939786; -73.958581 (40.939786,-73.958581). According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 2.074 square miles (5.371 km2), of which, 2.064 square miles (5.345 km2) of it was land and 0.010 square miles (0.027 km2) of it (0.50%) was water.[1][2]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 486
1910 550 13.2%
1920 942 71.3%
1930 1,924 104.2%
1940 2,246 16.7%
1950 3,534 57.3%
1960 7,290 106.3%
1970 8,298 13.8%
1980 7,609 −8.3%
1990 7,558 −0.7%
2000 7,746 2.5%
2010 8,573 10.7%
Est. 2013 8,710 [9] 1.6%
Population sources:
1900-1920[26] 1900-1910[27]
1910-1930[28] 1900-2010[29][30][31]
2000[32][33] 2010[7][8][17]

2010 Census[edit]

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 8,573 people, 3,002 households, and 2,318 families residing in the borough. The population density was 4,154.5 per square mile (1,604.1 /km2). There were 3,114 housing units at an average density of 1,509.0 per square mile (582.6 /km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 68.95% (5,911) White, 0.73% (63) Black or African American, 0.03% (3) Native American, 27.64% (2,370) Asian, 0.01% (1) Pacific Islander, 1.07% (92) from other races, and 1.55% (133) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 6.26% (537) of the population.[7] Korean Americans accounted for 17.8% of the population.[7]

There were 3,002 households, of which 40.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 66.2% were married couples living together, 7.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.8% were non-families. 21.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 15.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.84 and the average family size was 3.32.[7] Same-sex couples headed 7 households in 2010, an increase from the 5 counted in 2000.[34]

In the borough, 26.8% of the population were under the age of 18, 5.4% from 18 to 24, 20.6% from 25 to 44, 29.8% from 45 to 64, and 17.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43.7 years. For every 100 females there were 88.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.7 males.[7]

The Census Bureau's 2006–2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $105,625 (with a margin of error of +/- $14,945) and the median family income was $128,382 (+/- $16,732). Males had a median income of $95,795 (+/- $24,665) versus $72,188 (+/- $16,155) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $56,485 (+/- $6,202). About 2.4% of families and 4.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.8% of those under age 18 and 9.4% of those age 65 or over.[35]

2000 Census[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[14] there were 7,746 people, 2,630 households, and 2,161 families residing in the borough. The population density was 3,625.9 people per square mile (1,397.5/km2). There were 2,702 housing units at an average density of 1,264.8 per square mile (487.5/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 78.05% White, 0.92% African American, 0.04% Native American, 18.64% Asian, 0.65% from other races, and 1.70% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.99% of the population.[32][33]

There were 2,630 households out of which 40.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 71.1% were married couples living together, 8.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 17.8% were non-families. 15.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.91 and the average family size was 3.26.[32][33]

In the borough the age distribution of the population shows 26.3% under the age of 18, 4.7% from 18 to 24, 26.4% from 25 to 44, 25.7% from 45 to 64, and 16.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 92.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.2 males.[32][33]

The median income for a household in the borough was $84,692, and the median income for a family was $96,245. Males had a median income of $61,194 versus $38,990 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $41,573. About 1.7% of families and 3.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.7% of those under age 18 and 3.9% of those age 65 or over.[32][33]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

The post office in Cresskill, circa 1915

Cresskill is governed under the Borough form of New Jersey municipal government. The governning body consists of a Mayor and a Borough Council comprising six council members, with all positions elected at-large on a partisan basis as part of the November general election. A Mayor is elected directly by the voters to a four-year term of office. The Borough Council consists of six members elected to serve three-year terms on a staggered basis, with two seats coming up for election each year in a three-year cycle.[5] The Borough form of government used by Cresskill, the most common system used in the state, is a "weak mayor / strong council" government in which council members act as the legislative body with the mayor presiding at meetings and voting only in the event of a tie. The mayor can veto ordinances, which can be overridden with a 2/3 vote of the council. The mayor makes committee and liaison assignments for council members, with most appointments are made by the mayor subject to the advice and consent of the council.[36]

As of 2013, the Mayor of the Borough of Cresskill is Republican Benedict Romeo, whose term of office ends December 31, 2015. Members of the Cresskill Borough Council are John Brennan (R, 2013), James Cleary (R, 2014), Gregory K. Mueller (R, 2015), Hector Olmo (R, 2014), Kathleen Savas (R, 2015) and Simone Tsigounis (R, 2013).[37][38][39][40][41][42]

Republican incumbents Benedict Romeo, James Cleary and Hector Olmo all won re-election running unopposed in the November 2011 general election.[43]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Cresskill is located in the 9th Congressional District[44] and is part of New Jersey's 37th state legislative district.[17][45][46] Prior to the 2011 reapportionment following the 2010 Census, Cresskill had been in the 39th state legislative district.[47] Prior to the 2010 Census, Cresskill had been part of the 5th Congressional District, a change made by the New Jersey Redistricting Commission that took effect in January 2013, based on the results of the November 2012 general elections.[47]

New Jersey's Ninth Congressional District is represented by Bill Pascrell (D, Paterson).[48] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark; took office on October 31, 2013, after winning a special election to fill the seat of Frank Lautenberg)[49][50] and Bob Menendez (D, Paramus).[51][52]

The 37th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Loretta Weinberg (D, Teaneck) and in the General Assembly by Valerie Huttle (D, Englewood) and Gordon M. Johnson (D, Englewood).[53] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[54] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[55]

Bergen County is governed by a directly elected County Executive, with legislative functions performed by a seven-member Board of Chosen Freeholders.[56] The County Executive is Kathleen Donovan (R, Rutherford; term ends December 31, 2014).[57] The seven freeholders are elected at-large in partisan elections on a staggered basis, with two or three seats coming up for election each year, with a Chairman, Vice Chairman and Chairman Pro Tempore selected from among its members at a reorganization meeting held each January.[58] As of 2014, Bergen County's Freeholders are Freeholder Chairman David L. Ganz (D, 2014; Fair Lawn),[59] Vice Chairwoman Joan Voss (D, 2014; Fort Lee),[60] Chairman Pro Tempore John A. Felice (R, 2016; River Edge),[61] Maura R. DeNicola (R, 2016; Franklin Lakes),[62] Steve Tanelli (D, 2015; North Arlington)[63] James J. Tedesco, III (D, 2015; Paramus)[64] and Tracy Silna Zur (D, 2015; Franklin Lakes).[65][66] Countywide constitutional officials are County Clerk John S. Hogan (D, Northvale),[67] Sheriff Michael Saudino (R),[68] Surrogate Michael R. Dressler (D, Cresskill)[69][70][56]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 4,904 registered voters in Cresskill, of which 1,263 (25.8% vs. 31.7% countywide) were registered as Democrats, 1,234 (25.2% vs. 21.1%) were registered as Republicans and 2,403 (49.0% vs. 47.1%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 4 voters registered to other parties.[71] Among the borough's 2010 Census population, 57.2% (vs. 57.1% in Bergen County) were registered to vote, including 78.1% of those ages 18 and over (vs. 73.7% countywide).[71][72]

In the 2012 presidential election, Republican Mitt Romney received 1,805 votes here (49.7% vs. 43.5% countywide), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 1,777 votes (48.9% vs. 54.8%) and other candidates with 22 votes (0.6% vs. 0.9%), among the 3,634 ballots cast by the borough's 5,163 registered voters, for a turnout of 70.4% (vs. 70.4% in Bergen County).[73][74] In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 1,989 votes here (50.4% vs. 53.9% countywide), ahead of Republican John McCain with 1,913 votes (48.5% vs. 44.5%) and other candidates with 23 votes (0.6% vs. 0.8%), among the 3,944 ballots cast by the borough's 5,074 registered voters, for a turnout of 77.7% (vs. 76.8% in Bergen County).[75][76] In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 1,886 votes here (50.5% vs. 47.2% countywide), ahead of Democrat John Kerry with 1,813 votes (48.5% vs. 51.7%) and other candidates with 27 votes (0.7% vs. 0.7%), among the 3,738 ballots cast by the borough's 4,748 registered voters, for a turnout of 78.7% (vs. 76.9% in the whole county).[77]

In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 1,213 votes here (49.5% vs. 45.8% countywide), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 1,106 votes (45.2% vs. 48.0%), Independent Chris Daggett with 99 votes (4.0% vs. 4.7%) and other candidates with 8 votes (0.3% vs. 0.5%), among the 2,449 ballots cast by the borough's 4,975 registered voters, yielding a 49.2% turnout (vs. 50.0% in the county).[78]

Education[edit]

The Cresskill Public Schools serve students in pre-Kindergarten through twelfth grade. Schools in the district (with 2010-11 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[79]) are Edward H. Bryan School[80] with 462 students grades K-5, Merritt Memorial School[81] with 292 students in grades PreK-5, Cresskill Middle School[82] with 406 in grads 6-8 and Cresskill High School[83] with 561 students in grades 9-12.[84][85]

Public school students from the borough, and all of Bergen County, are eligible to attend the secondary education programs offered by the Bergen County Technical Schools, which include the Bergen County Academies in Hackensack, and the Bergen Tech campus in Teterboro or Paramus. The district offers programs on a shared-time or full-time basis, with admission based on a selective application process and tuition covered by the student's home school district.[86][87]

The Academy of Saint Therese of Lisieux has 225 students in preschool through eighth grade and operates under the supervision of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Newark.[88]

Transportation[edit]

Roads and highways[edit]

The borough had a total of 37.02 miles (59.58 km) of roadways, of which 33.65 miles (54.15 km) are maintained by the municipality and 3.37 miles (5.42 km) by Bergen County.[89]

County Route 505 and County Route 501 travel through Cresskill.

Public transportation[edit]

The New Jersey Transit 166 bus route provides service to the Port Authority Bus Terminal in Midtown Manhattan, and local service is available on the 753 route.[90]

Bus service to Rockland County and the George Washington Bridge and Port Authority Terminals in NYC is also provided by Rockland Coaches routes 84, 20, and 14.[91]

Notable people[edit]

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Cresskill include:

References[edit]

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  94. ^ Century, Douglas. "Alpine, N.J., Home of Hip-Hop Royalty", The New York Times, February 11, 2007. Accessed July 8, 2011.
  95. ^ Leichman, Joseph. "A Chava Alberstein and David Broza experience: Israeli Megastars head for Englewood", Jewish Standard, March 1, 2007. Accessed November 28, 2007. "Broza lived in Cresskill for 17 years, and he will return to New Jersey when he plays with Alberstein at the Bergen Performing Arts Center in Englewood tomorrow night."
  96. ^ Smith, Claire. "Cerone Is Happy to Join Mets After Weak Year With Yanks", The New York Times, January 22, 1991. Accessed January 15, 2012. "'I wanted to play for the Mets,' Cerone said by telephone from his Cresskill, N.J., home. 'I wanted to play for a contender. And I wanted to stay close to home.'
  97. ^ Chang, Althea D. "Asian American and Female in American Television and Films: Lynn Chen from All My Children", Asian Life, October 30, 2003. Accessed December 23, 2013. "As a young student in Cresskill, NJ, she was defined by her acting, so she eventually wanted to try something new."
  98. ^ Batipps, Mylin. "Dentist by Day, Musician by Night", TCNJ Journal, April 13, 2013. Accessed December 23, 2013. "Stephen Dadaian is an electric and classical guitarist from Cresskill, New Jersey."
  99. ^ Staff. "The Rumble: Damons’ open house", The New York Post, September 27, 2009. Accessed December 23, 2013. "With a downstairs living section in their Cresskill home, Damon and his wife, Michelle, welcomed the Robertsons in."
  100. ^ Seachrist, Denise A. "The Musical World of Halim El-Dabh", p. 95, Kent State University Press, 2003. ISBN 0-87338-752-X . Accessed July 8, 2011. "Mary and the girls were delighted to return to the United States, and when El-Dabh purchased a home in Cresskill, New Jersey, Mary was optimistic that her peripatetic husband was finally ready to settle down."
  101. ^ Staff. "Cresskill entrepreneur learns to balance several roles", New Jersey Local News Service, July 10, 2010. Accessed December 4, 2013. "Brian Hamburger started working in the investment advisor industry as a child.... The Cresskill resident said he wanted to help entrepreneurs grow successful companies and felt there was a void in that area."
  102. ^ Betsy Markey, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed February 21, 2011.
  103. ^ Levin, Jay. "Harold Martin, former Bergen County freeholder and state Assemblyman, dies", The Record (Bergen County), October 20, 2010. Accessed July 8, 2011. "Harold Martin, a Democrat from Cresskill who served one term as a Bergen County freeholder and three terms in the state Assembly, died Tuesday. He was 92. Mr. Martin, who worked at various times as a stockbroker, an electronic manufacturers sales representative and a research economist, used a seat on the Cresskill Planning Board and frequent attendance at Cresskill Council meetings as a springboard to higher office."
  104. ^ Lyons, Richard D. "Reuben Mattus, 81, the Founder of Haagen-Dazs", The New York Times, January 29, 1994. Accessed December 4, 2013. "Reuben Mattus, the Polish immigrant who stuck an umlaut on a nonsensical name and parlayed the exotic result into the multimillion-dollar company that sold Haagen-Dazs ice cream, died on Thursday in the North Broward Medical Center in Deerfield Beach, Fla. Mr. Mattus, who lived in Cresskill, N.J., was 81."
  105. ^ Hevesi, Dennis. "Rose Mattus, 90, Co-Creator of Häagen-Dazs Ice Cream, Dies", The New York Times, December 1, 2006. Accessed December 4, 2013. "Rose Mattus, who with her husband, Reuben, turned a family-owned ice cream business in the Bronx into a national brand with the invented name Häagen-Dazs, died Tuesday in Westwood, N.J. She was 90 and lived in Cresskill, N.J."
  106. ^ Czerwinski, Mark J. (January 30, 2003). "Nice and Tough". The Record. 
  107. ^ Chang, Kenneth. "R. Bruce Merrifield, Who Won Nobel Prize in Chemistry, Dies at 84", The New York Times, May 20, 2006. Accessed December 23, 2013. "R. Bruce Merrifield, who won a Nobel Prize in Chemistry for developing a much quicker way to synthesize proteins, streamlining many medical and scientific experiments, died Sunday at his home in Cresskill, N.J."
  108. ^ Petkewich, Rachel. "Nobel Laureate R. Bruce Merrifield Dies At 84", Chemical & Engineering News, May 23, 2006. "Robert Bruce Merrifield, a biochemist who won the 1984 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for a method he named solid-phase peptide synthesis, died on May 14 at his home in Cresskill, N.J., after a long illness. He was 84."
  109. ^ Milnes, Sherrill; McGovern, Dennis. "American Aria: Encore", p. 33, Hal Leonard Corporation, 2007. ISBN 1-57467-160-X.
  110. ^ Coutros, Evonne; and Koloff, Abbott. "Nicholas Oresko of Cresskill, World War II hero, dies at 96", The Record (Bergen County), October 4, 2013. Accessed December 4, 2013. "Nicholas Oresko of Cresskill, the nation’s oldest Medal of Honor recipient, died Friday evening, having been watched over all week by veterans and military personnel who’d heard he was in a hospital with a broken leg. Oresko, 96, was a U.S. Army master sergeant during World War II, when, although badly wounded, he wiped out two enemy bunkers near Tettingen, Germany, during the Battle of the Bulge."
  111. ^ Heyman, Jon. "NY SPRING TRAINING / East Is Eden / Piazza's found contentment after leaving the West Coast", Newsday, March 21, 1999. Accessed December 23, 2013. "Piazza looked long and hard in Brooklyn but eventually settled on a house in secluded Cresskill, in Bergen County, N.J., away from the action but closer to his mom and pop in Valley Forge, Pa."
  112. ^ Levin, Jay. "Richard H. Tedford, 82; paleontologist and author", The Record (Bergen County), July 21, 2001. Accessed July 22, 2011. "Richard H. Tedford of Demarest, whose eminent, decades-long career as a vertebrate paleontologist took him on fossil explorations of Australia, China and the American West, died last Friday. He was 82.... Mr. Tedford, formerly of Cresskill, was predeceased by his first wife, Elizabeth."
  113. ^ "MUSIC NOTES", The Star-Ledger, November 16, 2000, p. 71. "Wright returns. Singer-songwriter-keyboardist Gary Wright, who grew up in Cresskill and went to Tenafly High School, will perform in New York tonight for the first time in 20 years."

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