|Crested caracara at the Tárcoles River, Costa Rica|
and see text
|Range of the genus Caracara|
Caracara is a genus of birds of prey in the family Falconidae found throughout a large part of the Americas. They are part of a group collectively referred to as caracaras. The modern species in the genus Caracara were previously considered conspecific (as "crested caracara", a name still widely used for the northern caracara) and were originally placed within the genus Polyborus.
- Northern caracara (Caracara cheriway)
- Southern caracara (Caracara plancus)
- †Guadalupe caracara (Caracara lutosa) – extinct (1900 or 1903)
- †Bahaman caracara (Caracara creightoni) – prehistoric, may belong in C. latebrosus
- †Puerto Rican caracara (Caracara latebrosus) – prehistoric
- †Terrestrial caracara (Caracara tellustris) – prehistoric
The fossil record proves the long history of the mainland "crested caracaras". Remains of northern caracaras, slightly larger[verification needed] than those of our time and otherwise all but identical, were found in the famous La Brea Tar Pits. In addition, the Guadalupe caracara may derive from an already-distinct population of western Mexico that subsequently was displaced by the main continental population.
- AOU Check-list of North American Birds. 7th edition w. supplements. Accessed 2008-04-26
- ABA Check-list (PDF). Version 6.8. Accessed 2008-04-26
- Clements, J. F. 2007. The Clements Checklist of the Birds of the World. 6th edition. Christopher Helm. ISBN 978-0-7136-8695-1
- "Caracara". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 3 April 2011.
- Steadman, David W.; Richard Franz; Gary S. Morgan; Nancy A. Albury; Brian Kakuk; Kenneth Broad; Shelley E. Franz; Keith Tinker; Michael P. Pateman; Terry A. Lott; David M. Jarzen; David L. Dilcher (2007). "Exceptionally well preserved late Quaternary plant and vertebrate fossils from a blue hole on Abaco, The Bahamas". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 104 (50): 19897–19902. doi:10.1073/pnas.0709572104. PMC 2148394. PMID 18077421.
- Brodkorb, Pierce (1959). "Pleistocene Birds from New Providence Island, Bahamas" (PDF). Bulletin of the State of Florida Museum (University of Florida) 4 (11): 354.
- Olson, Storrs L. (2008). "A New Species of Large, Terrestrial Caracara from Holocene Deposits in Southern Jamaica (Aves: Falconidae)". Journal of Raptor Research (The Raptor Research Foundation) 42 (4): 265–272. doi:10.3356/JRR-08-18.1.
- Dove, C. & R. Banks. 1999. A Taxonomic study of Crested Caracaras (Falconidae). Wilson Bull. 111(3): 330–339.
- Photo of crested caracara at Brazos Bend State Park, Texas : 
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