Creston, Washington

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Creston, Washington
Town
Location of Creston, Washington
Location of Creston, Washington
Coordinates: 47°45′29″N 118°31′16″W / 47.75806°N 118.52111°W / 47.75806; -118.52111Coordinates: 47°45′29″N 118°31′16″W / 47.75806°N 118.52111°W / 47.75806; -118.52111
Country United States
State Washington
County Lincoln
Area[1]
 • Total 0.45 sq mi (1.17 km2)
 • Land 0.45 sq mi (1.17 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 2,441 ft (744 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 236
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 228
 • Density 524.4/sq mi (202.5/km2)
Time zone Pacific (PST) (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP codes 99117, 99147
Area code(s) 509
FIPS code 53-15710[4]
GNIS feature ID 1504274[5]

Creston is a town in Lincoln County, Washington, United States. The population was 236 at the 2010 census.

History[edit]

Creston sprang up with the arrival of the Central Washington Railroad in 1889. It was named so because of its high altitude, because it is the highest town between Cheney and Coulee City, Washington, as the railroad goes.[6] In the spring of 1890, a town site was platted by H.S. Huson and registered with the state on June 23 of that year. The first structure in town was a small store building moved to the site by Henry Verfurth from the nearby village of Sherman, 5 miles northwest of Creston. A post office was established shortly thereafter whose jurisdiction extended to the Columbia River on the North and the railroad tracks on the South with ten miles East and West. Henry Verfurth was appointed as postmaster. Following the Panic of 1893 and the bankruptcy of the town site owner, Creston remained dormant until a bumper wheat crop in 1897 gave a boost to the regional economy, bringing thousands of new settlers to the region.

The results of the strong harvest were immediate with new businesses, grain elevators, public buildings, churches and the towns first bank and newspaper. At the same time, the town was given a boost by a new road and ferry connecting it to the rich mineral belts in the nearby Colville Indian Reservation. Between 1900 and 1903, Creston's population doubled to 102. In August 1902, the last surviving member of the infamous Hole in the Wall Gang, Harry Tracy, was shot at a Creston ranch and killed himself there to avoid capture. Creston was officially incorporated on April 20, 1903.

Geography[edit]

Creston is located at 47°45′29″N 118°31′16″W / 47.75806°N 118.52111°W / 47.75806; -118.52111 (47.758146, -118.521118).[7] It is located roughly 20 miles west of Davenport, the county seat.

Creston is located at the foot of what was known as Brown's Butte, a gently sloping hill in the heart of what was historically known as the Brent's country, one of the richest farming areas in Lincoln County.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.45 square miles (1.17 km2), all of it land.[1]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Creston, Washington
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 65
(18)
61
(16)
75
(24)
90
(32)
96
(36)
106
(41)
110
(43)
106
(41)
100
(38)
87
(31)
69
(21)
56
(13)
110
(43)
Average high °F (°C) 33
(1)
39
(4)
49
(9)
59
(15)
68
(20)
75
(24)
85
(29)
84
(29)
75
(24)
59
(15)
42
(6)
31
(−1)
58.3
(14.6)
Average low °F (°C) 20
(−7)
23
(−5)
28
(−2)
32
(0)
39
(4)
45
(7)
51
(11)
50
(10)
42
(6)
33
(1)
26
(−3)
19
(−7)
34
(1.3)
Record low °F (°C) −27
(−33)
−30
(−34)
−4
(−20)
10
(−12)
19
(−7)
25
(−4)
25
(−4)
25
(−4)
14
(−10)
1
(−17)
−18
(−28)
−23
(−31)
−30
(−34)
Precipitation inches (mm) 1.41
(35.8)
1.04
(26.4)
1.12
(28.4)
0.99
(25.1)
1.28
(32.5)
0.92
(23.4)
0.80
(20.3)
0.32
(8.1)
0.48
(12.2)
0.87
(22.1)
1.69
(42.9)
1.77
(45)
12.69
(322.2)
[citation needed]

Demographics[edit]

The Creston School District maintains the town's sole K-12 school, though it also draws a considerable amount of students from the Davenport, Harrington, and Wilbur school districts.

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 236 people, 114 households, and 67 families residing in the town. The population density was 524.4 inhabitants per square mile (202.5 /km2). There were 130 housing units at an average density of 288.9 per square mile (111.5 /km2). The racial makeup of the town was 94.5% White, 1.7% Native American, 0.4% Asian, and 3.4% from two or more races.

There were 114 households of which 16.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.5% were married couples living together, 5.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 7.0% had a male householder with no wife present, and 41.2% were non-families. 36.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 21.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.07 and the average family size was 2.66.

The median age in the town was 51.5 years. 14.8% of residents were under the age of 18; 5.6% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 18.7% were from 25 to 44; 32.6% were from 45 to 64; and 28.4% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 50.4% male and 49.6% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 232 people, 115 households, and 64 families residing in the town. The population density was 524.5 people per square mile (203.6/km²). There were 131 housing units at an average density of 296.2 per square mile (115.0/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 92.67% White, 0.86% African American, 3.45% Native American, and 3.02% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.86% of the population.

There were 115 households out of which 20.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.0% were married couples living together, 7.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 43.5% were non-families. 40.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 22.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.02 and the average family size was 2.71.

In the town the population was spread out with 19.4% under the age of 18, 5.2% from 18 to 24, 21.1% from 25 to 44, 27.6% from 45 to 64, and 26.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 48 years. For every 100 females there were 98.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.8 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $25,417, and the median income for a family was $33,250. Males had a median income of $30,833 versus $18,750 for females. The per capita income for the town was $13,830. About 15.4% of families and 20.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.9% of those under the age of eighteen and 20.0% of those sixty five or over.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-19. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-19. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-01. 
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ Majors, Harry M. (1975). Exploring Washington. Van Winkle Publishing Co. p. 106. ISBN 978-0-918664-00-6. 
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  • An Illustrated History of The Big Bend Country, Embracing Lincoln, Douglas, Adams and Franklin Counties. Spokane, WA: Western Historical Publishing Company, 1904. Print.

External links[edit]

  • [1] Creston School District Website