Creuse (river)

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Argenton sur Cruse.jpg
Creuse River in Argenton-sur-Creuse
Origin Plateau de Millevaches
Mouth Vienne
47°0′22″N 0°34′7″E / 47.00611°N 0.56861°E / 47.00611; 0.56861 (Vienne-Creuse)Coordinates: 47°0′22″N 0°34′7″E / 47.00611°N 0.56861°E / 47.00611; 0.56861 (Vienne-Creuse)
Basin countries France
Length 264 km
Source elevation 932 m
Avg. discharge 81 m³/s
Basin area 9,570 km²

The Creuse (Occitan: Cruesa) is a 264 km long river in western France, a tributary of the river Vienne. Its source is in the Plateau de Millevaches, a north-western extension of the Massif Central.


The Creuse flows northwest through the following departments and towns:

The Creuse flows into the river Vienne about 20 km north of Châtellerault. A tributary of the river Creuse is the Gartempe.

The Creuse valley is the setting for paintings by the so-called Crozant School, including works by Armand Guillaumin and a series of vivid landscapes by the Bordeaux artist Alfred Smith.[1]

Dams and lakes[edit]

Diagram of the Creuse Dams

There are six hydroelectric dams on the river. Three are in the Creuse département with one at Chambon-Sainte-Croix aboveAnzeme, one at Les Chezelles near Le Bourg-d'Hem and one at L'Age upstream of La Celle-Dunoise. The remaining three are in the Indre including the Eguzon dam which was opened in 1926 and was, at the time, the largest dam in Europe. The lakes created by the dams are popular tourist destinations and several have artificial beaches and leisure facilities.

Main tributaries[edit]


  1. ^ Hollis Koons McCullough, ed. (2005). "Alfred Smith". Telfair Museum of Art: collection highlights. University of Georgia Press. pp. 156–157. ISBN 0-933075-04-9.