Creve Coeur, Missouri

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Creve Coeur, Missouri
City
Location of Creve Coeur, Missouri
Location of Creve Coeur, Missouri
Coordinates: 38°40′2″N 90°26′33″W / 38.66722°N 90.44250°W / 38.66722; -90.44250Coordinates: 38°40′2″N 90°26′33″W / 38.66722°N 90.44250°W / 38.66722; -90.44250
Country United States
State Missouri
County St. Louis
Area[1]
 • Total 10.27 sq mi (26.60 km2)
 • Land 10.27 sq mi (26.60 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 604 ft (184 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 17,833
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 17,855
 • Density 1,736.4/sq mi (670.4/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
FIPS code 29-17272[4]
GNIS feature ID 0755942[5]

Creve Coeur /ˈkrv ˈkʊər/[6] is a city located in west St. Louis County, Missouri, United States, in Greater St. Louis. The population was 17,833 at the 2010 census.[7] Creve Coeur borders and shares a ZIP code (63141) with the neighboring city of Town and Country.

It is a "second ring suburb."[citation needed]

History[edit]

The name crève cœur (French pronunciation: ​[krɛv kœʁ], heartbreak) derives from Creve Coeur Lake, which was named for the tale of a lovelorn Indian girl whose broken heart led her to suicide off the famous dripping springs.[8] Alternatively, it may have been named for the famous French-American philosopher Michel Guillaume Jean de Crèvecœur, who hypothesized on what is the true American.[citation needed]

Written accounts and archaeological finds show that Native Americans inhabited the Creve Coeur area from 9500 B.C. to 1800 A.D. French explorers began farming and fishing in the area in the early 18th century, and fur trappers settled there in the early 19th century. When the area was acquired by the United States through the Louisiana Purchase in 1803, the Lewis and Clark Expedition came through Creve Coeur. During the American Civil War, men from the area served on both sides of the conflict, but most residents were southern sympathizers.[9]

Creve Coeur was incorporated in 1949. Although there are cabins that are more than 200 years old (including two still in Conway Park) in the community, it grew primarily as a stopping point along Olive Boulevard between University City and Creve Coeur Lake. It expanded faster following construction of Interstate 270 and U.S. Route 40.[10]

The lake and its associated park of the same name, which was the first county park in St. Louis County, is now part of Maryland Heights to the north of Creve Coeur.

Geography[edit]

Creve Coeur is located at 38°40′2″N 90°26′33″W / 38.66722°N 90.44250°W / 38.66722; -90.44250 (38.667352, -90.442600).[11] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 10.27 square miles (26.60 km2), all of it land.[1]

Government[edit]

The City of Creve Coeur’s Charter was adopted in 1976, providing for a Council-City Administrator form of government. The Mayor is elected by the voters while the City Council consists of eight members (two members representing each of four wards Council members are elected to serve staggered two-year terms). The Mayor is elected at large for a three-year term. The City Administrator is hired by the City Council and is responsible for the day-to-day operations of the city.[12] Creve Coeur has 104 government employees.

The city is located in the 2nd Congressional District, 7th and 24th State Senate District, and 82nd and 87th State Representative Districts.

Ratings and Accreditations[edit]

The City of Creve Coeur’s Standard & Poor bond rating is AAA, one of only four such rated cities in the State of Missouri. [12] The city’s Police Department is accredited through the Commission on Accreditation for Law Enforcement Agencies, Inc., (CALEA).

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop.   ±%  
1950 2,040 —    
1960 5,122 +151.1%
1970 8,967 +75.1%
1980 11,743 +31.0%
1990 12,304 +4.8%
2000 16,500 +34.1%
2010 17,833 +8.1%
2012 (est.) 17,855 +0.1%

Ranked 3rd in highest assessed value in St. Louis County[13] the median income for a household in the city was $94,852, and the median income for a family was $99,100. Males had a median income of $65,106 versus $39,102 for females. The per capita income for the city was $59,496. About 1.8% of families and 2.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.8% of those under age 18 and 2.7% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 17,833 people, 7,654 households, and 4,717 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,736.4 inhabitants per square mile (670.4 /km2). There were 8,433 housing units at an average density of 821.1 per square mile (317.0 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 79.9% White, 7.2% African American, 0.2% Native American, 10.1% Asian, 0.7% from other races, and 1.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.6% of the population.

There were 7,654 households of which 26.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.2% were married couples living together, 6.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 2.2% had a male householder with no wife present, and 38.4% were non-families. 32.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.26 and the average family size was 2.91.

The median age in the city was 44.3 years. 20.9% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.4% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 22.6% were from 25 to 44; 28.5% were from 45 to 64; and 20.7% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.2% male and 51.8% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 16,500 people, 6,988 households, and 4,465 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,628.9 people per square mile (628.9/km²). There were 7,496 housing units at an average density of 740.0 per square mile (285.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 88.79% White, 3.45% African American, 0.21% Native American, 6.02% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.55% from other races, and 0.97% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.77% of the population.

There were 6,988 households out of which 25.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.6% were married couples living together, 4.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.1% were non-families. 30.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 2.89.

In the city the population was spread out with 21.0% under the age of 18, 6.9% from 18 to 24, 25.0% from 25 to 44, 27.9% from 45 to 64, and 19.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 93.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.5 males.

Education[edit]

Approximately 68% of Creve Coeur residents have college degrees; 33% have graduate or professional degrees.[14]

Primary and secondary schools[edit]

Creve Coeur has a number of private and public elementary and middle schools including Our Lady of the Pillar, and four private high schools (Saint Louis Priory School, De Smet Jesuit High School, Chaminade College Preparatory School, and Whitfield School).[15] The western portion of Creve Coeur is part of the public Parkway School District. The eastern portion is served by the Ladue School District. Pattonville School District is also within the city limits of Creve Coeur.

Colleges and Universities[edit]

Missouri Baptist University is located within the city of Creve Coeur along with Covenant Theological Seminary.

Economy[edit]

Creve Coeur is recognized as a key node for technology, life and bio sciences, and medical services in the St. Louis region. It is home to Monsanto Corporation World Headquarters, the Donald Danforth Plant Science Center & the Bio Research and Development Growth Park.[citation needed]

Isle of Capri Casinos moved its headquarters to Creve Coeur from Biloxi, Mississippi, in 2006.[16] The state of Missouri and the city of Creve Coeur had offered Isle of Capri more than $4.2 million in tax incentives.[17] In addition, Correctional Medical Services,[18] Drury Hotels,[19] and Monsanto have their headquarters in Creve Coeur.[20]

Adam's Mark previously had its headquarters in the city.[21][22]

Top Ten Employers[edit]

According to the City's 2011 Comprehensive Annual Financial[23] the top employers in the city are:

# Employer # of Employees
1 Mercy Hospital 6,272
2 Monsanto Corporation 3,700
3 Thomson Reuters (Markets) LLC 1,000
4 SSM Health Care 450
5 Daugherty Business Solutions 365
6 Plaza Motor Company 350
7 Pulaski Bank 300
8 Tubular Steel 262
9 Rock-Tenn 240
10 Ceridian 218

Notable Businesses[edit]

According to St. Louis Business Journal Book of Lists 2012,[24] Creve Coeur is home to several leading businesses in the St. Louis region.

St. Louis Book of Lists Category Creve Coeur Business
Largest Employer Mercy Hospital (#8)
Largest Hospital Mercy Hospital (#2), Barnes-Jewish West County Hospitall (#21)
Fastest Growing Private Companies Advanced ICU Care[25] (#6), The Outsource Group[26]/(#16), #2Marcone Supply (23)

Technology[edit]

Five of the top fifteen largest information technology consulting firms in St. Louis are located in Creve Coeur including the top two.[24]

Life & Plant Sciences[edit]

Two of the top ten largest life science research organizations in St. Louis are located in Creve Coeur. (2012).[27]

Organizations[edit]

The American Association of Orthodontists has its headquarters in the city.[28]

Attractions[edit]

The City of Creve Coeur maintains seven parks spanning 95 acres which include playgrounds, walking trails, tennis courts, and historic homes.[29] The City of Creve Coeur also operates the Dielmann Recreation Complex, which includes a 9-hole golf course and ice arena.[30]Creve Coeur Lake Memorial Park is a St. Louis County Park located 3 miles north of the City of Creve Coeur.

Transportation[edit]

See also[edit]


References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-08. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-08. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-05-30. 
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ Creve Coeur — Dictionary.com
  7. ^ "Race, Hispanic or Latino, Age, and Housing Occupancy: 2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File (QT-PL), Creve Coeur city, Missouri". U.S. Census Bureau, American FactFinder 2. Retrieved October 19, 2011. 
  8. ^ http://i562.photobucket.com/albums/ss67/pugaippadam/IMG_6798.jpg
  9. ^ Dalton, Gloria (1976). "Heritage of the Creve Coeur Area", City of Creve Coeur.
  10. ^ Creve Coeur History - creve-coeur.org
  11. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  12. ^ a b http://www.creve-coeur.org/
  13. ^ St. Louis County, Missouri. 2011. St. Louis County Assessor’s Office, 2011 Assessment Roll, December 30, 2011. 8 pp. ,
  14. ^ http://factfinder2.census.gov/legacy/aff_sunset.html
  15. ^ http://factfinder2.census.gov/legacy/aff_sunset.html?geo_id=16000US2917272&_bucket_id=50&tree_id=420&context=saff&_lang=en&_sse=on
  16. ^ Van Der Werf, Martin. "Isle of Capri will move HQ to Creve Coeur." St. Louis Post-Dispatch. January 28, 2006. Third Edition, Business A31. Retrieved on August 19, 2009.
  17. ^ "City, Missouri team up to lure Isle of Capri to Creve Coeur." St. Louis Post-Dispatch. January 24, 2006. Retrieved on August 19, 2009.
  18. ^ Jonsson, Greg. Complaints swirl around prison care Creve Coeur-based firm faces inquiries and suits." St. Louis Post-Dispatch. June 7, 2007. A4. Retrieved on August 14, 2010.
  19. ^ Carey, Christopher. "Chesterfield, Mo., hotel project to boost area's hospitality industry." St. Louis Post-Dispatch. July 20, 2004. Retrieved on August 19, 2009.
  20. ^ "Monsanto CFO to retire." St. Louis Business Journal. Wednesday August 12, 2009. Retrieved on August 19, 2009.
  21. ^ "Contact Us." Adam's Mark. April 9, 2003. Retrieved on April 5, 2013. "Adam's Mark Corporate Headquarters HBE Corporation 11330 Olive Blvd. St. Louis, MO 63141"
  22. ^ Jonsson, Greg. "NAACP PROTESTS AT HEADQUARTERS OF ADAM'S MARK HOTELS." St. Louis Post-Dispatch. August 11, 2001. Five Star Lift Edition p. 11. Retrieved on April 5, 2013. "About 30 NAACP protesters marched outside the corporate headquarters of the Adam's Mark hotel chain in Creve Coeur on Friday to protest alleged[...]"
  23. ^ Report,http://www.creve-coeur.org/archives/36/CC%20Newsletter_January_RN1802.pdf
  24. ^ a b (2012). 2012 book of lists . St. Louis Business Journal ,
  25. ^ http://www.icumedicine.com/
  26. ^ http://theoutsourcegroup.com
  27. ^ 2012 book of lists . St. Louis Business Journal ,
  28. ^ "Contact Us." American Association of Orthodontists. Retrieved on December 23, 2011. "401 North Lindbergh Boulevard St. Louis, MO 63141-7816"
  29. ^ http://www.creve-coeur.org/index.aspx?nid=284
  30. ^ http://www.creve-coeur.org/index.aspx?NID=133

External links[edit]