Location of Crewe, Virginia
|• Total||2.0 sq mi (5.3 km2)|
|• Land||2.0 sq mi (5.3 km2)|
|• Water||0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)|
|Elevation||531 ft (162 m)|
|• Density||1,171.6/sq mi (452.4/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||1492824|
It was founded in 1888 as a central location to house steam locomotive repair shops for the Norfolk and Western Railroad (now called Norfolk Southern) which has a rail yard there for east-west trains carrying Appalachian coal to Hampton Roads for export abroad, and the street pattern was laid out at that time. It was named for the large railroad town of Crewe, England.
The railroad repair facility's importance diminished sharply in the 1950s, as the switch to diesel-electric locomotives required less labor and equipment. Crewe has a small railroad museum. Lottie Moon, a noted Baptist missionary to China, is buried in the town cemetery. A chicken festival is held annually on the third Wednesday in June.
The Battle of Sayler's Creek, the last major American Civil War engagement before the Army of Northern Virginia's surrender at Appomattox Court House, occurred nearby. The Southside Electric Cooperative and the Piedmont Geriatric Hospital are in the vicinity as well.
In recent years retail business in Crewe has declined. This decline is often attributed to the presence of big-box chain stores in nearby Blackstone and Farmville, Virginia. The Star Value grocery store in Crewe closed its doors in 2005, leaving the town without a grocer. Several attempts to open new grocery stores in the town have not met with much success, and have closed. In November, 2005, the Virginia Department of Rail and Public transportation provided an emergency funding for a bus route between Crewe and Blackstone in order to provide access to the Walmart, Food Lion, and other shops in Blackstone to those without other means of transportation.
Crewe is located at (37.179316, -78.127549).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 2.0 square miles (5.3 km²), all of it land.
As of the census of 2000, there were 2,378 people, 971 households, and 645 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,171.6 people per square mile (452.3/km²). There were 1,074 housing units at an average density of 529.1 per square mile (204.3/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 77.04% White, 21.15% African American, 0.34% Native American, 0.17% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 0.21% from other races, and 1.01% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.80% of the population.
There were 971 households out of which 34.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.9% were married couples living together, 15.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.5% were non-families. 28.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.98.
In the town the population was spread out with 29.1% under the age of 18, 7.6% from 18 to 24, 26.2% from 25 to 44, 19.0% from 45 to 64, and 18.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 86.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.9 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $33,828, and the median income for a family was $40,625. Males had a median income of $35,350 versus $20,819 for females. The per capita income for the town was $16,826. About 14.6% of families and 16.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.5% of those under age 18 and 9.7% of those age 65 or over.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- The Crewe Railroad Museum
- The Crewe-Burkeville Chamber of Commerce
- Southside Electric Cooperative
- Town of Crewe